bookgirl.gif (3998 bytes)wdrbadd.gif (6603 bytes)

 

 

ENGLISH BOOKS OF THE 18th CENTURY

ADDIDSON, Jospeph. THE WORKS... With a Complete Index. Birmingham: John Baskervile for J. & R. Tonson, at Shakespear’s Head..., 1761 4 vols, 4to, eng. frontis. portrait of the author after Kneller, 3 commperlplates engraving sby Hayman & Grignon, and a number of woodcuts. Contemp. tree calf, gilt toold borders and spines, red & black gilt labels, joints of vol. 1 tender but holding, bookplates, very handsome set. $1250. ¶ The handsome Addison is counted among the Baskerville’s finest and most ambitious of his works. Dibdin called it a "A glorious performance" (Lib. Comp.). The eighteenth century renaissance in printing was brought about by John Baskerville, who brought a refreshign touch of simplicity into typographic art. Besides designing his own types, he made his own inks and was repsonsible for the manufacture of the paper used in his books. His open, generous pages brought to a climax the clear, widely spaced treatment, already to be seen in the books of Tonson and Bowyer in London… In crystallizing this trend, Baskerville was the inspiration that set of a fifty-year stretch of native British bookmaking…" (Art of the Printed Book p.26). Gaskell, John Bskerville, A Bibliography, 17.

 

ADDISON, Joseph. THE MISCELLANEOUS WORKS, IN VERSE AND PROSE, OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE… With Some Account of the Life and Writings of the Author by Mr. Tickell. London: Printed for J. & R. Tonson, 1765. 4 vols, 8vo, 2 engraved frontispieces, 2 engraved plates, 42 medal illus.. Contemporary full calf, gilt lettering to red and black onlaid morocco spine labels, gilt dec. compartments, gilt tooled edges, bookplates, some wear to edges, extremities, otherwise an internally clean, very good set. $350. ¶ Includes Addison’s poetry, his plays, Dialogues Upon the Usefulness of Ancient Medals Especially in Relation to the Latin and Greek Poets, The Present State of the War [with France], Of The Christian Religion, and writings on his travel throughout Italy and Switzerland.

 

(American Revolution). THE GENTLEMAN’S AND LONDON MAGAZINE For November, 1780. London: n.p., 1780. 8vo, 577-632pp. Bound in 19th C. half red calf over red cloth, gilt lettered spine, marbled endpapers, some wear at extremities, mildly aged leaves, very good. $75. ¶ Features articles on The Fate of Major St. Andre, the British spy whose capture revealed Benedict Arnold’s betrayal; the Duke of Richmond; National Frugality; An Account of the Art of War, a poem, by the King of Prussia; An Account of India; A Concise Description of the North American Colonies; the Air of Naples; etc.

 

ARMSTRONG, John. THE ART OF PRESERVING HEALTH. A Poem. London: A. Millar, 1754. 8vo, (2), 100pp. [Bound with] WHITEHEAD, [Paul]. SATIRES. Viz. I. Manners… II. The State Dunces…III. Honour. Islington, 1748. 52pp. [and with] [Anon.]. SOBER ADVICE FROM HORACE, To the Young Gentleman about Town. As Delivered in His Second Sermon. Imitated in the Manner of Mr. Pope. London: for T. Sewell, 1755. 24pp. Modern boards, paper label, slight browning to title-page of first item, contemp. hand has filled in printer’s abbreviations of names in third title, very good. $150. ¶ Early edition of the first title. "In 1744 appeared the ‘Art of Preserving Health,’ a didactic poem in four books, which sprang at once into popularity, and has passed through several editions down to our own day. In the class of poetry to which it belongs, the ‘Art of Preserving Health’ holds a distinguished place. No writer of the eighteenth century had so masterful a grasp of blank verse as is shown in parts of this poem. The powerful passage descriptive of the plague (Book III) has been highly praised. As in all didactic poetry, the practical directions are of little interest; but those who value austere imagination and weighty diction cannot afford to neglect Armstrong’s masterpiece" (DNB). A friend of John Wilkes and Henry Fuseli and a physician to the British army in Germany during the Seven Years War, John Armstrong (1709-1779) achieved prominence in medicine before gaining notoriety for attacking his friend John Wilkes and fame for writing this famous poem. cf. Foxon A296; Hayward 168; Rothschild 56; Williams p.33.

First collected edition of the second title, a collection of satires by Paul Whitehead (1710-1744), including "Manners," "State Dunces," a satire in heroic couplets critical of Pope and Walpole, and "Honour," Whitehead’s last political satire, first published a year earlier, in 1747. In "Honour," Liberty is introduced as following Virtue in quitting the shores of Britain, unless specially detained by ‘Stanhope’ (e.g. Chesterfield). Foxon W411. The last title, Sober Advice from Horace, also a satire, may also be the work of Whitehead. It could not be located in NUC.

 

ARTIDEMORUS Daldianus. THE INTERPRETATION OF DREAMS, by that Most Celebrated Philosopher Artidemorus. First Written in Greek, and afterwards translated into Divers Foreign Languages, and now Made into English. A New Edition. London: J. Bew, 1786. 12mo 129, (2)pp. Contemp. quarter calf, marbled boards, somewhat rubbed. $550. ¶ Artemidorus lived in the 2nd century A.D. during the reigns of Hadrian and the Antonines. His book, said to have been written at the command of Apollo, is in four parts, with an appendix containing a collection of prophetic dreams which had been realized. He claims to haave read all the authorities on dreams and conversed with all who had strudied the subject. Translated by R. Woods, all early editions in English are rare on the market.

 

BACON, Francis. LETTERS… Written during the Reign of King James the First. Now Collected, and Augmented with Several Letters and Memoires, address’d by him to the King and Duke of Buckingham, which were never before Published. The Whole being Illustrated by an Historical Introduction and some Observations, and dispos’d according to the Series of Time. London: Printed for Benj. Tooke, 1702. 4to, (8), lxx, (2), 302, (2)pp. Calf antique, a very good copy. $400. ¶ First Edition, edited by Robert Stephens. Without the dedication leaf, which in many copies was cancelled owing to the death of William III before publication of the work. Gibson 245.

 

BARTON, Charles. AN HISTORICAL TREATISE OF A SUIT IN EQUITY: In Which is Attempted a Scientific Deduction of the Proceedings Used on the Equity Sides of the Courts of Chancery and Exchequer, From the Commencement of the Suit to the Decree and Appeal; With Occasional Remarks on their Import and Efficacy; and An Introductory Discourse on the Rise and Progress of the Equitable Jurisdiction of Those Courts. Dublin: P. Byrne, 1796. 8vo, (xliv), 227, (14) as Index, (1). Contemporary full calf, red spine label gilt lettered, stamped decorative borders, chipped at spine head and tail, heavy rubbing to boards and edges, spine label incomplete, glue offsets to endpapers, light-moderate damp stains throughout with occasional foxing, overall a tight, good copy. $200. ¶ First Edition of the author’s study of English court procedures as they existed at the end of the 18th century. Barton (1768-1843), who published this work at the age of 28, was highly commended as a legal writer. "A useful historical treatise, admirable for its clear and judicious arrangement" (Blake). This text was widely read in America and seven editions were printed in Cincinnati between 1847 and 1909. Barton later wrote several extensive treatises on conveyancing. Marke, NYU Law Collection Catalogue p.520; Allibone’s I, p. 137; DNB I, p. 1263.

 

BAXTER, William. GLOSSARIUM ANTIQUITATUM BRITANNICARUM, Sive Syllabus Etymologicus Antiquitatum Veteris Britanniae Atque Iberniae Temporibus Romanorum. Londini [London]: W. Bowyer, 1719. 8vo, xiv, (4), 277, (19 as Index), (8 as Subscribers), (2 blank)pp. frontispiece, decorations, inits. Contemporary full calf, gilt lettering to red morocco spine label, gilt orn. compartments, gilt ruled borders, speckled edges, later bookplate, internally clean, tight, expected wear, a nice, nearly very good copy. $175. ¶ First Edition of Baxter’s glossary or dictionary of Roman antiquities. The subscriber’s list at rear includes Isaac Newton and John Evelyn. 

 

[BECKFORD, William]. AN ARABIAN TALE, From an Unpublished Manuscript: With Notes Critical and Explanatory. London: J. Johnson, 1786. Sm. 8vo, vii, 334pp. Contemp. half calf, marbled boards, vellum tips, red morocco label, light edge wear. Very good copy with half-title and errata but lacking a final blank. With a marvellous note on the endpaper by Walter Starkie recalling conversations with Yeats "who used often to speak of Vathek’s tower and make it fit into his obsession that poet’s need towers to serve as eyries whither they can retire to seek inspiration." $2000. ¶ First Issue of the first edition in any language. Beckford wrote Vathek, the title by which it became known, in French, but it wasn’t published in that language until December, 1786; it was translated into English before publication by Beckford’s friend the Rev. Samuel Henley. At first Beckford approved of the translation but disowned it when, contrary to his firm instructions, it was published before the French text. Beckford himself never prepared a version of his masterpiece in English and this one remains the standard. Chapman 3a. Rothschild 354. Summers p.9. Bleiler 119. Block p.18.

 

[BERINGTON, Simon]. THE ADVENTURES OF SIGR. GAUDENTIO DI LUCCA. Being the Substance of his Examination before the Fathers of the Inquisition… Giving an Account of an Unknown Country in the midst of the Deserts of Africa, the Origine and Antiquity of the People, their Religion, Customs, Polity, and Laws. Copied from the Original Manuscript in St. Mark’s Library at Venice. With Critical Notes of the learned Signor Rhedi… London: W. Innys, R. Manby and H.S. Cox, 1748. 8vo, xii, 24, 291pp. Contemp. calf rebacked, 2 bookplates & old manuscript note at front, a little browned but very good. $250. ¶ Second edition of this celebrated Utopia, first printed in 1737 and often erroneously attributed to Bishop Berkeley. On the basis of Berkeley’s authorship, the book was immensely popular and was printed in at least 12 English editions in the 18th century as well as being translated into French, German and Dutch. Although the early manuscript inscription in this copy notes that the Gentleman’s Magazine for April 1783 pointed out the error of attribution to Berkeley, it was not until 1935 that Ellison (in "Gaudentio di Lucca: a Forgotten Utopia," PMLA pp. 494-509) identified the true author. "The earlier Utopias lacked concreteness… Berington’s Mezzorania, on the other hand, is as real as Mexico and Peru; and integrated with his philosophy and social theory is a narrative that runs the whole gamut from idyllic romance to luscious intrigue and bloody adventure" (Ellison). No copy of the first edition in NUC. Gove pp.295-300. Negley 93.

 

(Bewick illustrated). GOLDSMITH, Oliver. THE POETICAL WORKS... Complete in One Volume. With The Life of the Atuhor. Embellished with Vignettes & Tail-Pieces, Designed, and Graved on Wood by T. Bewick. Hereford: Printed by D. Walker and sold by J. Parsons..., 1795. 12mo, 95pp, 6 wood-engravings by Bewick. Orig. pink wrappers, with printed label within floral border. Very goo uncut copy in a full leather case. $400. ¶ Very rare. Hugo, Bewick Collector, 79.

 

(Bible). THE HOLY BIBLE, Containing the Old and New Testaments… Edinburgh: Alexander Kincaid, 1764. 2 vols, 12mo, unpaginated. Contemp. red morocco elaborately stamped in gilt, spine tooled in gilt, decorative endpapers, a.e.g. Light wear to extremities, one headcap repaired, margin of 1st p. of vol II cut away, otherwise very good. $1000. ¶ Attractive specimen of a Scottish fanfare binding, in full red morocco, gilt back, the sides elaborately gilt tooled, consisting of round center compartment, with leafy ornamentations, surrounded by fleurons, gilt fronds, & small representations of birds resting on branches. Darlow & Moule 861.

 

BICKHAM, George (Sr). ABC: or, Alphabets, In all the usual Hands now practis’d, &c. London: Overton, 1743. Folio, single sheet engraved, vignette at head colored by hand, framed and glazed. In fine condition. $200. ¶ Fine example of a plate from The Universal Penman which contained calligraphic plates engraved by Bickham after his own designs as well as those of 25 other calligraphers. Bickham was England’s greatest calligrapher and engraver of the 18th century, and this work was a compendium of all scripts then current. Heal pp. 171-72. 2000 Years of Calligraphy 116.

 

BLACKSTONE, William. COMMENTARIES ON THE LAWS OF ENGLAND. Oxford: Clarendon, 1767-9. 4 vols, 4to, (4), iv, (4), 485; (8), 520, xix; (8), 455, (1, blank), xxvii; (8), 436, vii, (1, blank), (39)pp. Contemp. full calf, rebacked, with gilt labels. Very good set. $3500. ¶ Mixed edition, as usual: vol. I, third; vol. II, second; vols III & IV firsts. Mixed edition, though, is "a most unfortunate term with misleading and negative connotations. The difficulty arose when Blackstone began revising his earlier volumes before getting the later ones in print" (J.D. Luttrell, "Two Centuries of Blackstone’s Commentaries." AB April 25, 1994, p.1808). Another curiosity of Blackstone’s magnum opus is that, despite making about £14,000 off the Commentaries and his lectures, and despite the efforts he took after publishing them to prevent the importation of pirated editions (including the commissioning of agents to patrol the Thames), he really had never intended to publish to work. It was only because his students, having transcribed and revised the contents of his lectures, were multiplying imperfect records of the lectures among themselves and even selling them to others, that he finally decided to publish his work. He was a Delegate of the Clarendon Press, which he had found "languishing in a lazy obscurity," but "as an example of bookmaking, with regard to type, paper and style, [the Commentaries] is of unusual merit" (Hicks, p.119).

"Until the Commentaries, the ordinary Englishman had viewed the law as a vast, unintelligible and unfriendly machine; nothing but trouble, even danger, was to be expected from contact with it. Blackstone’s great achievement was to popularize the law and the traditions which had influenced its formation. He has been accused of playing to the gallery, of flattering the national vice of complacency with existing institutions. The charge is in many respects just; but it is no small achievement to change the whole climate of public opinion. The law might be as much an ass after Blackstone as before, but it was a familiar ass… If the English constitution survived the troubles of the next century, it was because the law had gained a new popular respect, and his was due in part to the enormous success of Blackstone’s work." PMM 212. Eller 1,2,4. For first eds., cf. Grolier.Bibl. Notes on 100 Engl. Books, 52. Rothschild 408.

 

BLIGH, Lieutenant William. A NARRATIVE OF THE MUTINY OF THE BOUNTY On Board His Majesty’s Ship Bounty: and the Subsequent Voyage of Part of the Crew, In the Ship’s Boat from Tofoa, One of the Friendly Islands, to Timor, a Dutch Settlement in the East Indies London: George Nicol, 1790. 4to, iv, 88pp, folding map of the Bounty launch and 3 maps (2 folding). Old marbled boards rebacked and recornered to style in calf with raised bands & gilt rules, orig. morocco label preserved. A fine, tall copy. $8500. ¶ First Edition of Capt. Bligh’s own account of the mutiny, "one of the most remarkable incidents in the whole of maritime history. After the publication of the narrative, Bligh presented copies to the Lords of the Admiralty and other influential people in the hope that his account of the mutiny would absolve him from any blame that might have been leveled against him because the incident" (Hill). Two years later the narrative was revised in the official account, A Voyage to the South Sea, edited by Joseph Banks and published by Nicol in 1792. Hill Collection I, p.26.

 

[BOEHME, Jacob], P[ORDAGE], J[ohn]. COMPENDIOUS VIEW OF THE GROUNDS OF THE TEUTONICK PHILOSOPHY. Wtih Considerations by Way of Enquiry into the Subject Matter, and Scope of the Writings of Jacob Behmen, Commonly Called, the Teutonck Philosopher. Also Several Extracts from His Writings. And Some Words Used by Him Explained. Published by a Gentleman Retired from Business. London: M. Lewis, 1770. 12mo, (xxxviii, misnumbered), (4), 91, 159, (1), 113pp. Contemp. panelled calf. Extremities worn, joints cracking, hinges still strong, occasional light foxing, ink name on title page scribbled out, very good. Ex libris Charles Stanfield Jones, "Frater Achad," with his inscription. $800. ¶ First Edition. The principal work in the volume is "A Treatise on Eternal Nature," by J[ohn] P[ordage] (1607-1681), who was the chief of the "Behemists," or followers of Jacob Böhme, and was a rector of a parish donated to Oxford by Elias Asmole, who esteemed Pordage’s astrological knowledge. Pordage was introduced to Böhme’s work by someone living in his home, as his family and others lived in a communal setting, "aspiring after the highest spiritual state," through "visible communion with angels" (DNB). Pordage’s anomalous views brought charges of heresy against him, including one of intercourse with spirits, and his rectory was taken away, though later restored. The last 113pp of the work are selections from Böhme’s writings. Not in Pritchard. Buddecke 77A.

 

[BRATHWAITE, Richard]. DRUNKEN BARNABY’S FOUR JOURNEYS TO THE NORTH OF ENGLAND. In Latin and English Metre…Together with Betsy Bell. London: S. Illidge, 1723. 12mo, (20), 175, (8)pp, frontis. & 5 copper-engraved plates. Full polished calf, double-filleted, gilt dentelles, marbled endpapers, marbled edge by Lewis. Slightest of cracking to joints, contemp. writing to prelim. blank, bookplate, a very good copy. $500. ¶ Third Edition, expanded from the second and with four additional plates, of the most famous of Brathwaite’s works. Considered by Southey "the best piece of rhymed Latin in modern literature" the volume was first published in 1638 with the title Barnabae Itinerarium, or Barnabee’s Journal" under the pseudonym "Corymbaeus." A lively record of English travel, expressed in Latin and English doggerel verse, the volume was ignored in its day and achieved fame initially with the second edition. The authorship was not ascertained until Joseph Haslewood’s publication of the eleventh edition in 1818. Lowndes I, p.260.

 

(British Theater). Thomson, James [and] Richard Cumberland [and] Thomas Hull. Tancred And Sigismunda. Adapted for Theatrical Representation, as Performed at the Theatres-Royal, Drury-Lane and Covent-Garden. [bound with] EDWARD AND ELEONORA. Altered From James Thomson, and Adapted to the Stage by Thomas Hull. [bound with] THE CARMELITE by Richard Cumberland. [bound with] THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS by Richard Cumberland. London: John Bell, 1791-95. 12mo, 99, (2), 64, 75, 79pp, engraved frontispieces (just shaved). Contemp. full mottled calf, gilt lettering to black morocco spine label, gilt rules, bookplate, some light edgewear, internally clean, good copy. $250. ¶ Second edition of each of these 18th century British plays, the frontispieces after Fuseli, Hamilton, & Burney.

 

BRYANT, Jacob. A NEW SYSTEM, OR, AN ANALYSIS OF ANCIENT MYTHOLOGY. London: T. Payne, 1774 - 1776. 3 vols, 4to, contemp. full calf, gilt backs, light wear, front hinge of vol. 3 cracked but holding, otherwise very good. $500. ¶ First Edition.

 

BUCHANAN, George. AN APPENDIX TO THE HISTORY OF SCOTLAND. Containing I. A Detection of the Actions of Mary Queen of Scots, Concerning the Murder of her Husband, and her Conspiracy, Adultery, and Pretended Marriage with Earl Bothwell… II De Jure Regni apud Scotos: Or, a Discourse Concerning the Due Privilege of Government in the Kingdom of Scotland. To Which is Added, the Genealogie of all the Kings of Scotland… London: Sam. Palmer…, 1721. 8vo, (14), 352pp, frontispiece engraving, head and tailpieces. Contemp. calf, blocked in blind, calf label. Joints barely cracked but still very strong, text clean, very good. With the bookplate of the Earl of Orrery. $750. ¶ First Collected Edition of these immensely influential essays by the greatist Scottish humanist. In the famous "Detection," Buchanan demonstrates that the so-called "Casket Letters," addressed to the earl of Bothwell, were in Mary’s hand and that she was therefore responsible for Lord Darnley’s murder. The "Detection" is characterized by a number of peculiarities; one of these is that it is almost the same composition as the "Book of Articles," in which James Stuart, Earl of Murray, first formulated the charge against Mary. Murray’s relationship to Buchanan was apparently quite close, and when the charge against Murray of the murder of Darnley fell flat, Mary’s adherents shifted their focus from Murray to Buchanan himself, arguing that he had forged the documents implicating Mary. While it is extremely unlikely that Buchanan had done such a thing, he is not beyond reproach: he was a willing pawn of Murray’s policy and, assuming the documents were forgeries, Buchanan, as t

 

BYRON, John. [with] THICKNESSE, Philip. THE NARRATIVE OF THE HONOURABLE JOHN BYRON (Commodore in a Late Expedition Round the World) Containing An Account of the Great Distresses Suffered by Himself and His Companions on the Coast of Patagonia, From the Year 1740, Till Their Arrival in England, 1746. With a Description of St. Jago De Chili, and the Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants. Also a Relation of the Loss of the WAGER Man of War, One of Admiral Anson’s Squadron. London: Ptd. for S. Baker and G. Leigh, 1768 [Bound with] OBSERVATIONS ON THE CUSTOMS AND MANNERS OF THE FRENCH NATION…by Philip Thicknesse. London: Ptd. for Robert Davis, et al, 1766. 8vo, viii, 257, frontispiece, 115, (1) as adv. pp. Original 18th century full calf backstrip over repapered boards, red and black morocco spine labels, gilt lettered, wear to joints, interior unusually bright and clean, overall good. $750. ¶ Second edition, issued in the same year as the first. John Byron (1723-1786), a Vice-Admiral, was the grandfather of Lord Byron the poet. As a young midshipman, Byron was attached to the Wager, a storeship in Commodore Anson’s squadron. While rounding Cape Horn, the Wager shipwrecked on the southern coast of Chile, and the survivors endured dreadful, grueling hardships before making their way back to England. In Don Juan, Lord Byron wrote: "His sufferings were comparative/To those related in my grand-dad’s narrative." Philip Thicknesse (1719-1792) was a lieutenant-governor of Landguard Fort, Suffolk, and was painter Thomas Gainsborough’s patron for over twenty years. A prolific writer, his books on Georgia colony, Jamaica, and continental Europe are considered quite interesting. Lowndes’ I, p.34. Heawood, History of Geographical Discovery in the 17th and 18th Centuries p. 202.

 

CALEF, Robert. MORE WONDERS OF THE INVISIBLE WORLD: Or, The Wonders of the Invisible World, Displayed in Five Parts…To Which is Added, a Postscript, Relating to a Book entitled, "The Life of Sir William Phips." Salem, MA: William Carlton, 1796. 8vo, 318, (2 as adv.)pp. Contemporary full sheep, old rebacking, gilt lettering to maroon spine label, loss at spine head, label intact, rear hinge starting, front hinge cracked, heavy rubbing, cornerwear, some foxing, age-toning throughout, a fairly good copy. $250. ¶ First American Edition, originally published at London, 1700. With opening notice by Cotton Mather. Part I. - An Account of the Sufferings of Margaret Rule, written by the Rev. C. M. [Cotton Mather]. Part II. - Several Letters to the Author, &c., and his Reply relating to Witchcraft. Part III. - The Differences Between the Inhabitants of Salem-Village, and Mr. Parris, thier Minister, in New England. Part IV. - Letters of a Gentleman uninterested, endeavoring to prove the received opinions about Witchcraft to be Orthodox. Part V. - A Short Historical Account of Matters of Fact in the Affair. Part I was printed surreptitiously from a transcript of Mather’s manuscript. Holmes, Cotton Mather, A Bibliography 15B.

 

CARTHEW, Thomas. REPORTS OF CASES ADJUDGED IN THE COURT OF KING’S BENCH, From the Third Year of King James the Second, to the Twelfth Year of King William the Third. London: E. & R. Nutt…, 1728. 4to, (13), 520, (29)pp. Contemp. smooth calf, filleted, red morocco label. Extremities worn, boards rubbed, joints weak, previous owner’s signature to title page, some marginal annotations, but generally clean. A very good copy with descendent’s armorial bookplate. $350. ¶ First Edition of the distinguished barrister’s reports. Carthew’s career was advanced to a great degree by his relation to Lord Francis North, to whom he was connected by marriage. The volume was published by Carthew’s son, Thomas.

 

CHESTERFIELD, Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of. MISCELLANEOUS WORKS... Consisting of Letters to his Friends, never before printed, and Various Other Articles. To which are Prefixed, Memoirs of his Life, tending to Illustrate the Civil, Literary, and Political Hisry of His Time, by M. Maty, MD. London: Edward & Charles Dilly, 1777. 2 vols, roy. 4to, vii, 342, 293, (2); (2), 586pp, 8 engraved medallion portraits by Bartolozzi & J. Hall. Contemp. mottled calf, joints worn and repaired, moderate foxing, otherwise very good copy with the half-titles, errata, & leaf of directions to the binder. $450. ¶ First Edition of Lord Chesterfield’s miscellaneous works, with the approved biography by Dr Maty. After publication of the Letters in 1774 Chesterfield’s biography and literary remains had been greatly anticipated. Gulick 149. Sterling 175.

 

[CHEYNE?]. MEDICINA FLAGELLATA: or, the Doctor Scarify’d. Laying open the Vices of the Faculty, the Insignificancy of a great Part of their Materia Medica; with certain Rules to discern the true Physician from the Emperick, and the Useful Medicine from the Noxious and Trading Physick. With an Essay on Health, or the Power of a Regimen. To which is added, a Discovery of some Remarkable Errors in the late Writings on the Plague… with some useful and necessary Rules to be observed in the Time of that Contagious Distemper. London: J. Bateman & J. Nicks, 1721. 8vo, xiv, "214" (i.e. 224)pp. Contemp. calf rebacked, retaining orig. endpapers, modern red label, bookplate, a very good copy. $475. ¶ First Edition, author unknown but sometimes attributed to Dr Che(y)ne. A substantial work on quackery, with much information on the plague; also included is a diatribe against apothecaries, especially in regard to the way they prepare medicines and the prices they charge, with general maxims for health founded on the principle of moderation and sobriety, and concluding with details on cleanliness and good diet as major contributors to good health. Blake p.297.

 

COCCHI, Antonio. THE PYTHAGOREAN DIET OF VEGETABLES ONLY, Conducive to the Preservation of Health, And the Cure of Diseases. A Discourse delivered at Florence, in the Month of August, 1743. Translated from the Italian. London: R. Dodsley, 1745. Sm. 8vo, (4), 91pp, with an engraved vignette of Pythagoras on the title-page. Modern tree calf, ruled in gilt, expertly rebacked with new endpapers, gilt morocco label to spine. Slightest dustsoiling to title, slight occasional foxing & penciled notes, very good. In a silk-lined cloth slipcase. $1000. ¶ First Edition in English of the celebrated treatise focusing on the Pythagorean diet and one of the earliest books to advocate a vegetarian diet. Written as a paean to Pythagoras and a history of the efficacy of his diet, the work’s purpose is to show "that the first founder of the vegetable regimen was at once a very great physicist and a very great physician… His motive in commending and introducing the new mode of living was derived not from any extravagant superstition, but from the desire to improve the health and the morals of men." The author cites this lack of vegetables as the primary cause of plague in Athens in 430 and as a contributing cause of all subsequent plagues. Most importantly, the work quotes Bachstrom’s opinion (Observationes circa scorbutum, 1734), that scurvy was caused by the absence of fresh vegetables in the diet. The topic interested Cocchi so much that, in light of Lind’s Treatise (1753), he published a new edition of Bachstrom (1757) at the end of his life.

Born to a family of Tuscan doctors, Antonio Cocchi (1695-1758) took a European tour while completing his scientifc studies. While abroad, he accompanied Lord Hastings, who picked him for his knowledge of English, to London, where he became friendly with Newton and Boërhaave, with whom he corresponded until the end of their lives. Upon his return to Italy, he was appointed professor of medicince at Pisa and of anatomy at Florence, but he was consulted on many topics: he was picked by Francis I as the court antiquarian, he helped found Florence’s famous botanical society, he drew up regulations forthe hospital in Florence, and his report on tuberculosis convinced Tuscan authorities to forbid the sale or exportation of anything belonging to consumptives without proper disinfection. He was a fervent vegetarian, and his work on Pythagoras quotes the firm opinion of Bachstrom (1734) that scurvy is caused by insufficient eating of vegetables. Proficient in many languages, he wrote as his first publication a translation of the Greek novel by Xenophon of Ephesus, The Loves of Anthias and Abrocoma. Then followed the medical, anatomical, and scientific works which made him famous.Wellcome III, p.362. Blake p.91. McLean p.29. Oxford p.76. Straus p.328 Not in Simon or Bitting; Vicaire 185 cites the Italian edition only.

 

COLES, E[lisha]. AN ENGLISH DICTIONARY. London: Printed by S. Collins for R. Bonwick [et al.], 1717. 12mo, unpaginated. Old calf worn, boards detached, leaves darkened, good. $350. ¶ Originally published in 1676, this essential reference work went through numerous editions and retained its popularity for more than fifty years. Coles’s dictionary departed from the conventional in the inclusion of canting terms and dialectical words. The author (1640?-1680) published other reference works and advanced the science of stenography. Alston V, 72. Cordell C-95. Starnes & Noyes pp.578-63.

 

COLES, Elisha. A DICTIONARY, ENGLISH-LATIN, AND LATIN-ENGLISH; Containing All Things Necessary for the Translating of either Language into the Other… London: Printed for D. Browne…, 1727. 8vo in fours, engraved frontispiece, unpaginated. Contemp. calf, expertly rebacked, gilt morocco label, signatures on first leaf, drop of ink on title, very good. $350. ¶ Eleventh edition. The author (1640?-1680) published numerous dictionaries and also advanced the science of stenography.

 

[CROFT, Herbert]. THE ABBEY OF KILKHAMPTON; Or, Monumental Records for the Year 1980 [sic]. Faithfully Transcribed from the Original Inscriptions… Compiled with a View to Ascertain, with Precision, the Manners which Prevailed in Great Britain during the Last Fifty Years of the Eighteenth Century. London: for G. Kearsly, 1780. 4to, (6), 141pp. Quarter green morocco over marbled boards, previous owner’s signature to fly-leaf and title page, boards rubbed, light foxing, last page of first work mounted on stub, otherwise very good. $150. ¶ Last but most complete of the eight popular editions of this work which were published in 1780. The volume is a collection of satirical epitaphs on famous or notorious persons. Most of the blanks in this volume have been filled in by a contemporary hand. A line in the Pursuits of Literature condemns those who write "inscriptive nonsense in a fanatical abbey" and calls the work "a vile pamphlet." Nevertheless, more than 14 editions were published by 1822. The author, Herbert Croft (1751-1816), wrote a famous life of the poet Edward Young, which was included in Johnson’s Lives of the Poets as Johnson’s own, and the notorious epistolary novel (based on some unpublished letters of Chattertons’s),Love and Madness, whose unnecessary interpolation and postscript on Chatterton was deleterious to Croft’s reputation. Croft also projected a revision of Johnson’s Dictionary. [with]

WAYS AND MEANS: Or, a Sale of the L****S S*******L and T******L, by R***L P**********N; Premising the Resolutions Which Sanctified so Irregular a Measure, and Exhibiting the Merits, Price, and Destination of the Several Lots, With Names of the Purchasers. London: for G. Kearsly, 1782. 4to, (2), vi, 96pp. ¶ First Edition of this scathing criticism of George III’s policies. The volume consists mainly of short passages describing the immoral traits and acts of those who bought their way into the peerage. Most of the blanks in this copy have been filled in by a contemporary hand. The uneliptical title would read: Ways and Means; or , a sale of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal by Royal Proclamation. NUC cites copies at the Library of Congress, Texas, and the Huntington.

 

(CURLL, Edmond). BECKINGHAM, Mr. [Charles]. THE TRAGEDY OF KING HENRY IV OF FRANCE: As it is Acted by His Majesty’s Servants. The Third Edition. London: E. Curll, T. Jauncy, A Bettesworth, J. Brotherton, 1720. Sm 4to, xv, (1), 64pp, head and tail pieces, decorative initials. Loose in rebinding with the bookplates of bibiographer Robert Proctor and silent film director Fred Niblo, internally good. $375. ¶ Rare Curll. After its four initial performances in 1719 at the theater in Lincoln’s Inn Fields, three editions of this historical tragedy were issued in 1720. It "deals with the jealousy of the Prince of Condé of his wife, who is in love with the king, and ends with the murder of Henry by Ravaillac" (DNB). The precocious Beckingham (1699-1731) wrote only one other play, Scipio Africanus (1718). The publisher, however, Edmund "The Unspeakable" Curll, was 18th century England’s most notorious bookman with over 1,000 publications to his credit during a forty-one year career, many of which were quite scandalous, including the erotic novel Venus in the Cloister and Thomas Stretser’s Merryland series.

Curll (1683-1747) published widely, including theatrical pieces like the volume under notice:"Here it is that we have a chance of observing the undoubted taste and typographical attractiveness that on the whole typified Curll’s work as a printer and publisher. Trivial pieces they may have been, but as charming, original and fundamentally beautiful examples of all that was best in early eighteenth century inexpensive book production they stand alone"(Hill, Two Augustan Booksellers). Though the first and second editions of the work under notice are listed, the present edition is not found in Straus’ Curll Handlist at the conclusion of his The Unspeakable Curll. Cf. Straus, p. 258. Quite scarce

 

D’URFEY, Thomas. THE COMICAL HISTORY OF DON QUIXOTE. As It Was Acted at the Queen’s Theatre in Dorset Garden by Their Majesties Servants. London: J. Darey, et al., 1729. 3 parts in 1 vol, sm 8vo, 295, (1 adv.)pp. 19th c. full calf, gilt lettering to red morocco spine label, raised bands, gilt dec. and orn. compartments, gilt tooled borders, dentelles, all edges yellow, slight loss at spine head, mild rubbing to joints, lightly browned throughout, otherwise a very good copy. $300. ¶ Second edition, originally a three-part dramatization (1694-96) with music by Purcell, by the poet, dramatist and satirist "Tom Durfey" (1653-1723). Chiefly for this play he was condemned by Collier in A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage. Pope considered him "the only poet of toleraable reputation in this country."

 

D’URFEY, Thomas. THE COMICAL HISTORY OF DON QUIXOTE. As It Was Acted at the Queen’s Theatre in Dorset Garden by Their Majesties Servants. London: J. Darey, et al., 1729. 3 parts in 1 vol, sm 8vo, 295, (1 adv.)pp. 19th c. full calf, gilt lettering to red morocco spine label, raised bands, gilt dec. and orn. compartments, gilt tooled borders, dentelles, all edges yellow, slight loss at spine head, mild rubbing to joints, lightly browned throughout, otherwise a very good copy. $300. ¶ Second edition, originally a three-part dramatization (1694-96) with music by Purcell, by the poet, dramatist and satirist "Tom Durfey" (1653-1723). Chiefly for this play he was condemned by Collier in A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage. Pope considered him "the only poet of toleraable reputation in this country."

 

DARELL, William A HISTORY OF DOVER CASTLE. London: S. Hooper, 1786. Lg 8vo, (4), iv, 68pp, 10 engraved plates including title-page vignette, folding plan of the castle. Old marbled boards rebacked in brown library buckram $80. ¶ First Edition. Darell (or Dorell, d.1580) was Chaplain to Queen Elizabeth and an antiquary of note who left a treatise in Latin on English history from which this part on Dover Castle was translated by Alexander Campbell. Lowndes 591-92.

 

DARWIN, Erasmus. THE BOTANIC GARDEN. A Poem in Two Parts. Part I. Containing the Economy of Vegetation. Part II. The Loves of the Plants. With Philosophical Notes. London: J. Johnson, 1791-90. 2 vols in one, 4to, xii, 126, (2); (2), xi, 202pp, 2 frontispieces by Fuseli, 20 engraved plates, incl. 5 engraved by William Blake, l vignette, errata leaves in both parts. Contemp. boards, lacking label, some foxing and off-setting of plates, two wormholes at bottom of last few quires, bookplates, a very good copy. $675. ¶ First Edition of vol. I and second edition of vol. II of the chief source of Erasmus Darwin’s fame in his lifetime. Although the poem is interesting, the 300 footnotes and 115 pages of appendices are the major part of the book; the first part is a far-reaching survey of science and technology with important sections concerning evolutionary theory and the second part deals specifically with vegetable sex life. The work is also treasured for the five plates that Blake engraved in part I, of which ‘The Fertilization of Egypt’ is the best known. Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), grandfather to Charles Darwin, was a famed eccentric in an age of unusual men, an inventor, writer, natural historian, and friend (or sometimes enemy) of many great men of his time including Blake, Rousseau, and Dr. Johnson. Bentley, Blake Books, 450. Blake 450A. King-Hele 97-119. Henrey 469. Wheeler Gift 555.

 

(Defoe?) PASQUIN AND MARFORIO ON THE PEACE:… London: Webb, [1757]. 8vo, (2), 88pp. Disbound, otherwise a clean copy. $85. ¶ British political pamphlet relating to the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle in 1748, and to British politics between 1748 -57. Second edition, first in 1748.

 

[DEFOE, Daniel]. THE LIFE AND STRANGE SURPRIZING ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE… [Including] THE LIFE OF DANIEL DE FOE. By George Chalmers. London: for John Stockdale, 1790. 2 vols, vxii, 389; v, 456, (14, ads), engraved title & frontis. in each vol, 13 plates, frontisportrait in the Life. Contemp. calf, worn & chipped. $150. ¶ First Edition with the famous Stothard plates, chronologically the fifteenth edition of Defoe’s classic.

 

[DODSLEY, Robert]. THE ECONOMY OF HUMAN LIFE…Translated from an Indian Manuscript, Written by a Bramin. Edinburgh: Alexander Donaldson, 1784. 12mo, 168pp. Contemp. calf, spine worn, joints cracked, signatures to endpapers, slight tear to upper margin of last to quires, slight occasional foxing, otherwise very good. $150. ¶ Early Scottish edition. First published in 1750, "one of the most important productions of its time" (Straus), this collection of moral aphorisms, enjoyed a huge popularity, especially as it was attributed to Lord Chesterfield. (Some even believe that Dodsley allowed such a rumor to flourish in order to promote sales). Lyttleton, however, claimed to be the editor. Dodsley’s quasi-biblical language had already been employed in his Chronicle of Kings. Cf. Straus pp. 169-183 & 315.

 

(Dodsley’s Miscellany). A COLLECTION OF POEMS BY SEVERAL HANDS. London: for J. Dodsley, 1775. 6 vols, 8vo, (4), 335; (4), 336; (4), 351; (4), 361; (4); 336; (4), 336pp; includes 145 engravings. Contemp. smooth calf, floral roll to board margins, spines tooled in gilt, natural morocco labels, marbled endpapers. Light wear to joints, occasional scratching to boards, light staining to margin of vol. I, still very good. $275. ¶ Early edition of the celebrated "Dodsley’s Miscellany," considered "the best and most famous of the eighteenth-century anthologies" (Elkin Mathews), which contains selections by Pope, Fielding, Johnson, Whitehead, William Collins, Shenstone, James Thomson, Akenside, Soame Jenyns and many others. James Dodsley (1724-1797) was the younger brother of Robert Dodsley, the famous London bookseller and publisher. It was first issued in three volumes in 1748. Cf. Suarez, "Dodsley’s Collection of Poems and the Ghost of Pope," in Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America vol 88:2, June 1994.

 

 

[DUNTON, John]. ATHENIAN SPORT: Or, Two Thousand Paradoxes Merrily Argued, to Amuse and Divert the Age… With Improvements from the Honourable Mr. Boyle, Lock, Norris,Collier, Dryden…By a Member of the Athenian Society. London: for B. Bragg, 1707. 8vo, (2), v-xxxii [–xxix-xxx], 544pp, frontis. Contemp. calf, expertly rebacked along with morocco label, joints nearly gone, writing to title & margins, light browning throughout. Despite missing half-title & 2pp of table of contents, still better than a reading copy. With the bookplate of Capt. William Harrison. $350. ¶ First Edition, one of Dunton’s Athenian projects, of which he published several. Among the paradoxes argued herein are "He is the Happiest Man who has neither Mony nor Friend" and "Fruition’s nothing, or a Paradox proving there’s no Pleasure in Copulation."

 

DWIGHT, Timothy. THE CONQUEST OF CANÄAN; A Poem, in Eleven Books. Hartford: Elisha Babcock, 1785. 8vo, (8), 304pp. Full contemp. calf, red morocco label. Rubbing to joints & extremities, free endpapers gone, signature & marginal browning to title, occasional foxing, otherwise very good, with the bookplate of Paul Jordan Smith. $200. ¶ First Edition of the first American epic poem, an allegory in which Dwight "clumsily equates the conquest of Canaan, as narrated in the Old Testament, with the taking of the Connecticut from the British…The incongruity of the eras depicted, and the highfalutin style, at times become ludicrous. W.C. Bronson calls the poem ‘an honest, respectable piece of work,’ but holds it is without a glimmer of genius or even high talent" (Herzberg). One English critic defied anyone to read the poem "without yawning an hundred times," and Alexander Cowie remarked that Dwight and fellow epic poet Joel Barlow, in competition to win fame for their epics, were both "lured to their ultimate ruin in morasses of heroic couplets." Timothy Dwight (1752-1817), grandson of Jonathan Edwards, was ready for college at eight, though he did not enter Yale until thirteen. After a career as a teacher, chaplain in the Continental Army, and literary man, he returned to Yale as its president in 1795. Although he was a great preacher, theologian, and administrator, his confidence and ready judgment earned him the dislike of some. V.L. Parrington said of him: "The great Timothy seems to a later generation to have been little more than a walking depository of the venerable Connecticut status quo." BAL 5040. Evans 18996. Sabin 21548. Wegelin 128.

 

FIDDES, Richard. A GENERAL TREATISE OF MORALITY. Form’d upon the Principles of Natural Reason Only. With a Preface in Answer to Two Essays Lately Published in the Fable of the Bees. And Some Incidental Remarks upon an Inquiry Concerning Virtue, by the Right Honourable Anthony Earl of Shaftsbury. London: for S. Billingsley, 1724. 8vo, (8), cxliv, 462, (2)pp. Contemp. calf, panelled in blind, red morocco label. Extremites worn, headcap chipped, signature to title page, several pen marks, still very good. $500. ¶ First Edition of Fiddes’s great contribution to the ethical argument raging between Bernard de Mandeville and Anthony, Earl of Shaftesbury. In Fable of the Bees , or Private Vices, Public Benefits (1714), Mandeville rejected the optimistic view of benevolent human nature put forward by Shaftesbury and argued that the mutual help on which society thrives is due to personal acquisitiveness and desire for luxury. In this General Treatise, Fiddes attacks Mandeville and defends Shaftesbury, who claimed that there is no conflict between the self-regarding and social affections because the individual’s own good is part and parcel of society’s good. Moreover, Shaftesbury insists that "moral sense" is man’s capacity to distinguish between good and bad actions. Fides furthers this argument, asserting that moral truth consists "in the contemplation of the moral perfections of the divine nature, the rule and model of perfection to all other intelligent beings." Richard Fiddes (1671-1725), divine and historian, is best rememered for the current work and his Life of Cardinal Wolsey, in which he attempted to vindicate Wolsey’s memory from the obloquy which continues to pursue it.

 

FIELDING, Henry. MISCELLANIES. London: A. Millar, 1743. 3 vols, 8vo, (4), xxvii, 354; (2), 420, (2); (10), 421pp. Contemp. mottled calf, ruled in gilt, red morocco label. Joints & spine ends worn, joints of vols I & II splitting, signature to all titles & endpapers of vol I only, otherwise very good, with the bookplate of James Irvine & writing identifying him as a portrait artist. With the signature of Paul Jordan Smith. $600. ¶ "Second Edition;" in fact a re-issue of the first edition sheets with new title-pages. After delivering subscribers’ copies of the first edition, Millar began advertising about 750 remaining sets at reduced prices, but some of these were still available five years later. For this "second edition," Millar removed the list of subscribers. Cross III, 309.

 

[FIELDING, Sarah]. THE ADVENTURES OF DAVID SIMPLE: Containing an Account of his Travels through the Cities of London and Westminster, in the Search of a Real Friend. London: A. Millar, 1744. 2 vols, 12mo, x, 278; (2), 322pp. Contemp. calf, edges worn, lacking front free endpaper, old ink nos. on versos of titles, otherwise very good. $1000. ¶ First Edition of the author’s first novel, a "moral romance" in which the two heroines make important points about the stifling of women’s intellect and the barriers against a gentlewoman’s earning her living. Sarah Fielding (1710-68) wrote little else of import and her work never achieved the success accorded to her brother Henry, though she was highly thought of by the literati of the time. A third volume appeared in 1753. Block p.74. Hardy 390. Tinker 1037. Not in Rothschild.

 

FLAVEL, John. NAVIGATION SPIRITUALIZED; Or a New Compass for Seamen, Consisting of XXXII Points… Newburyport, Mass.: printed by Edmund M. Blunt, 1796. 8vo, 159, (1, ads)pp. Contemp. speckled boards, calf spine, label worn away, boards rubbed, occasional foxing, still very good. $300. ¶ Second American and the first Blunt edition. First published in London in 1671, this best-seller remained in print for more than a century. Flavel (1630-1691), the non-conformist presbyterian divine, was a prolific writer of religious tracts who found himself nearly shipwrecked on a voyage to London. He suggests that this disaster was the source of this book of "pleasant observations, profitable applications, and serious reflections, all concluded with so many spiritual poems." Evans 30428. Sabin 24680.

 

[FRANKLIN, Benjamin]. AN HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE CONSTITUTION & GOVERNMENT OF PENSYLVANIA, FROM ITS ORIGIN; So far as regards the feveral Points of Controverfy, which have, from Time to Time, arisen Between the several Governors of that Province, & their several Assemblies. Founded on authentic Documents. London: R. Griffiths, 1759. 8vo, viii, (18), 444pp. Old brown calf, raised bands, joints cracked but sound, edges worn, lightly browned throughout, otherwise a very good copy. $1000. ¶ First Edition. This book has long been attributed to Franklin but was more likely written with his advice by Richard Jackson, his co-agent in London. Ford writes: "This was included by Duane and Mr. Sparks in their editions of Franklin’s writings, but the latter on discovering in Franklin’s letter to Hume a positive denial of the authorship of the work, cancelled his note and substituted in vol. X a new one, in which Franklin’s statement is accepted as final. In spite of this denial, however, I think this work must still be treated as from Franklin’s pen (though it is clear that he deemed himself free to deny it), for Franklin was at that time the only person in London who had the knowledge and material for such a book; he was the only person interested in the writing of it, and was indeed virtually sent to London for just such work; and he was the person who paid the cost of publicaiton, and distriubted the copies; but what is not conclusive is the statement of his son William (then in London) that ‘My father has been much occupied of late with putting together the materials for the work against the p––rs, but Mr. Ralph is engaged to see it through the press, as he does not wish to appear in the affiar.’ That Franklin did not succeed in this it is hardly necessary to state, for the Reviews all treat it as from his pen, and till Mr. Sparks printed the letter to Hume it was universally catalogued as by him." Howes P-204 stating Franklin "must have had a hand in it." Ford 253. Sabin 25512.

 

FRANKLIN, Benjamin. EXPERIMENTS AND OBSRVATIONS ON ELECTRICITY, Made at Philadelphia in America... to Which are Added, Letters and Papers on Philosophical Subjects. The Whole Corrected, Methodized, Improved, and Now First Collected into One Volume, and Illustrated with Copper Plates. London: David Henry, 1769. 4to, (2), iv, (2), 496, (16 index) pp, 7 engraved plates plus illus. in the text, with the half-title, advertisement, & errata. Contemp. full calf, armorial bookplate. Exceptionally nice copy. $9000. ¶ Fourth and most complete edition of this famous work, containing 53 further letters not in the first edition, including Observations on the Positive and Negative Electrical State of the Clouds, Franklin’s kite experiments proving that lightning and electricity are identical, and his invention of the lightning conductor, the important discovery of the course of storms over the North American continent and other meteorological subjects of almost equal importance. "English editions one, two, and three had been published carelessly... he edited the fourth edition in person (and) introduced footnotes... Other notes corrected faults of early ignorance. In some cases the actual text was revised... The most outstanding difference... is of course in content. The fourth and fifth editions were each more than twice as large as the first three" (I. Bernard Cohen, Benjamin Franklin’s Experiments). This edition was called rare by Zeitlinger in 1912. "The most important scientific book of eighteenth-century America" (PMM 199). Bakken Library p.60. Sparrow Milestones 69. Sabin 25506. Wheeler Gift 367b. Cf. Horblit 31a; & Dibner 57, citing the first edition of 1751-4.

 

FRANKLIN, Benjamin. POLITICAL, MISCELLANEOUS, AND PHILOSOPHICAL PIECES…Now First Collected, With Explanatory Plates, Notes, and an Index to the Whole. London: Printed for J. Johnson, 1779. 8vo, xi, (i), 567, (7)pp, engraved frontispiece portrait, 3 engraved plates & 1 folding table. Contemp. mottled calf, red morocco label, gilt tooled back. Lightly browned throughout, headcap worn. A very good copy $3000. ¶ First Edition. This collection of Franklin’s Papers was 3edited by Benjamin Vaughan, "who for many years was an intimate friend and correspondent of Franklin. The work is ably performed, many pieces being for the first time printed as Franklin’s; and contains valuable notes. But what gives special value to this collection is that it is the only edition of Franklin’s writlngs (other than his scientific), which was printed during his life time; was done with Franklin’s knowledge and consent, and contains an ‘errata’ made by him for it" (Ford). The collection contains scientific papers of Franklin on electricity, on the aurora borealis, and on a system of phonetic spelling; political papers on the settlement of the American West, on Indian affairs, and on the disputes with Britain and the Revolutionary War; plus miscellaneous papers on economies, The Way to Wealth, etc. Ford, Franklin Bibliography, 342. Howes F-330. Sabin 25565.

 

[FRANKLIN, Benjamin, typesetter]. William Wollaston. THE RELIGION OF NATURE DELINEATED. London: Printed by S. Palmer for B. Lintott, et al. 1725. 4to, 219pp, incl. woodcut vignette on title showing a printer in a tri-cornered hat at work at a press, 5 woodcut head- & tail-pieces and numerous initials. Contemporary paneled calf, amatuerly rebacked with calf, covers worn & chipped, ink provenance notes (the earliest dated 1858) on front endpapers, interior fine. $400. ¶ First Edition typeset by Franklin, and third edition of Wollaston’s principle work. Newly arrived in London from Philadelphia in 1724, Franklin found work in the printing establishment of Samuel Palmer. While there he worked as a compositor on the present work.It is interesting to note that Franklin was so moved to disagree with several of Wollaston’s points that he drafted a refutation, A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain, which appeared in London in 1725, one of his earliest publications. The last three lines in the book, beneath the errata are tempting to ascribe to Franklin himself: "These [errata] are such as were collected in haste, but there are more; primarily in respect of Greek and Hebrew letters, accents, points, &c. and perhaps things of greater importance: tho it is hoped only such as a reader may easily correct or will readily forgive." Campbell, Franklin Imprints, p.39. Curtis Collection p.40. See Ford pp. xv-xvii.

 

GARRICK, David. THE POETICAL WORKS OF… Now First Collected into Two Volumes. With Supplemental Notes. London: George Kearsley, 1785. 2 vols, 8vo, lvii, 224, 226-540, (3 adv.)pp. 19th century full tree calf, gilt lettering to red and green morocco spine labels, gilt dec. and orn. to spine, gilt tooled edges, a tight, clean, very good set. $250. ¶ First Edition of the collected poetry of the acclaimed British actor.

 

GIBBON, Edward. MISCELLANEOUS WORKS OF… with Memoirs of His Life and Writings, Composed by Himself: Illustrated from His Letters, with Occasional Notes and Narrative, by John Lord Sheffield. London: for A. Strahan…, 1796-1815. 3 vols, 4to, xxvi, 703, lacks frontispiece; viii, 726, (2, errata and publisher’s ad.); x, 691pp, lacks portrait and folding table. Half smooth calf over marbled boards, morocco label. Boards & joints rubbed, one joint just starting, vol III’s fly-leaf with notes in pen, previous owner’s bookplates, some marginal worming and minor foxing, very good. $350. ¶ First Edition of Gibbon’s assorted attempts at autobiography, pieced together by Lord Sheffield, including his famous letters, which reveal the single-mindedness he brought to his composition of the The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Among the many intimacies these letters and memoirs reveal, they exhibit in particular how personally he took H. E. Davies’s famous charges of plagiarism and how heartbroken he was to see his belle Suzanne Curchod leave him for Jacques Necker. "The massiveness of Gibbon’s intellect, the largeness of his grasp, his unfailing sense of literary proprtion, the fearless vigour of his historical conception,—all these are too great to be buried beneath affectation. He towers above all competitors as a giant among the pigmies" (Henry Craik). Norton 131.

 

GOLDSMITH, Oliver. THE VICAR OF WAKEFIELD. A Tale. London: Sammells & Ritchie, 1792. 2 vols in 1, 8vo, 215pp, 6 copper-plates after Stothard, engraved by J. Parker. Full brown polished calf, gilt spine, dentelles, glazed endpapers, t.e.g., , foot of spine chipped, otherwise a very good, uncut copy. $250. ¶ "Before the end of the eighteenth century there was published an edition of ‘The Vicar of Wakefield’ with illustrations by Stothard, which is, undoubtedly, the handsomest edition issued in that century of this tale. Copies are not common, especially in good states..."Temple Scott, Oliver Goldsmtih Bibliographicall and Biographically Considered, pp.182-3.

 

(Grammar). A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO GRAMMAR; For the Use of the Lower Forms, in the King’s School at Westminster. London: Printed for B. Barker, 1748. 12mo, 32, 60, (4), 78, (2)pp. Old calf worn, upper board nearly detached, ink notes to endpaper and title, a good copy. $375. ¶ Apparently the only edition. Not in OCLC.

 

GRASSINEAU, James. A MUSICAL DICTIONARY. Containing a Full Explanation of all the Terms made use of in the Historical, Theoretical, and Practical Parts of Music: Also Explanations of the Doctrines of Ancient Music, and Mathematical and Philosophical Inquiries into the Nature of Sound with regard to Intervals, Concords, and Discords: Together with A full Description of all the various Kinds of Musical Instruments (not contained in any other Dictionary). London: Printed for J. Robson, 1769. 8vo, xii, 347, (1), 52pp, illus., 4 engraved plates (3 folding). Later calf, spine gilt. Hinges worn, good. $375. ¶ New Edition, "to which is added an Appendix, selected from the Dictionnaire de Musique of M. Rousseau: Containing All the New Improvements in Music since the first Publication of this Dictionary." First published in 1740 (see Cordell B-205 under Sebastien de Brossard). "While Grassineau’s Dictionary awaits serious studies in textual criticism, it can be said to be the most important dictionary of music published in Britain until the translation of Rousseau’s. In 1769, after Grassineau’s death [in 1767], it was reissued with a separate appendix containing articles from Rousseau’s dictionary; the editor is unknown" (New Grove). OCLC records 5 copies.

 

GRAY, (Thomas). THE POEMS OF MR. GRAY. To Which are Prefixed Memoirs of His Life and Writings by W. Mason. York: A.Ward for J. Dodsley…& J. Todd, 1775. 2 parts in 1, 4to, (5), 416, 111, (1)pp, frontisportrait. Contemp. polished calf, wear to corners, morocco label, joints cracked but reliable, bookseller’s description tipped to paste-down, slight occasional foxing (moderate to title & frontisportrait), otherwise very good. Bookplate of Paul Jordan Smith. $500. ¶ First Edition. The fragmentary poems, "Ode on the Pleasure arising from Vicissitude," "Agrippina, a Tragedy," and the "Ethical Essay" were first printed here. The volume also includes "Epitaph on Richard West," "Epitaph on Sir William Williams," an ode, several Latin poems, the journal of a tour, and many letters, the first of Gray’s to be published. Northup p.2. Rothschild 1066 (later edition). Tinker 1168 (later edition).

 

GREENWOOD, James. THE LONDON VOCABULARY, English and Latin: Put into a New Method… Eighteenth Edition Corrected. London: Printed for J.F. and C. Rivington [et al.], 1782. 16mo, viii, 123, (1)pp, 26 wooducts in the text. Old marbled wrappers, title leaf loose, otherwise very good. $250. ¶ A popular school dictionary by the Surmaster of St Paul’s; the Latin vocabulary went through some 21 editions in the eighteenth century and was printed in America as late as 1816. Not in Cordell.

 

GUISCARD, [Antoine de, abbé de la Bourlie]. MEMOIRS OF THE MARQUIS DE GUISCARD. Or, an Account of his Secret Transactions in the Southern Provinces of France, particularly in Rouergue and the Cevennes, to Rescue the Nation from Slavery. London: B. Bragg, 1705. 8vo, (8), 56pp. Old full red morocco rebacked, wormhole in top margin not touching text, otherwise good $250. ¶ First Edition in English. A French edition was printed at Delft in the same year. This text precedes the tragic death of Bourlie, who had come to England after backing the failed insurrection of the Protestants in the Cevennes against Louis XIV. He was at first well received and Queen Anne gave him a handsome pension but, after accusations of spying were substantiated by examination of his papers, he engaged in swordplay with the Duke of Buckingham and another. Wounded, he was taken to Newgate Prison where he died — some say not of his wounds but of poison perhaps self-administered. NUC: 3 copies. Morgan H-192. Rothschild 1089.

 

[HARTLEY, David, 1732-1813]. THE STATE OF THE NATION with a preliminary Defence of the Budget. London: Almon, 1765. 4to, 40pp. Disbound, lacking title, browned, old library stamp. $35. ¶ A reply to Remarks on the Budget by Thomas Whately. Black 558 (2nd ed.). NUC lists several editions from the same year, all scarce.

 

HAYLEY, William. THE TRIUMPHS OF TEMPER: A Poem: in Six Cantos. The Sixth Edition, Corrected. London: T. Cadell, 1788. 12mo, xii, 162pp plus 7 engravings. Contemp. mottled calf, gilt back, very nice copy. $150. ¶ First Edition with Stothard’s engravings. The seven illustrations, engraved by Sharp, Heath and Neagle, are in particularly fine impressions. The twelfth edition of 1803 was illustrated by Blake; curiously, there were two rival thirteenth editions, one with the Stothard engravings and another with the Blake.

 

[HAYTER, Thomas]. AN ESSAY ON THE LIBERTY OF THE PRESS, Chiefly as it Respects Personal Slander. London: J. Raymond, [1755]. 8vo, (4), 47, (1)pp. Modern red cloth. Small hole in half-title, otherwise very good. $500. ¶ Second edition of a defence of the right of a free press as an outgrowth of the natural and constitutional right of free speech. Hayter (1702-1762), Bishop successively of Norwich and London, preceptor to the prince of Wales, also wrote Examination of a Book Printed by the Quakers, 1741. No stranger to controversy, Hayter was said by contemporary gossips, Walpole among them, to be the illegitimate son of Archbishop Blackburne of York. In particular, he became embroiled over his role as preceptor to the Royal princes, and for his support for the Jews’ Naturalisation Bill of 1753. McCoy H.165. Goldsmiths 9072 (1st ed. also 1755). Higgs 1065 (also 1st ed.).

 

[HILDROP, John and ?Jonathan Swift]. LETTER TO A MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, Containing a Proposal for Bringing in a Bill to Revise, Amend or Repeal Certain Obsolete Statutes, Commonly Called THE TEN COMMANDMENTS. London: R. Minors, 1738. 8vo, 61pp. 19th century half morocco over marbled boards, gilt lettering to red morocco spine label, very good. $150. ¶ Fourth edition. Originally issued in early 1738, the edition under notice was published later in the same year. "This tract, on its first appearance, was generally ascribed to Dean Swift. It is included in the second volume of Hildrop's Miscellaneous works, published by himself in 1754… [It is] a satire directed against the irreligion of the times" (Halkett & Laing III, 280). Hildrop, a divine, published a number of such essays, "written in a style unusually nervous, easy, and entertaining" (DNB).

 

[HILL, Sir John]. THE STORY OF ELIZABETH CANNING considered by Dr. Hill… London: Cooper, 1753. 8vo, 52pp. Stitched as issued, edges chipped, occasional foxing & browning, otherwise good. $200. ¶ Hill’s pamphlet is the best known of several critical responses to Fielding's summation of the famous trial A Clear State of the Case of Elizabeth Canning. The novelist Henry Fielding (1707-1754) handled the kidnapping case of Canning (1734-1773), one of the most intriguing cases of perjury in the history of the English law.

 

HOLCROFT, Thomas. DUPLICITY: A Comedy. As It Is Performed at the Theatre-Royal in Covent-Garden. London: G. Robinson, 1781. 8vo, vii, (2), 79, (1) as Epilogue pp. Later plain wrappers, good. $200. ¶ First Edition. Holcroft (1745-1809), by turns a stable boy, shoemaker, actor, and author, was largely self-educated, a fervent believer in self-improvement, and a militant atheist. He was an advanced Liberal in politics, and was one of the persons accused of high treason in 1794. Generally credited with the introduction of melodrama to the London stage, he is best known for his frequently revived play The Road To Ruin (1792). Not found in any of the standard references, including Lowe, the comedy under notice represents one his earliest efforts. Scarce in all editions.

 

HOLMES, Abiel. THE LIFE OF EZRA STILES, D.D. LL.D Boston: Printed by Thomas & Andrews, May, 1798. 8vo, 403, (1 as Index)pp, frontispiece. Contemporary quarter roan over patterned boards, gilt lettered spine, library labels, some foxing, offsets, rubbing to joints, extremities, overall a good, tight copy. $100. ¶ First Edition. Biography of Stiles (1727-95), well-respected Congregational clergyman and president of Yale College. Evans 33889. Sabin 32582

 

[HOME, Henry, Lord Kames]. ELEMENTS OF CRITICISM. The Fourth Edition. With Additions and Improvements. Edinburgh: A. Millar and T. Caddel, 1769. 2 vols, 8vo, xvi, 515, 534, (31), (1) blank, (2) as adv. pp. 19th century full calf, gilt lettered, blindstamped ornamentation and borders, bookplates, rubbing, otherwise tight internally clean, good+. $300. ¶ Fourth Edition of the original issue of 1762, which "treats of the fine arts, and attempts to form a standard of taste, by unfolding those principles that ought govern the taste of every individual" (from the Preface). Of this work, which went through at least eight English editions, 19th century American editions, an abridgement, and translation into German, Samuel Johnson stated, "this book is a pretty Essay, and deserves to be held in some estimation" ((Boswell, Life of Johnson, i. 393-4) though, in general, Boswell was not a fan of Lord Kames (1696-1782). Lowndes III, p.1251.

 

HOPKINS, Samuel (comp.). THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF MISS SUSANNA ANTHONY, Who Died, In Newport, (R.I.) June 23, MDCCXCI, In the Sixty Fifth Year of Her Age. Consisting Chiefly in Extracts from her Writings, With Some Brief Observations On Them. Worcester: Leonard Worcester, 1796. Sm 8vo, 193pp. Contemporary full calf, age-toning throughout, loss of head and tail caps, rubbing, joints weak but intact, lacks rear fly, overall fairly good. $250. ¶ True First Edition. Biography of the American 18th century Congregationalist. Scarce in all editions, this first edition extremely so.

 

HUBER, [Michel]. NOTICES GENERALES DES GRAVEURS DIVISES PAR NATIONS, et des Peintres Rangés par Ecoles… Dresden: Breitkopf, 1787. 8vo, xlviii, 710pp, engraved frontis. Contemp. calf rubbed, joints cracked, a very good copy. $300. ¶ First Edition of this catalogue of etchers and painters, arranged by country. Each section is prefaced with an historical overview. Huber (1727-1804), although born in Germany, spent most of his life in France translating various literary and artistic works, notably those of Gessner and Winckelmann. Bourcard p.81. Colin 18.

 

[HUDDESFORD, George] TOPSY TURVY: With Anecdotes and Observations Illustrative of Leading Characters in the Present Government of France… London: 1793. 8vo, (4), 64pp. With 2 engraved illustrations. Disbound, otherwise very good. $125. ¶ Third edition, augmented & revised of this attack in verse on France and its leading men, mainly the Jacobeans, by the satirical poet Huddesford (1749-1809), well known as editor of Salmagundi: a Miscellaneous Combination of Original Poetry. Lowndes p.1133. NCBEL II, p.660.

 

HUTCHINSON, Francis. AN HISTORICAL ESSAY CONCERNING WITCHCRAFT. With Observations Upon Matters of Fact; Tending To Clear the Texts of the Sacred Scriptures, and Confute the Vulgar Errors abouth that Point. And also Two Sermons: One in Proof of the Christian Religion; the Other Concerning the Good and Evil of Angels. London: Printed by R. Knaplock & D. Midwinter, 1718. 8vo, xv, (4), 270, (2 ads)pp. Contemp. panelled calf, rebacked, morocco spine labels. Light wear to corners, otherwise fine. $800. ¶ First Edition of an important study of famous witchcraft trials written from a strongly skeptical viewpoint. Hutchinson, with the publication of An Historical Essay ..., is credited as "the man who gave the coup-de-grace to the witch delusion in England." (Robbins Enclyclopedia of Witchcraft pp.233-234). He wrote the work in an answer to Richard Boulton’s A Compleat History of Magick... (1715) and succeeded in undermining the validity of his opposer’s belief in witchcraft. The work is especially valuable for its records of personal accounts by survivors. Hutchinson went on to be the Bishop of Down and Connor and published nineteen works in all not including his sermons.

 

JACOB, Giles. THE NEW LAW-DICTIONARY: Containing the Interpretation and Definition of Words and Terms used in the Law… London: W. Strahan M. Woodfall…, 1772. Folio, unpaginated, contemp. full calf, joints cracked but sound, slightly rubbed. $850. ¶ Ninth edition, corrected and enlarged by Owen Ruffhead and J. Morgan. Jacob’s (1686-1744) intention was to state the whole of the law, and produce a work far different from previous dictionaries. In this he was largely successful and Holdsworth called his work "an entirely new departure in legal history". It combines the virtues of a dictionary, an abridgment, and a vocabulary of Anglo-Saxon and Norman French. The first edition appeared in 1729. Not in Marke.

 

JACOB, Giles. THE NEW LAW-DICTIONARY: Containing the Interpretation and Definition of Words and Terms used in the Law… London: Printed by Henry Lintot…, 1750. Folio, unpaginated, contemp. full calf, joints cracked but sound, spine end worn. Good copy. $675. ¶ Sixth edition, with the Law Proceedings translated into English and numerous other additions. Jacob’s (1686-1744) intention was to state the whole of the law, and produce a work far different from previous dictionaries. In this he was largely successful and Holdsworth called his work "an entirely new departure in legal history". It combines the virtues of a dictionary, an abridgment, and a vocabulary of Anglo-Saxon and Norman French. The first edition appeared in 1729. Not in Marke.

 

JEFFRIES, David. A TREATISE ON DIAMONDS AND PEARLS. In Which Their Importance is Considered: and Plain Rules are Exhibited for Ascertaing the Value of Both: And the True Method of Manufacturing Diamonds. London: C. & J. Ackers for the Author, 1750. 8vo, (6), iv, (12 subscribers, 4 contents), 69, (3)pp, 30 engraved plates & tables. Full black morocco, gilt titling, blind borders front & back. A handsome copy. $2000. ¶ First Edition of the first book in English to describe how diamonds and pearls can be evaluated on the basis of weight and style of cut. 

"An esteemed work" (Lowndes). Sinkankas 3195

 

JONES, Edward of the Inner Temple. INDEX TO RECORDS CALLED, THE ORIGINALIA AND MEMORANDA on the Lord Treasurer’s Remembrancer Side of the Exchequer: Extracted from the Records, and from the Manuscripts of Mr. Tayleure, Mr. Madox and Mr. Chapman… containing all the Grants of Abbey Lands, and other property granted by the Crown, from the Beginning of the reign of henry VIII to the end of Queen Ann. Also, Inrollments of Charters, Grants, and Patents to several religious houses… With Pleadings and Proceedings relative to the Tenures and Estates of the Nobility and Gentry… London: for the Editor, 1793-95. 2 vols in 1, folio, unpaginated, c.500pp. 19th-century half red morocco, joints cracked but holding, bookplate. Good. $165. ¶ First Edition, with the leaves of subscribers and the half-titles. Edward Jones (fl.1771-1831) was a native Welshman who lived chiefly in London and liked to describe himself as "of the Inner Temple" though he was not, according to the records. He wrote under the name ned Mon and was prominent in the London Gwyneddigion Society, publishing both in Welsh and in English, and editing the works of Dafydd ab gwilym. With the exeption of the prefaces and the addenda, the entire work is in Latin.

 

JONES, John. THE MYSTERIES OF OPIUM REVEALED... London: Printed for Richard Smith, 1701. 8vo, (6), 371pp, one woodcut at p.133, lacking the folding chart. Contemp. calf, rebacked, moderate browning and staining throughout, otherwise very good. $1000. ¶ First Edition, second issue (the first is dated 1700) of one of the earliest investigations in English into the properties of opium, preceded only by Gideon Harvey's Discourse on Opium Diacodium (1696) and the English translation of Sala's Opiologia (1696). Jones’ treatise describes all aspects of opium, from cultivation and preparation, dosage, use and abuse, to the problem of addiction, for which he advises the use of wine as a substiute. At one point the author list "26 Seeming contradictions in the Effects of Opium." The folding chart cites no less than 25 different types of opium available in England in 1700. John Jones (1645-1709) practiced as a physician at Windsor, but was chancellor of the cathedral of Llandaff at the time he published Mysteries of Opium. He was also the author of two other medical treatises, and the inventor of an ingenious air clock. G-M 2070.1: "Includes the earliest English description of drug addiction, and withdrawal." Hunter & Macalpine p.665. Osler 3096, where Osler describes his copy of the 1700 issue as having the author’s MS. corrections and additions for the "2nd and more perfect and correct edition," which seems never to have been published. Waring II, 586. Royal College of Physicians Library Catalogue, p.665. Cf. Munk’s Roll, vol I, p.476. Phantastica 116.

 

[JONSON, Ben]. VOLPONE: Or, The Fox. A Comedy, First Acted in the Year 1605. By the King’s Majesty’s Servants. With the Allowance of the Master of Revels. The Author B.J. London: J. Walthoe, et al., 1732. 12mo, 96pp. Half red calf, marbled boards, edges scuffed. $175.

 

JOSEPHUS, Flavius. THE WORKS... Translated into English by Sir Roger L’Estrange... All Carefully Revis’d, and Compar’d with the Original Greek. To Which are added, Two Discourses, and Several Remarks and Observations upon Jospehus. Together with Maps, Scultpures, and Accurate Indexes. London: Richard Sare, 1702. Folio, Eng. title, (4), 18, 1129pp, 2 folding eng. maps, 1 eng. plate. Contemp. full calf, neatly rebacked preserving orig. label. With the large armorial bookplate of Charles Chomondley. An extraordinarily clean and bright copy. $1250. ¶ First Edition of L’Estrange’s translation. Flavius Josephus (37 A.D-100), Jewish general and one of the most controversial writers in the Judeo-Christian tradition, cunningly held out with his legion of Jewish soldiers in a Galilean fort for 47 days against the overwhelming Roman forces of Vespasian. When the fort was taken, he persuaded the 40 remaining stragglers that they should kill each other and cast lots to see who should be the last, the one who would kill himself. Josephus reports that he was the last, and that just as he was about to kill himself, he was captured by Vespasian’s forces. He prophecied that Vespasian would become emporer and thereby gained favor with the Roman imperial family, who supported him in his paradoxically pro-Roman and pro-Jewish writings.

 

KELHAM, Robert. A DICTIONARY OF THE NORMAN OR OLD FRENCH LANGUAGE…To Which are added the Laws of William the Conqueror. London: Edward Brooke, 1779. 8vo, viii, 259, (1), xii, 88pp. Full calf rebacked, leather spine label lettered in gilt. Edges and corners worn, armorial bookplates, ink signature, otherwise a very good tight copy. $1250. ¶ First Edition - rare, no copy in OCLC or in the Cordell Collection. Kelham (1717-1808), legal antiquary, wrote on Selden, Britton and on the Domesday book.

 

[La Combe de Vrigny, de]. TRAVELS THROUGH DENMARK AND SOME PARTS OF GERMANY: By Way of Journal in the Retinue of the English Envoy, in 1702. With Extracts of Several Laws, Relating to the Absolute Power of the King, Religion, and Civil Government of the Country: Including, The Military and Maritime State Thereof: The Whole Illustrated with Diverse Curious Remarks; and A Map of the Isle of Huen, &c. Done into English from the French Original. London: Printed for J. Taylor, 1707. 8vo, (8), folding map, 431, (1 ads)pp. Full panelled calf, rebacked with red spine label, raised bands, text clean, a very good copy. $675. ¶ First Edition in English of Relation en forme de journal d'un voyage fait en Danemarc (Rotterdam 1706), attributed to La Combe de Vrigny and sometimes to Baron de la Hontan. Cox 1707.

 

LEMPRIERE, William A TOUR FROM GIBRALTER TO TANGIER, Sallee, Mogodore, Santa Cruz, Tarudant; And Thence, Over Mount Atlas, To Morocco: Including A Particular Account Of The Royal Harem, &c. London: For the Author, 1791. 8vo, xl, 464pp, folding map. Half red morocco by Bennett, marbled boards, teg. Map browned, otherwise a fine copy. $600. ¶ First Edition. Lempriere (d.1834) entered the army medical service, went to Morocco to attend the emperor’s son in 1789 and attended the ladies of the harem. Among other matters, Lempriere discusses the Jews of Morocoo their habits, dress, etc. "His experiences in the harem were unique, as seldom was a European admitted to those precincts" (Cox I, 391). Gay, Afrique, 1253. Playfair, Morocco, 449.

 

LITTLETON, Adam. DR ADAM LITTLETON’S LATIN DICTIONARY, in Four Parts: I. An English-Latin. II. A Latin-Classical. III. A Latin-Proper. IV. A Latin-Barbarous... London: D. Brown... 1723. 4to, ca.2000pp, engraved frontispiece, but apprently lacking the 2 maps called for on the title. Old burlap over boards. Very good. $150. ¶ Fifth edition of one of the most famous Latin dictionaries. Starnes, Renaissance Dictionaries, devotes a chapter to Littleton’s Latin Dictionary.

 

[LIVERPOOL, Charles Jenkinson]. HAWKESBURY, Charles. A DISCOURSE ON THE CONDUCT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN In Respect to Neutral Nations… London: Debrett, 1794. 8vo, iv, 96pp. Disbound retaining front fly-leaf, title foxed, otherwise very good. $75. ¶ Expanded edition (first 1758) of a well known discourse defending British trade policy towards France & Holland in 1657, and also referring to the British & French trade policies towards America. Sabin I, p.258. See: Marke p.589.

 

[MADAN, Martin]. THELYPHTHORA; Or, A Treatise on Female Ruin, In Its Causes Effects, Consequences, Prevention, and Remedy; Considered on the Basis of the Divine Law: Under the Following Heads, viz. Marriage, Whoredom, and Fornication, Adultery, Polygamy, Divorce; With Many other Incidental Matters… In Two Volumes… London: J. Dodsley, 1780. 2 vols, 8vo, xxiv, 412; (4), 432, (20)pp. Contemp. calf, rehinged, biographical notes neatly penned to p.(vi), the errata page. Very good, with the armorial bookplate of David Steuart, the historian of the Highlanders. $850. ¶ First Edition of the most controversial work ever written about polygamy, which the author supports as a cure to the evil of prostitution, also known as "thelyphthora," or "ruination of women." Madan explains that polygamy is in accordance with Christianity, properly understood, and with Mosaic law. The work aroused such a storm of protest that Madan wrote a retaliatory response, retired from his chaplainship, and removed himself to private life.

Martin Madan (1726-1790), first a lawyer and then clergyman, was a close correspondent with John Wesley. As a youth, he was addicted to fast company and reckless fun. Attending a sermon by Wesley in order to learn to caricature his style, he was completely captivated and took orders shortly thereafter. Soon after receiving the chaplainship of Lock Hospital, London, which he held for thirty years, he fell into a bad way with the Wesleys because of his sympathy with the views Lady Huntingdon, whose circle of "genteel methodists was famous, and with George Whitefield. The first separate publication by the poet William Cowper, Madan’s cousin, was a satire of the present work. ESTC locate only two copies.

 

MAUNDEVILLE, John. THE VOIAGE AND TRAVAILE OF SIR JOHN MAUNDEVILLE. Which Treateth of the Way to Hierusalem; and of Marvayles of Inde, with Other Ilands and Countryes. London: J. Woodman and D. Lyon, 1725. 8vo, xvi, (8 contents), 384(7 index)pp + extra title printed in red & black (staned). A few early annotations, signature of Josh Wintor, disbound. $300. ¶ "Best English Ediiton"(Lowndes III, p.1463). The The text is from the Cottonian manuscript (Titus. C. XVI.) and was collated with several other early mss (in French, English and Latin) and four early printed editions. Quite scarce

 

(MENEÇAY, Sieur). MANIERE DE FAIRE DE L’OPIATE DE LONGUE VIE. Pau [France], 1766. Single leaf, 14 x 19mm, very good. $300. ¶ Advertisement for an opium preparation that will cure all ailments and foster a long life. Sieur Meneçay, the drugmaker and presumed author of this unusual advertisement, was the apothecary for the Jesuits of Pau.

 

MIRABEAU, [Honore Gabriel], Compte de. ON LETTRES DE CACHET, and State Prisons. Written in the Dungeon of the Castle of Vincennes... London: 1787. 8vo, viii, 338pp. Orig. boards, worn, backstrip lacking, front hinge weak, but a good, clean copy. $350. ¶ First Edition in English of an anonymous English translation of De Lettres de Cachet et des Prisons d’Etat, the celebrated attack on the French government by one of the chief pre-Revolutionary theorists and most eloquent political liberals.

This translation corresponds with the second volume of the original 1778 work in which Mirabeau exposes the outrageous nutritional, sanitary, psychological and intellectual cruelties practiced in French political prisons, always laying the responsibility squarely in front of Louis XVI. Lettre de cachet was the term for letters sealed with the king’s privy seal directing imprisonment or exile without trial of the persons named. Mirabeau’s father more than once had him imprisoned by means of these letters; indeed, while imprisoned at Vincennes, Mirabeau studied and wrote several essays on politics and economcis, including the present work. Rare, not in Cioranescu, Halkett/Laing, Quérard. Not in BMC or NUC.

 

(Molière). [MILLER, James]. THE MOTHER-IN-LAW: Or, the Doctor the Disease. A Comedy. As it is Acted by the Company of Comedians of His Majesty’s Revels, at the New Theatre in the Hay-Market. London: for J. Watts, 1734. 8vo, (8), 87, (2), 7 (ads)pp. Some spots of browning. Marbled wrappers. $125. ¶ First Edition of a scarce play, based on Molière’s La malade imaginaire and Monsieur de Pourceaugnac. James Miller (1706-44), playwright and rector of Compton Valence, repeatedly made enemies with his plays, to the point that his sole source of income was the Church. His famous attack on Robert Walpole in his pamphlet "Are these things so?" also brought him trouble. Not in NUC.

 

OVID [Publius Ovidius Naso]. OVID’S THE ART OF LOVE. In Three Books. Together With His Remedy of Love. Translated Into English Verse by Several Eminent Hands. To Which are Added, The Court of Love, A Tale From Chaucer. And The History of Love. The Second Edition. Adorn’d With Cutts. London; Printed for J.T[onson]., 1716. 8vo, 482pp. Full mottled calf, blocked in blind, mod. edgewear, joints cracked yet stable, wear to headbands, backstrip cracked, foxing throughout, a few neat page repairs, bookplate, otherwise good. With the bookplate of Los Angeles litterateur Paul Jordan Smith. $225. ¶ John Dreyden’s translation of Books I and II, and William Congreve’s of Book III of The Art of Love, along with Poet Laureate Nahum Tate’s for The Remedy of Love. Includes Ovid’s Art of Beauty (translator unidentified) and Charles Hopkins’ History of Love. A Poem in a Letter to a Lady (1709). Chaucer’s Court of Love is from the Canterbury Tales. First issued in 1712 by W. Innys and frequently reprinted, all editions are scarce. Cf. Brueggemann p. 622.

 

(Paine). [BOWLES, John]. A PROTEST AGAINST T. PAINE’S "RIGHTS OF MAN:" Addressed to the Members of a Book Society, in Consequence of the Vote of Thier Committee for Including the Above Work in a List of New Publications Resolved to be Purchased for the Use of the Society. London: for T. Longman…, 1792. 8vo, xiv, 38pp. Stiff tan paper boards over cloth shelfback, stabholes through gutters of paper. Boards sun-stained & lightly soiled, right upper front corner bumped, extremities lightly worn, "one shilling" on title page crossed out & replaced with "6 p," corner of last page torn out with consequence to 5 lines of text, unopened. A very good copy. $100 ¶ Fourth edition, with corrections and additions, of this acrimonious booklet by the pamphleteer John Bowles (1751-1819). NUC notes only 3 copies.

 

(Parliament). THE LAWS AND ACTS MADE IN THE FIRST PARLIAMENT OF… JAMES VII…By his Grace William Duke of Qeensberry… [with 15 more titles] Edinburgh: Robert Freebairn…, 1731 12mo, 875pp. Contemp. calf boards, modern calf rebacking, spine gilt. Boards rubbed, corners worn, occasional marginal browning, very good. $300. ¶ First Edition (?) of this collection of Parliamentary acts, covering all sessions of Parliament during the reigns of James II, William and Mary, and Anne. The compilers of these acts were mostly Jacobites themselves.

 

[PEACOCK, Lucy]. THE ADVENTURES OF THE SIX PRINCESSES OF BABYLON, in Their Travels to the Temple of Virtue. An Allegory. Dedicated, by Permission, to Her Royal Highness the Princess Mary. Third Edition, Revised & Improved by the author. London: T. Hookham, 1790. 12mo, viii, 180pp. Contemp. calf, gilt back. Very nice copy $250. ¶ Little is known of the enterprising Lucy Peacock who kept a bookshop in Oxford Street and wrote tales for children, for the most part anonymously. Peacock published this, her first book, in 1785 while still in her teens and it became something of a best-seller in its day. She also edited The Juvenile Magazine, one of the first periodicals for children. See Osborne 286/7 & Muir p.97. This edition not in NUC.

 

PENNECUIK, Alexander. AN HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF THE BLUE BLANKET; OR CRAFTS-MENS BANNER: containing the Fundamental Principles of the Good-Town; with the Powers and Prerogatives of the Crafts of Edinburgh… Edinburgh: John Mosman, 1722. Sm. 8vo, (10), x, 140pp. Red half morocco, marbled boards, title-page soiled and frayed, some leaves cropped, library-stamp. A good copy. $375. ¶ First Edition. This account of the crafts of Edinburgh is considered a monument in the history of trade unions. Pennecuik (d.1730) was a merchant with poetic ambitions. This rare work is of interest in the history of freemasonry. NCBEL II, 1977.

 

(PERCY, Thomas). FIVE PIECES OF RUNIC POETRY Translated fromt he Islandic Language. London: R. and J. Dodsley, 1763. 8vo, xvi, 99, (1)pp. Finely rebound in half-calf, marbled boards, gilt lettered on red spine label, exterior fine, interior very good, with light browning. $500. ¶ First Edition. Bishop Thomas Percy (1729-1811) was in the forefront of 18th century Britain’s fascination with the distant European past, and was responsible for refuting the common scholarly opinion of the age that the ancient Germans, Gauls, Brits and Saxons were the same people. The present volume represents the first translation of any Icelandic-Eddic literature into English. Farrar & Evans, English Translations from Medieval Sources 2086. NCBEL II, 242. Allibone’s II, p.1561.

 

PERSIUS - Thomas Sheridan, trans. THE SATYRS OF PERSIUS. Translated into English by Thomas Sheridan, D.D. London: A. Millar, 1739. 12mo, x, 101, (1 ads)pp. Modern marbled wrappers, some staining. $125. ¶ Sheridan’s translation, with facing Latin text, includes his notes together with those of previous editors. The stoic satirist Persius Flaccus (AD 34-62) was much read in antiquity and the Middle Ages but his bizarre mix of cryptic allusions, brash colloquialisms, and forced imagery create a surreal reading. Persius himself said his work has "the taste of bitten nails." "In a translation of Persius’s so-called Satires probably the most that can be done is to produce a readable expression of the ideas, with such occasional plays on words or ingenious equvalents of phrase as luck may bring the translator"(Lathrop). Dryden attempted the task in 1693 and Donne is said to have emulated something of the style.

 

[PITT, William]. AN AUTHENTIC COPY OF MR. PITT'S LETTER TO HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES, with His Answer. London: Stockdale, 1789. 8vo, 12, (4)pp. Disbound, otherwise very good. $100. ¶ A rare pamphlet by the great English statesman William Pitt (1759-1806) regarding the king’s illness. Not in Black or Kress. Not in NUC.

 

[PLINIUS CAESILIUS SECONDUS, Caius.]. Pliny the Younger. THE LETTERS OF PLINY THE CONSUL: With Occasional Remarks. By William Melmoth. London: J. Dodsley, 1786. 2vols, 8vo, (8), 368, 322, (6 index)pp. 19th century full tree calf, gilt lettering to red morocco spine label, gilt orn. and dec. spine, bookplates, tight, clean, a very good set. $250. ¶ Eighth Edition, Revised and Corrected. The finest translation of Pliny yet to be rendered, considered a classic in its own right. "Mr. Melmoth is one of the most elegant English writers, and his version of Pliny has shown, what was never before imagined possible, that translations may equal the force and beauty of the originals" (Monthly Review, Nov. 1752, p.338). ¶ This set the gift of Frank B. Kellogg to Hubert Ward, with a typed letter, signed, by Kellogg tipped-in to fpep. Kellogg was the special attorney the United States government engaged to pursue its massive anti-monopoly suit against Rockefeller’s Standard Oil. Kellogg succeeded, and Standard Oil was broken up. Brueggemann p701. Cf Smith p.255-56.

 

[POPE, Alexander]. THE DUNCIAD, Variorum. With the Prolegomena of Scriblerus. London: Printed for A. Dod.[Pope], 1729. 4to, (2), 16, (2), 29, (3), 118, cxix-cxxiv, (2)pp, engraved vignette to t-p.. Contemporary full tree calf, gilt lettering to original black morocco spine label on later rebacked spine, neatly repaired corners, typical crackling to tree calf, some rubbing, otherwise internally clean, nearly very good. $850. ¶ First Complete Edition of the First Three Books of Pope’s classic satire, the edition of March 13, 1729 published anonymously by Pope with titlepage engraving featuring an ass eating thistles, carrying books and journals in a pannier with an owl perched atop. The greatest unprovoked assault on a series of contemporaries in literary history, The Dunciad’s airy, graceful malice, monumental wit, brilliance and irony have made it the acknowledged masterpiece of English satire. Quite scarce. Wise pp.47-48. Foxon P771; Griffith, p.211

 

PYTHAGORAS. THE GOLDEN VERSES…Translated from the Greek by N.Rowe, Esq. With a Poem on the late Glorious Successes, &c. And an Ode for the New-Years MDCCXVI. London: J. Tonson, 1732. 12mo, 36pp disbound. Very good. $100. ¶ Second Edition. Foxon R288.

 

(Quakers). GRIFFITH, John. A JOURNAL OF THE LIFE, TRAVELS, AND LABOURS IN THE WORK OF THE MINISTRY. [bound with] SOME BRIEF REMARKS Upon Sundry Important Subjects, Necessary to be Understood and Attended to by All Professing the Christian Religion. Principally Addressed to the People Called Quakers by…[same printer], 1781. London: Printed: Philadelphia: Reprinted by Joseph Crukshank, 1780. 8vo, iv, 426, (8), 112pp. Contemporary full calf, raised bands, contemporary owner’s inscription to ffep, stains to t-p through first few leaves, age-toning throughout, some wear, overall a tight, good copy. $200. ¶ First American Edition. The journal of English Quaker minister, born in Wales in 1713, brought up in Pennsylvania from the age of 13, returning to England in 1747 before going back to settle his affairs in America, then back to England to live in Essex, includes valuable information on his travels through the North and Mid-Atlantic states as well as England. Includes Quaker doctrines, discussion of Quaker meetings, etc., with his account of his capture by privateers on the high seas. An interesting American Revolutionary War imprint. Smith I, 871. Sabin 28825. Evans 16793.

 

QUINCY, John. PHARMACOPOEIA OFFICINALIS & EXTEMPORANEA. Or, Compleat English Dispensatory, in Four Parts… London: A. Bell, W. Taylor, J. Osborn, 1719. 8vo, xvi, 618, (54)pp. Contemp. blind-panelled boards, expertly rebacked, red morocco label. Extensive notes to endpapers, very good. $400. ¶ Second Edition of this once popular and esteemed dispensatory, containing a complete account of the day’s materia medica. Many of the therapeutics which Quincy suggests were long popular.Several pages are devoted to the properties and employment of opium, including a discussion of its effect on Maniacks. John Qunicy (d.1722) apprenticed to an apothecary before practicing medicine on his own. He translated Nathaniel Hodges’ famous book on the Great Plague of 1665 and was a brutal critic of Woodward. Waller 7712 (later ed.). Not in Waring.

 

RIMIUS, Henry. A CANDID NARRATIVE OF THE RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE HERRNHUTERS… London: A. Linde, 1753. 8vo, (6), 139, (1), xxxviii, (2)pp. Full calf antique, a.e.g, slight foxing on the first leaves, library-stamp on title, a very good copy. $225. ¶ Probably the first account to be published in England on the Moravian Sect or Unitas Fratrum, their doctrines, dogmas and writings. Originally founded in the 15th century, the sect had a revival in the 18th century in Saxony, where Count Nicolas Ludwig von Zinzendorf permitted remaining members to form a little community at Herrnhut and later became a dedicated member himself. Added is a collection of Moravian hymns. The book is dedicated to the Archbishop of Canterbury.

 

(Robert Devyll). ROBERTE THE DEVYLL, A Metrical Romance from an Ancient Illuminated Manuscript [edited by J. Herbert]. London: Egerton, Clarke & G. Barrett, 1798. 8vo, vii, 49pp, frontis. & 13 plates, apparently copied from 16th-cent. originals. Contemp. boards, light browning and some foxing; some offset from plates, topmost inch of front free endpaper defective. $200. ¶ The romance of Robert the Devil, probably based on the life of Robert I of Normandy (d.1035), father of William the Conqueror, tells of a knight born to noble parents as a result of prayers to the Devil. His early life was one of extraordinary wickedness and violence until he decided to do penance. This penance consisted of playing court fool to the Emperor of Rome, delivering him three times from the Saracens, and being awarded the hand of his daughter. This English version of the legend follows in general the Wykyn de Worde edition of 1510. Lowndes 2102. Hazlitt I, 510.

 

(Satire). ATHENÆ REDIVIVÆ: or the New ATHENIAN ORACLE… Vol. I, Part I.… London: Larkin, 1704. 8vo, (4), 39pp. Disbound, edges browned, small stain on title, otherwise very good. $75. ¶ The first issue of a short-lived periodical, possibly issued by the noted bookseller John Dunton as a sequel to the Athenian Gazette. The composition is a satire of contemporary morals and politics in the guise of questions traditionally directed at the Athenian Oracle. Not in Halkett & Laing or Foxon. Not in BL under title or periodicals. NUC: Yale (numbers 1-6 only).

 

SEWEL, William. THE HISTORY OF RISE, INCREASE, AND PROGRESS OF THE CHRISTIAN PEOPLE CALLED QUAKERS: Intermixed with Several Remarkable Occurrences. Written Originally in Low-Ductch... Third Edition. Philadelphia: Samuel Keimer, 1728. 4to, (12), 694 , (16 index)pp. Contemp. panelled calf, rebacked, gilt morocco label, new endpapers. Signature of Rachel Hudson on flyleaf and of Sarah Moore on title-page. Lightly browning. Very good with first and last blanks intact. $8500. ¶ First American Edition, and the first printing production of Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. The principal work of the Quaker historian, the History was first published in Dutch in 1717 and followed by English translations printed in London in 1722 & 1725. Franklin had opened his printing office in the spring of 1728 and Keimer, in order to speed along the publication of this work, farmed out the last third to Franklin, who printed pp.533 through 694, and the index. And, as Franklin had been employed by Keimer during 1827 and until he set up on his own, he probably also worked on the part which Keimer printed. Curtis Collection p.41. Evans 3104. Hildeburn, A Century of Printing, 350. Miller 1.

 

SHAKESPEARE, William. ANTONY & CLEOPATRA, A Tragedy. London: J. Tonson..., 1734. 12mo, 95, (1)pp, engraved frontispiece by Foudrinier. Wrappers. Very good. $200. ¶ With an interesting Advertisement against R. Walker’s piratical editions of Shakespeare’s Plays by W. Chetwood, Prompter at the Theatre Royal. Jaggard p.283. Lowndes p.2274.

 

SHAKESPEARE, William. OTHELLO, The Moor of Venice; a Tragedy, As it hath been Divers times Acted at the Globe, and at the Black-Friers: And now at the Theatere Royal, by Her Majesties Servants. Written by W. Shakespear. London: Printed for R. Wellington, 1705. 4to, (4), 75, (1)pp. Early 20th cent. half calf, marbled boards, red morocco label. Ex libris of Walter Brindley Slater. Old signature of a John Chambers on title, title stained, light staining and edge wear throughout. Very good. $3250. ¶ Seventh edition; with the leaf of ads & Dramatis Personae. Barlett & Pollard, Census, pp.78-79. Jaggard p.422. Lowndes pp.2291.

 

SHAKESPEARE, William. THE LIFE AND DEATH OF KING LEAR. London: J. Tonson..., 1734. 12mo, 91, (1 ad), engraved frontis. by Lud. du Guernier. Wrappers. Very good. $200. ¶ Jaggard p.363. Lowndes pp.2285.

 

SHAKESPEARE, William. THE LIFE AND DEATH OF THOMAS LORD CROMWELL. A Tragedy. By Shakespeare. London: Printed by R. Walker, 1734. 12mo, 48pp incl. engraved frontispiece. Modern boards with morocco label. Very good. $125. ¶ One of the seven "Doubtful Plays" of Shakespeare that were first added to the third folio in 1664.

 

SHAKESPEARE, William. THE TRADGEDY OF MACBETH. To Which are added, All the Original Songs. Never Printed in any of the former Editions. London: J. Tonson..., 1734. 12mo, 68, (4)pp, engraved frontis. Wrappers. Very good. $300. ¶ Apparently the first edition with the songs. The earliest thus noted by Lowndes is 1750. Not in Jaggard.

 

SMITH, Edmund. PHAEDRA AND HIPPOLITUS, A Tragedy. Edinburgh: A. Donaldson, 1760. 12mo, 71pp. Disbound, good. $150. ¶ Originally issued in 1707, the only dramatic work by the dissolute Edmund ('Rag') Smith, who drank himself to death in 1710. Adapted from Racine's Phedre, it was not successful in Smith's lifetime, but much admired and reprinted later in the century. The prologue is by Joseph Addison, in which he condemns the taste for foreign operas, recommends 'Our Home-spun Authors' and asks the audience 'To bear, for once, with what you understand'. In a later Spectator essay Addison lamented Smith's lack of success: "Would one think it possible (at a Time when an Authour lived that was able to write Phaedra and Hippolitus) for a People to be so stupidly fond of Italian Opera, as scarce to give a Third Days Hearing to that admirable Tragedy." Scarce.

 

[STANHOPE, James, first earl] A MEMORIAL SENT FROM LONDON by the late Earl Stanhope, to the Abbot Vertot at Paris… with the Abbot Vertot’s Answer. London: W. Taylor, J. Pemberton, & E. Symon, 1721. 8vo, 32pp. Modern quarter green morocco, backstrip lettered in gilt, title soiled, otherwise very good, uncut. $125. ¶ First Edition. Stanhope (1673-1721), prominent Whig and General whose capture in Spain ended his army career, remained in politics and was quite influential. This work seems to be his last publication. It was his son Philip Dormer, fourth earl of Chesterfield, who wrote the famous series of letters to his son.

 

STEELE, Richard, ed. POETICAL MISCELLANIES, Consisting of Original Poems and Translations by the Best Hands. London: Jacob Tonson, MDDCXIV [i.e. 1714]. 8vo, (16), 318pp, frontis. Contemp. calf, recently rebacked with gilt title and rules, marbled endpapers; rubber stamp & signature to title, light even browning, otherwise very good. $650. ¶ First Edition, including three poems by Alexander Pope not previously printed: "The Wife of Bath’s Prologue," "Prologue Designed for M.D–’s last play," and "The Arrival of Ulysses in Ithaca." Several pieces by Gay, as well as Parnell’s famous "Homer’s Battle of Frogs and Mice with the Remarks of Zoilus," also make their first appearance in print. This is the first issue of the Poetical Miscellanies, with a six-page table of contents and an impossible imprint date. In the second issue the Table is condensed to four pages and the date is corrected to MDCCXIV. Case 279. Wise, A Pope Library, p.11 (inaccurately guessing that this is the second edition).

 

[STERNE, Laurence]. A SENTIMENTAL JOURNEY THROUGH FRANCE AND ITALY.

By Mr. Yorick. London: T. Becket and P.A. DeHondt, 1768. 2 vols, xx, 203; (4), 208pp. Contemporary speckled calf, boards doubled-ruled in gilt, gilt red morocco labels, board edges gilt, vol. II expertly rehinged, a very good & bright set in a cloth clamshell box. $1875. ¶ First Edition, a very handsome set with the half-titles. As in the Rothschild set, volume I has "vous" on pp.150, l.12 and volume II has "who have" on p.133, last line. Ashley V, p.206. Cross p. 603. Rothschild 1971. Grolier, English 100, no.54.

 

(Sterne, Laurence). FERRIAR, John. ILLUSTRATIONS OF STERNE: With Other Essays and Verses. London: for Cadell & Davies by George Nicholson, 1798. 12mo, iii-viii, 314, (1, ads)pp. Full calf, expertly rebacked, preserving original label. Barest of marginal darkening to title, a very good copy. $350. ¶ First London Edition, published in the same year in Manchester, of the first book-length criticism of Sterne. Ferriar’s best known work, Illustrations traces Sterne’s obligations to the old French novelists, especially Rabelais, and to Burton’s Anatomy of Melancholy. John Ferriar (1761-1815) was gaining wide repute as a writer of miscellany until, as a physician of the Manchester Infirmary at the time of an epidemic fever, he became internationally known for his efforts to draw authorities’ attention to sanitary laws. An ardent bibliophile, he is credited with coining the word "bibliomania" in a poem he wrote in 1809. With the bookplate of Burton scholar Paul Jordan Smith. Cf. Cross I, p.129, note.

 

STOTHARD, Thomas SHAKESPEARE’S SEVEN AGES OF MAN ILLUSTRATED. London: W. Bromley [printed by C. Whittingham], 1799. Folio, ii, 14pp. text. 7 full-page engraved plates. Half calf, leather label on front cover, gilt, a.e.g. A fine copy. $500. ¶ First Edition. Thomas Stothard, R.A. (1755-1834), English book illustrator & painter, drew designs for almost the whole range of English literature, notably Shakespeare, Fielding, Smollett, Sterne, & Milton. He was one of the early illustrators of Scott & Byron and his friend William Blake engraved many of his designs. Stothard was also friends with Flaxman, whose neo-classical influuence can be seen in some of his work. mWhile not highly regarded as a painter in his lifetime, Stothard achieved a position second to none as a book illustrator. Through a study of nature & the older artists he achieved a superb style of his own, excelling in pathos & the rendering of womanly grace. This title is not mentioned in the list of Stothard’s works books in Hammelmann, "Book Illustrators in Eighteenth Century England." Jaggard p.287.

 

STUKELEY, William. STONEHENGE A Temple Restor’d to the British Druids. London: Printed for W. Innys and R. Manby, 1740. [bound with] ABURY, a Temple of the British Druids, with Some Others, Described. Wherein is a more particular account of the first and patriarchal religion; and of the peopling the British Islands. London: Printed for the Author: and sold by W. Innys, R. Manby…., 1743. 2 vols in one, folio, frontispiece & 75 plates (several 9 folding). 19th century half black morocco, marbled boards, light edge wear, some borwning and spotting, otherwise very good. $1000. ¶ First Edition of this first significant work on Stonehenge, envisioned as part of a series entitled Patriarchal Christianity: or, A Chronological History of the Origen and Progress of true Religion, and of Idolatory, inspired by the author’s researches into stone circles throughout Britain. Stukeley gives detailed physical descriptions of Stonehenge, its surroundings and artefacts found in excavations. He attempts to establish its date, traces the origins of the ancient Britons and the druids, and examines the latter’s religious practices, concluding that they descended from Phoenicians and were "of Abraham’s religion intirely". Believing the druids used magnetic compasses in aligning Stonehenge, Stukeley calculates magnetic variation over time and arrives at a construction of approximately 460BC.

An eccentric antiquary and parson, Stukeley (1687-1765), FRS, and one-time physician, was a close friend of Sir Isaac Newton when young. Renowned for his unusual opinions and unconventional behaviour, he was a freemason and "archdruid," described by one of his closest friends, Warburton, Bishop of Gloucester, as learned and honest, though a strange mixture of "simplicity, drollery, absurdity, ingenuity, superstition and antiquarianism" (Nichols, Literary Anecdotes II, 60). See Stuart Piggott, Wm Stukely, an Eighteenth Century Antiquary, 1950.

 

[SWIFT, Jonathan]. A COMPLETE COLLECTION OF GENTEEL AND INGENIOUS CONVERSATION, According to the Most Polite Mode and Method Now Used in Court, and in the Best Companies of England. In Three Dialogues. By Simon Wagstaff. London: B. Motte & C. Bathurst, 1738. 8vo, (1 ad), (2), lxxxvi, (2), 215, (1 ad)pp. Old calf rebacked, gilt label, armorial bookplates of C. DuBois Wagstaff and another, very good. $1250 ¶ First Edition, first issue (with Neptune ornament as headpiece on p.[1], the first page of the introduction). Swift wrote to Pope in 1732 that he had begun collecting material for this work in 1704; it is thus one of his earliest-conceived and longest-maturing works. Teerink 761.

 

(Swift, Jonathan). SWIFT, Deane. AN ESSAY UPON THE LIFE, WRITINGS, AND CHARACTER, OF DR. JONATHAN SWIFT… To Which is Added, That Sketch of Dr. Swift’s Lie, written by the Doctor himself, which was lately presented by the Author of this Essay to the University of Dublin. London: for Charles Bathurst, 1755. 8vo, (4), 376, 52pp. Quarter calf, marbled boards, gilt tooled label and spine rules. Library stamp of the London Library (cancelled). Very good copy with the half-title but without final errata or ads. $650. ¶ First Edition of the first biography of Swift. Written by Deane Swift, the father of Theophilus Swift and cousin of Jonathan, the work treats the great satirist’s relations to his contemporaries. Included in the text are unpublished letters from Swift, a good deal of material by others of his circle, and also the first printing of "A Dialogue between an eminent Lawyer and Dr. Swift… being an allusion to the first Satire of the second book of Horace. [sic] Sunt quibus in satyra," which appeared as a separate printing in 1729 (Teerink 1624). Teerink 1345. Rothschild 1989.

 

TAYLOR, John. THE OLD, OLD, VERY OLD MAN; Or the Age and Long Life of Thomas Parr… London: T. Cooper, [ca. 1700]. 8vo, viii, 20pp. Cloth, lettered in gilt. Edges variously cut, bookplate & inscription to Paul Jordan Smith on front endpapers, writing & bookseller’s description on back endpaper, still very good. $1250. ¶ Third and expanded edition of this celebrated poem on the centrarian Thomas Parr (1483?-1635), who is said to have gone into military service in 1500 and to have done penance for incontinence at the age of 105. The Earl of Arundel exhibited him at court in the last year of his life. The poem, the chief source of information on Parr, is in the typical whimsical, rollicking verse of John Taylor (1578?-1653), the eccentric "water poet" who travelled from London to Queensborough in a brown-paper boat. Cf. STC 23781 for the first edition of 1635; not in Wing.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas. A DISSERTATION ON THE ELEUSINIAN AND BACCHIC MYSTERIES. Amsterdam: J. Weitstein, [i.e. London, printer unknown, 1790]. 8vo, iv, 184pp. Signature of J.Nichols (the printer?) on first page of text. Disbound (in library binder), very light browning. Very good, scarcely trimmed copy. $450. ¶ First Edition, rare. "Of all Taylor’s essays this remains the one whose value is least impaired by time. It remains unsurpassed as an expostion of mythological themes in the context of the philosophy with which they are traditionally and integrally associated" (Raine & Harper p.344). In speaking of a reprint of this rare work, Bernard Quaritch said that the thanks of all schloars are due therefore by the aid of this little volume, the philosophic reader will be enabled to form a more correct idea of the true end and design of those celberated mysteries than he could possibly hope to derive from any other source." Balch p.6. Lowndes 2598 (giving 1791). Mellon 160. Raine & Harper p.524. Simon, Bib. Gastronomnica 509 (under title).

 

THEOPHRASTUS. HISTORY OF STONES. With an English Version and Notes, Including the Modern History of the Gems Described by that Author; and of many other of the Native Fossils. To Which are Added, Two Letters: I: On the Colours of the the Sapphire and Turquoise. II. Upon the Effects of Different Menstruums on Copper. The Second Edition, Enlarged by the Additions of aGreek Index of all the Words in Theoprhastus. Also Observations on the New Swedish Acid… by Sir John Hill. London: Printed for the Author, 1774 $ ¶ This famous text on gems was written in 315 by the great Greek philosopher and naturalist, Theophrastus, a disciple of Plato and Aristotle, and author of the famous "Characters." In it, Theophrastus continued Plato’s theoretical classification, adapted by Aristotle. The body of the work consists of a systematic discussion of stones and minerals found around the Mediterranean. One finds the first mention of combustible minerals (bitumen), as well as interesting facts about the pearl, the manufacture of white lead, the preparation of pigments and the use of touchstones in the analysis of minerals. Certain descriptions, however, should be considered with prudence: such as the stone which "brings about pregnancy," and is created by the solidification of sea foam, or lynx stone, created by the urine of that animal. "…the first methodical study of mineralogy and the only one before Agricol’s in the sixteenth century that considers mineral substances for themselves rather than for their curative or magical properties" (DSB). This work "may be claimed as the earliest essay in Petrography" (Geikie p.16). Includes the valuabe notes of Sir John Hill which first appeared in the English translation of 1746. Geology Emerging 2167. Cf. Hoover Collection 784.

 

(THOMAS, Isaiah). EVERETT, David. COMMON SENSE IN DISHABILLE: OR, THE FARMER’S MONITOR. Containing a Variety of Familiar Essays, On Subjects Moral & Economical. To Which is Added, A Perpetual Calendar, Or Economical Almanac. Worcester: Isaiah Thomas, 1799. 16mo, 120pp. Rebound in cloth backed patterned boards, black spine label, gilt lettered, mod. foxing throughout, otherwise a very good copy. $250. ¶ First Separate Edition. Much of the content of the present volume originally appeared in the periodical Farmer’s Weekly Museum. Isaiah Thomas (1749-1831), the first printer in Worcester, Mass., the leading publisher of his day, founder of the American Anquitarian Society, historian of the press, and master printer, was reknowned for his typography, the popularity of his publications, and the importance of the books he published. Nichols 385. Evans 35454. Sabin 280.

 

[TICKELL, Richard]. LA CASSETTE VERTE DE MONSIEUR DE SARTINE, Trouvée chez Mademoiselle du Thé. Cinquième Edition revue et corrigée sur celles de Leipsic et d’Amsterdam. The Hague [i.e. London]: la Veuve Whiskerfield, 1779. 8vo, (4) 71pp, stitched as issued. A very good copy, uncut in orig. state. $400. ¶ First Edition, no earlier printing in French recorded. This famous political and bibliographical hoax on the French interest in a successful American Revolution includes spurious letters from Ben Franklin and numerous other amusing American references. The text purports to be the secret papers found in a dispatch box belongint to M. de Sartine, French Minister of Marine, which exposed the motives of the French government in aiding the US and ssatirize Franklin’s activities in Paris and the English sympathizers of the cause. Tickell (1751-1793) was a political satirist and dramatist of considerable talent; Sheridan was his brother-in-law. After his first wife’s death he remarried badly and committed suicide shortly thereafter. Butterfield (in the bibliography appended to his edition of Anticipation, pp.85-97) erroneously states the English edition preceded. Adams, The American Controversy, 79-107a. Ford, Franklin Bib. 975. Gay-Lemonnyer I, 488. Sabin 96793.

 

VANBRUGH, John & [Colley] Cibber. THE PROVOK’D HUSBAND; Or, A Journey to London. A Comedy, As it is Acted at the Threatre-Royal, by His Majesty’s Servants. London: J. Watts, 1728. 8vo, (12), 99, (2 epilogue +3 ads)pp. Old boards. Very good. $450. ¶ First Edition. Vanbrugh’s drama, The Journey to London, was left incomplete at his death and Cibber recast and rewrote the fragments. The result has long remained a great favorite "in spite of the fact theat Cibber’s verbal ineptitutdes both in his preface and in the dialogue caused considerable mirth among critics."

 

(Voltaire). [HILL, Aaron]. THE TRAGEDY OF ZARA. As It Is Acted at the Theatre-Royal, in Drury-Lane, by His Majesty’s Servants. London: J. Watts, 1736. 8vo, (14), 69, (2 as Epilogue), (1 as adv.)pp, frontispiece, head and tail pieces, dec. inits. Rebound in beige cloth, gilt lettered spine, internally very good, externally fine. $300. ¶ ?First Edition. A translation into English and adaptation by Aaron Hill of Voltaire's "Zaïre," with a Prologue by Colley Cibber. First performed in January, 1736, this is one of two editions published in the same year and, secondary to the printer’s errors, likely the first though it is by no means certain. Hill (1685-1750), was satirized by Pope in The Dunciad (1728), wrote the libretto for Handel’s Rinaldo, translated two other of Voltaire’s plays, Alzire, ou les Américains as Alzira, and Meropé, and wrote several successful plays of his own including the oft revived farce The Walking Statue; or, the Devil in the Wine Cellar (1710). Colley Cibber (1671-1757), was an actor and playwright who joint-managed Drury Lane and was also savagely ridiculed by Pope, as well as Dr. Johnson and Henry Fielding for his tactlessness, rude behavior, and conceit. No matter, he was appointed Poet Laureate in 1730. Pages 50-51, 54-55, 58-59, 62-63 incorrectly numbered 66-67, 70-71, 74-75, 78-79, respectively; signature E2 incorrectly signed H2. Not in the standard references. Scarce.

 

WALKER, J. A DICTIONARY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. London: Printed for T. Becket, 1775. 12mo, unpaginated, approximately 1000pp. Old calf, leather spine label, rehinged, a very good copy. $1250. ¶ First Edition of Walker’s first dictionary, dedicated to David Garrick, for "early opportunities of observing [his] pronunciation on stage." Not in the Cordell Colleciton and no copy in OCLC.

 

WALTER, Johannis Gottlieb. OBSERVATIONES ANATOMICAE. Historia Monstri Bicorporis Duobus Capitibus, Tribus Pedibus, Pectore Pelvique Concreti. Curae Renovatae de Anastomosi Tubulorum Lactiferorum Mammae Muliebris. Concrementa Terrestria. Venae Capitis et Colli. Berolini: Gottlieb Augustum Lange, 1775. Folio, (8), 88, 13 engraved plates, 2 folding. Contemporary boards, loss at spine head and tail, wear to backstrip, edges, some toning, occasional foxing, otherwise a tight, fairly good copy. $1750. ¶ First Edition. Walter (1734-1818), a skilled anatomist and dissectionist, held the chair of anatomy at Frankfort am Main, and founded a huge anatomical museum. "The present work deals with developmental anomalies, such as cojoined twins, supernumerary limbs, and abnormalities in blood vessels and viscera" (Eimas). With 4 engravings not called for by Eimas. Heirs of Hippocrates 1015. Blake p.480. G-M cites Walter’s Krankheiten des Bauchfells for the description of peritonitis.

 

WHATLEY, Robert. A LETTER TO THE LORDS AND COMMONS OF GREAT BRITAIN in Parliament Assembled; Containing, A State of the Cause between the Right Honourable Sir Robert Walpole and Mr. Whatley, as It now lies at issue… London: the Author, 1742. 8vo, (2), 53, (4)pp. Modern brown quarter morocco, backstrip lettered in gilt, a fine well-margined copy. $125. ¶ First Edition. Whatley here presents his case against Walpole, based on an old agreement between their families to maintain mutually beneficial sinecures, which practice Walpole dropped to the detriment of Whatley.

 

WHITE, Charles. A TREATISE ON THE MANAGEMENT OF PREGNANT AND LYING-IN WOMEN. And the Means of Curing, but More Especially of Preventing the Principal Disorders to Which They are Liable. Together with Some New Directions Concerning the Delivery of the Child and Placenta in Natural Births. Illustrated with Cases. London: Printed for Edward and Charles Dilly, 1773. 8vo, xx, 353, (1)pp, 2 plates. Contemp. calf, morocco label, expert repair to foot of spine. Expertly recased, browning to margins of title, a very good copy. $1500. ¶ First Edition, inscribed by the author, of "a classic work in aseptic midwifery… [by] an important precursor of Semmelweis" (Hagelin). "White was the first writer on obstetrics since Hippocrates to make a significant contribution to the solution of the etiology and prevention of purerperal fever. He stressed the resorptive characteristic of the disease, pointing out that the lochia often became foul when retained in the uterus, and introduced the method of uterine drainage by having his patients assume a sitting position shortly after delivery (for this practice, he used a bed with adjustable back-rest, illustrated in one of the plates of the Treatise). White was also the first to relate puerperal fever to uncleanliness, and insisted on the necessity for absolute cleanliness in the delivery room, the isolation of infected patients and proper ventilation. His Treatise enjoyed a wide circulation, going through three more English editions as well as an American one, and appearing in both French and German translations" (Norman 2232). Born in Manchester, Charles White (1728-1813) studied at Edinburg and London, where he fell under the influence of John and William Hunter. At the early age of 24 he became a founder of the celebrated Manchester Infirmary (1752) and served as its chief surgeon until 1790. At the same time he founded the Lying-in Charity Hospital (now St. Mary’s). Cushing W164. Garrison-Morton 6270. Hagelin pp.126-7. Heirs of Hippocrates 981.Waller 10268. Cf. Cutter & Viets, pp.100-105 (illustrating both plates), Graham pp.378-84 & Speert p.291.

 

WHITE, [Rev.] Gilbert. A NATURALIST’S CALENDAR, With Observations in Various Branches of Natural History; Extracted From the Papers of the Late…Never Before Published. London: Printed for B. and J. White, 1795. 8vo, iv, [5]-170, (6)pp, 1 hand-colored plate. 19th century quarter cloth over patterned boards, paper spine label, untrimmed, wear to boards, otherwise a near very good copy. $650. ¶ First Edition. The British naturalist and "man of genius" (Martin), Gilbert White (1720-1793) spent much of his time in the quiet study of his beloved subject, nature. The substance of White’s calendar observations, made during his many years of country walks, was originally incorporated into his reknowned Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne, 1789. At his death, his manuscripts and notes became the property of his brother, the bookseller and publisher, Benjamin White, and in 1795 Dr. J. Aiken, a fellow naturalist, "prepared and extracted therefrom the Naturalist’s Calendar which White had prepared, and added thereto from White’s papers a selection of ‘Observations on Various Parts of Nature’" (Martin). "From its depth of observation, and the diversity of subjects dealt with, the minute details which characterize the observations, and the well-reasoned conclusions to which the author arrives, it could not fail, even now, to make a lasting impression on the natural history literature of the day" (Martin). Rare. Martin, Bibliography of Gilbert White, p.98.

 

WYCHERLEY, William. THE COUNTRY WIFE. A Comedy, As it is Acted at the Threatre-Royal. London: Benjamin Motte, 1731. 12mo, 106, (2)pp. Lacking half-title but with final leaf with epilogue by Mrs. Knep & ads, & a final blank. Half red calf calf, marbled boards. Lightly browned $300. ¶ First published in 1675. John Palmer called The Country Wife "the most perfect farce in English dramatic literature - a whirlwind of inspired buffoonery." Allardyce Nicoll wrote that it is "a bright and glorious farce, while others have called in "one of the coarsest plays in the English language." cf. Pforzheimer 1098.

 

YATES, William & Charles MacLean. A VIEW OF EHE [i.e. THE] SCIENCE OF LIFE; On the Principles Established in the Elements of Medicine, of the Late Celebrated John Brown, M.D.… to Which is Subjoined, A Treatise on the Action of Mercury upon Living Bodies, and its Application for the Cure of Diseases of Indirect Debility. And a Dissertation on the Source of Epidemic and Pestilential Diseases… by Charles MacLean Philadelphia: Whitehall, 1797. 8vo, (8), ivpp, pp.17-232, individual title-pages before each section. Old marbled boards, rebacked. Extremities worn, occasional light discoloration, a very good uncut copy. $300. ¶ First American edition, with contents same as true first edition published in Calcutta in the same year. In the initial, principle work, Yates (fl. 1797) and Maclean, doctors at the General Hospital in Calcutta, advocate the Brunonian system of medicine, founded by John Brown (1735-1788) and somewhat later promulgated by Benjamin Rush in America. Brown held that living tissues were "excitable," that life itself was "non-existent, except as a resultant of the action of external stimuli upon an organized body. Diseases are then ‘sthenic’ or ‘asthenic,’" and "the essentials of diagnosis are simply whether a disease… is sthenic or asthenic… and the treatment consists in either stimulating or depressing the given condition" (Garrison, pp.314-5). Brown also discouraged blood-letting, which had taken a hold of medicine in the 18th century and was particularly utilized by Rush in treating yellow fever. In their jointly written tract, Yates and Maclean describe patients whose fevers, hepatitis, typhus, and dysentery is cured with Brunonian methods. In the second treatise, Maclean demonstrates, in Brunonian fashion, that mercury produces "no other effect upon living bodies, than to increase or diminish the power, with which they perform their proper functions; — in other words, to increase or diminish their excitement." In the last treatise, Maclean argues, in correction of Rush, that plagues are due not to contagion, but to "atmospheric vicissitudes." The topic of epidemics had become important in 1793, when yellow fever vitiated Philadelphia’s population. Austin 2099. Blake p.497. Evans 33254. Waring II, p.476. Not in Norman, Osler, or Waller.

 

(YOUNG, Edwards). THE CENTAUR NOT FABULOUS, In Six Letters to a Friend, on the Life in Vogue, the Second Edition, Corrected. London: A. Millar & R, & J. Dodsley, 1755. 8vo, xvi, 384pp, frontispiece. Armorial bookplate. Attractively rebound cloth backed marbled boards. $60. ¶ Second edition. Johnson noted that "with all his defects [Young] was a man of genius and a poet." He is particularly remembered for his gift for epigram. Straus p.356.

 

ZIMMERMANN, Dr J[ohann]. G[eorg]. ESSAY ON NATIONAL PRIDE. To Which Are Added Memoirs of the Author’s Life and Writings. Translated From the Original German of the late Celebrated…By Samuel Hull Wilcocke. London: Printed for C. Dilly, 1797. 8vo, xl, 260, (23 as index)pp. Full mottled calf, red morocco spine label, gilt lettered, ex library, front joint starting, foxing to first and last few leaves, some loss at spine head and tail, otherwise a good copy. $150. ¶ First Edition, second (most desirable) English translation. Johann Georg Zimmermann was trained as a medical doctor; in 1768 he was appointed "His Britannic Majesty’s Physician" at Göttingen. He was later physician to Frederich II of Prussia, and after the death of "The Great" wrote two books concerning him. He was best known, however, as a popularizer of current philosophical and ethical ideas. Originally published in German in 1758 under the title Von dem Nationalstolze, the present volume, written during the Seven Years War, concerns patriotism and well argues a distinction between true and false national pride. A prior unauthorized English translation, issued in 1771, was rejected by Zimmermann; highly inaccurate, Zimmermann considered the translator "not only an ignorant fellow but a cheat" (Preface). Given current events, a most appropriate theme for study. Scarce. Lowndes p.3025.

 

ZIMMERMANN, [Johann Georg von]. SOLITUDE Considered with Respect to its Influence upon the Mind and the Heart, Written Originally in German by M. Zimmermann... Translated from the French by J.B. Mercier. The Second Edition. London: C. Dilly, 1791. 8vo, (4), vii, (1), 380pp. Half calf, red morocco label, marbled boards rubbed, joints weak, edges scuffed, overall very good. $125. ¶ An English translation of Zimmermann's popular Über die Einsamkeit (1784). A successful physician, appointed in 1768 "His Britannic Majesty's Physician," Zimmermann (1728-95) was known as a popularizer of current philosophical ideas. In this work he discusses the edifying aspects of solitude. NUC lists UC Berkeley only.