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HEALTH & VEGETARIANISM

ADDISON, William. ENGLISH SPAS. London: Batsford, [1951]. 8vo, viii, 152pp, color frontispiece & several other plates. Orig. cloth, backstrip faded, otherwise very good. $20. ¶ First Edition. A work entertaining and historical on the social aspects of taking the waters.

 

ADDISON, William. ENGLISH SPAS. London: Batsford, [1951]. 8vo, viii, 152pp, color frontispiece & several other plates. Orig. cloth, dust jacket. Very good. $35. ¶ First Edition. A work entertaining and historical on the social aspects of taking the waters.

 

(Anti-Vivisectionist Periodical). THE A-V. Philadelphia, 1962-1972. $40. ¶ The official organ of the American Anti-Vivisection Society. Includes volume LXX, numbers 6-7; volume LXXI, number 6; volume LXXII, numbers 3-4, 6, 8; volume LXXIII, number 7; volume LXXV, number 3; volume LXXVII, number 10; volume LXXVIII, numbers 2, 9-10; volume LXXIX, numbers 1-2, 9; LXXX, numbers 1, 3, 5, 7.

 

ARMSTRONG, John. THE ART OF PRESERVING HEALTH. A Poem. London: A. Millar, 1754. 8vo, (2), 100pp. [Bound with] WHITEHEAD, [Paul]. SATIRES. Viz. I. Manners… II. The State Dunces…III. Honour. Islington, 1748. 52pp. [and with] [Anon.]. SOBER ADVICE FROM HORACE, To the Young Gentleman about Town. As Delivered in His Second Sermon. Imitated in the Manner of Mr. Pope. London: for T. Sewell, 1755. 24pp. Modern boards, paper label, slight browning to title-page of first item, contemp. hand has filled in printer’s abbreviations of names in third title, very good. $150. ¶ Early edition of the first title. "In 1744 appeared the ‘Art of Preserving Health,’ a didactic poem in four books, which sprang at once into popularity, and has passed through several editions down to our own day. In the class of poetry to which it belongs, the ‘Art of Preserving Health’ holds a distinguished place. No writer of the eighteenth century had so masterful a grasp of blank verse as is shown in parts of this poem. The powerful passage descriptive of the plague (Book III) has been highly praised. As in all didactic poetry, the practical directions are of little interest; but those who value austere imagination and weighty diction cannot afford to neglect Armstrong’s masterpiece" (DNB). A friend of John Wilkes and Henry Fuseli and a physician to the British army in Germany during the Seven Years War, John Armstrong (1709-1779) achieved prominence in medicine before gaining notoriety for attacking his friend John Wilkes and fame for writing this famous poem. cf. Foxon A296; Hayward 168; Rothschild 56; Williams p.33.

First collected edition of the second title, a collection of satires by Paul Whitehead (1710-1744), including "Manners," "State Dunces," a satire in heroic couplets critical of Pope and Walpole, and "Honour," Whitehead’s last political satire, first published a year earlier, in 1747. In "Honour," Liberty is introduced as following Virtue in quitting the shores of Britain, unless specially detained by ‘Stanhope’ (e.g. Chesterfield). Foxon W411. The last title, Sober Advice from Horace, also a satire, may also be the work of Whitehead. It could not be located in NUC.

 

ASHBY, Henry. FOOD: QUANTITY-QUALITY-COOKING-HOURS. [N.p., ca. 1880]. 12mo, pp.15-26, disbound. $20. ¶ The author, physician to the Hospital for Sick Children, Manchester, offers advice on what to eat and how to prepare and cook food, accompanied by charts and tables.

 

BAUER, Julius. DIE KONSTITUTIONELLE DISPOSITION ZU INNEREN KRANHEITEN. Berlin: Julius Springer, 1917. 8vo, x, 586, (4 ads)pp. Orig. printed wrappers. General wear, very good. $100. ¶ First Edition of one of the classics of "constitution therapy." "With the World War, the doctrine of the Constitution took a sudden leap forward, and was further helped out by the development of Mendelian reasoning (genetics) and of endocrinology. Consideration of the soldier as a whole, and of vast outdoor clinics of men en masse, tended to revive the general pathology of Hippocrates… The constitution came to be seen as the summation of inherited traits which are basic in resistance, susceptibility and predisposition to disease.… The subject has now an immense literature, including… the treatises of Bauer (1917) and Halban-Seitz" (Garrison pp.678-9).

 

[CARON, Auguste]. MANUEL DE SANTÉ et d’economie domestique ou Exposé des Découvertes modernes…suivi d’Observations, de Recherches et de Procédés utiles à toutes les classes de la Société; Recueillis par A.C.D. Paris: A.B. Debray, 1805. 12mo, 288pp. Paste-paper boards, calf spine, red morocco label, vellum corners. Slight external soiling, slight occasional foxing, very good. $250. ¶ First Edition, a general guide to hygienic practices, including household hints on nutrition and wine and food preservation. Barbier III, 40 (cites 1806 imprint, possibly an error). Quérard, Supercheries I, 175. NUC cites one copy (CtY-M) of this edition and one copy of the 1810 reprint (DNLM).

 

[CHEYNE?]. MEDICINA FLAGELLATA: or, the Doctor Scarify’d. Laying open the Vices of the Faculty, the Insignificancy of a great Part of their Materia Medica; with certain Rules to discern the true Physician from the Emperick, and the Useful Medicine from the Noxious and Trading Physick. With an Essay on Health, or the Power of a Regimen. To which is added, a Discovery of some Remarkable Errors in the late Writings on the Plague… with some useful and necessary Rules to be observed in the Time of that Contagious Distemper. London: J. Bateman & J. Nicks, 1721. 8vo, xiv, "214" (i.e. 224)pp. Contemp. calf rebacked, retaining orig. endpapers, modern red label, bookplate, a very good copy. $475. ¶ First Edition, author unknown but sometimes attributed to Dr Che(y)ne. A substantial work on quackery, with much information on the plague; also included is a diatribe against apothecaries, especially in regard to the way they prepare medicines and the prices they charge, with general maxims for health founded on the principle of moderation and sobriety, and concluding with details on cleanliness and good diet as major contributors to good health. Blake p.297.

 

CLARK, James. THE SANATIVE INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE: With an Account of the Best Places of Resort for Invalids in England, the South of Europe & etc. London: John Murray, 1841. 8vo, xxvii, (1), 377, (3). (4, ads)pp. Contemp. cloth, blindstamped, library stamps of Medical Society of London. $100. ¶ Third and best edition of one of the earliest English books on the effects of climate on health. This text deals with consumption and disorders of the digestive organs, delineating how they are positively or negatively influenced by specific climates and describing the climates of the major European summer residences. A table of climates is added. James Clark (1788-1870) developed an interest in meteorology when shipwrecked several times in the Caribbean as a naval officer; his studies on the Gulf Stream stem from that period. In 1818 Clark accompanied a phthisical patient to Switzerland and accumulated observations on the healing effects of certain climates. He later settled down as a physician, gaining considerable influence as the doctor of Prince Leopold, the later King of Belgium, the Duchess of Kent, and Prince Albert. The text was first published in 1820 and followed by a similar book, The Influence of Climate in the Prevention and Cure of Chronic Diseases (1829). Wellcome II, 353, noting the second ed. NUC: 4 copies.

 

COBDEN-SANDERSON, Annie. HOW I BECAME A VEGETARIAN. [Los Angeles: Press of the Pegacycle Lady, 1983]. Sm. 8vo, 98)pp. Linen backed boards, á la Doves. Fine. $50. ¶ One of 100 copies, printed by Wm Dailey on Hayle handmade paper. This essay was originally printed in 1908 by T. J. Cobden-Sanderson at the Doves Press in London. There was no statement of limitation in the colophon, but only a few copies were printed. Daughter of Richard Cobden the politician, Annie was married to Thomas James Cobden-Sanderson (1840-1922), bookbinder, founder of the Doves Press, and key figure in the Arts & Crafts movement.

 

COCCHI, Antonio. DEL VITTO PITAGORICO per uso dellsa medicina. Discourso. Florence: Francesco Moück e, 1743. 8vo, 84pp, title in red & black with engraved vignette of Pythagoras, extremely generous margins, fine historiated initial letter, tailpiece. Stiched wrappers. Light wear to spine, contemp. signature to title, endpaper & p.13 rubber-stamped, otherwise fine. $1250. ¶ First Edition of one of the earliest works to advocate a vegetarian diet. Written as a paean to Pythagoras and a proof of the efficacy of his diet, the work’s purpose is to show "that the first founder of the vegetable regimen was at once a very great physicist and a very great physician… His motive in commending and introducing the new mode of living was derived not from any extravagant superstition, but from the desire to improve the health and the morals of men." The work is of particular interest because the author quotes the firm opinion of Bachstrom (Observationes circa scorbutum, 1734) that scurvy is caused by the absence of fresh vegetables in the diet. Cocchi cites this lack of vegetables as the primary cause of the plague at Athens in 430 B.C. and as a participating cause in all subsequent plagues. He condemns dried fruits and eggs and recommends milk and honey.

Born to a family of Tuscan doctors, Antonio Cocchi (1695-1758) took a European tour while completing his scientifc studies. While abroad, he accompanied Lord Hastings, who picked him for his knowledge of English, to London, where he became friendly with Newton and Boërhaave, with whom he corresponded until the end of their lives. Upon his return to Italy, he was appointed professor of medicince at Pisa and of anatomy at Florence, but he was consulted on many topics: he was picked by Francis I as the court antiquarian, he helped found Florence’s famous botanical society, he drew up regulations forthe hospital in Florence, and his report on tuberculosis convinced Tuscan authorities to forbid the sale or exportation of anything belonging to consumptives without proper disinfection. He was a fervent vegetarian and wasroficient in many languages. He wrote as his first publication a translation of the Greek novel by Xenophon of Ephesus, The Loves of Anthias and Abrocoma and later prepared the first manuscript of Benevenuto Cellini’s Vita Then followed the medical, anatomical, and scientific works which made him famous. After the publication of Lind’s Treatise in 1753, Cocchi edited a new edition of Bachstrom’s book (1757). Vicaire 185. Wellcome II, 362. Westbury 48. Cf. Castiglioni p.645. Not in Garrison-Morton, Osler, Cushing; Waller lists French translation only.

 

COCCHI, Antonio. THE PYTHAGOREAN DIET OF VEGETABLES ONLY, Conducive to the Preservation of Health, And the Cure of Diseases. A Discourse delivered at Florence, in the Month of August, 1743. Translated from the Italian. London: R. Dodsley, 1745. Sm. 8vo, (4), 91pp, with an engraved vignette of Pythagoras on the title-page. Modern tree calf, ruled in gilt, expertly rebacked with new endpapers, gilt morocco label to spine. Slightest dustsoiling to title, slight occasional foxing & penciled notes, very good. In a silk-lined cloth slipcase. $1000. ¶ First Edition in English of the celebrated treatise focusing on the Pythagorean diet and one of the earliest books to advocate a vegetarian diet. Written as a paean to Pythagoras and a history of the efficacy of his diet, the work’s purpose is to show "that the first founder of the vegetable regimen was at once a very great physicist and a very great physician… His motive in commending and introducing the new mode of living was derived not from any extravagant superstition, but from the desire to improve the health and the morals of men." The author cites this lack of vegetables as the primary cause of plague in Athens in 430 and as a contributing cause of all subsequent plagues. Most importantly, the work quotes Bachstrom’s opinion (Observationes circa scorbutum, 1734), that scurvy was caused by the absence of fresh vegetables in the diet. The topic interested Cocchi so much that, in light of Lind’s Treatise (1753), he published a new edition of Bachstrom (1757) at the end of his life.

Born to a family of Tuscan doctors, Antonio Cocchi (1695-1758) took a European tour while completing his scientifc studies. While abroad, he accompanied Lord Hastings, who picked him for his knowledge of English, to London, where he became friendly with Newton and Boërhaave, with whom he corresponded until the end of their lives. Upon his return to Italy, he was appointed professor of medicince at Pisa and of anatomy at Florence, but he was consulted on many topics: he was picked by Francis I as the court antiquarian, he helped found Florence’s famous botanical society, he drew up regulations forthe hospital in Florence, and his report on tuberculosis convinced Tuscan authorities to forbid the sale or exportation of anything belonging to consumptives without proper disinfection. He was a fervent vegetarian, and his work on Pythagoras quotes the firm opinion of Bachstrom (1734) that scurvy is caused by insufficient eating of vegetables. Proficient in many languages, he wrote as his first publication a translation of the Greek novel by Xenophon of Ephesus, The Loves of Anthias and Abrocoma. Then followed the medical, anatomical, and scientific works which made him famous.Wellcome III, p.362. Blake p.91. McLean p.29. Oxford p.76. Straus p.328 Not in Simon or Bitting; Vicaire 185 cites the Italian edition only.

 

COOMBS, J. THE ENCHANTRESS, A Temperance Allegory. [N.p., n.d, ca. 1900]. 12mo, 33pp, chipped, but still good. $35. ¶ A short poem on temperance.

 

COOPER, Lenna Frances. THE NEW COOKERY. Battle Creek, Mich.: Modern Medicine Publishing, 1923. 8vo, 449pp, frontispiece & 7 plates. Orig. gray cloth, quite worn, otherwise very good. $20. ¶ Seventh edition, compiled by the chief dietician at the Battle Creek Sanitorium.

 

DESPARD, L.L. TEXT-BOOK OF MASSAGE. London: Oxford University Press, 1911. 8vo, xix, 290pp. Blue cloth, gilt lettered, ruled borders, corners bumped, light wear, otherwise very good. $40. ¶ First Edition of a fine text on the subject with, as Palmer in Lessons On Massage, extensive devotion to anatomy and physiology, and body systems. Of note is an entire chapter on electrical methods in conjunction with massage, as well as chapters on massage for diseases of the nerves, bandaging, massage for insomnia. Rare.

 

DIERBACH, Johnann Heinrich. FLORA APICIANA. Ein Beitrag zur näheren Kenntniß der Nahrungsmittel der alten Römer; mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die Bücher des Caelius Apicius de Opsoniis et Condimentis sive Arte Coquinaria. Heidelberg: Neue akademische Buchhandlung von Karl Goos, 1831. 8vo, viii, 76, (4, ads)pp. Orig. printed wrappers Text detached, light browning & foxing, otherwise very good. $250. ¶ First Edition, a marvelous treatment of the Roman diet, focusing on Roman consumption of vegetables, herbs and spices, and their sources, as well as on the works of the Roman epicure, Marcus Gavius Apicius. Vicaire p.277

 

FARNSWORTH, Dr F.F. DOCTOR TERRELL INVESTIGATES AND OTHER WRITINGS. Charleston: Tribune Printing, 1920. 8vo, 73pp. Green cloth, gilt lettered, light wear, a few small spots, otherwise very good. $60. ¶ First Edition, signed by Farnsworth, a surgeon for the U.S. Public Health Service in West Virginia. In this mystery story, Farnsworth offers his ideas on venereal disease, defective children, and the new health movement of the era.

 

FORWARD, Charles W. BUTCHERS’ MEAT, and Its Effects upon the Human Body. London: Denny & Thompson, 1923. 8vo, 120pp. Orig. pictorial wrappers. Slight external wear, very good. $50. ¶ First Edition. The author treats the deleterious effect of meat on different systems of the human body.

 

FUNK, Casimir. DIE VITAMINE Ihre Bedeutung fur die Physiologie und Patholgie mit Besonderer Berucksichtigung der Avitaminosen (Beriberi, Skorbut, Pellagra, Rachitis) Wiesbade: J.F. Bergmann, 1914. 8vo, viii, 193pp, 238 illus in the text plus 2 color plates. Later marbled boards, cloth backstrip, paper label, library stamp on title and on rectos of color plates, light soiling to title, otherwise very good. $750. ¶ First Edition. The eminent Polish biochemist Funk coined the term vitamin (for vital amine) and discovered thiamine, the first vitamin to be isolated. In examining the link between nutrional deficiency and disease in this work Funk opened the door for many advances in therapeutic and preventive medicine. "A pioneer work in the study of vitamins. Much of the previous literature is reviewed. Funk introduced the term ‘vitamine.’ later changed to Vitamin. In 1912 he postulated his theory of the existence of unknown but essential factors in diet" (G-M 1051). Heirs of Hippocrates 2322 citing the 1922 second edition. Cushing F375. Lilly p.263.

 

FURNIVALL, Frederick J. (ed.). EARLY ENGLISH MEALS AND MANNERS: John Russell’s Boke of Nurture, Wynkyn de Wirde’s Boke of Keruynge, The Boke of Curtasye, R. Weste’s Booke of Demeanor, Seager’s Schoole of Vertue… Detroit: Singing Tree Press, 1969. 8vo, c, 388pp, 16 b&w plates. Navy blue cloth, silver lettered on stamped red spine label, near fine. $100. ¶ Facsimile of the Trubner first edition of 1868. Scarce in all editions. Cf. Bitting p.172.

 

GAMGEE, Arthur. FOOD & BODILY ENERGY. [N.p., ca. 1880]. 12mo, 111-126pp, disbound. $10. ¶ A lecture on dietetics extracted from an unidentified volume.

 

[GARDETON, César]. DE L’ABSTINENCE DES ALIMENS, Ou du jeune, du carême et du maigre, sous le rapport de la santé. Paris: Guilleminet, 1821. 8vo, (2, ads), xvi, 274pp. Paste-paper wrappers, label. Wrapper repaired, spine & label quite worn, light foxing throughout, otherwise very good. $300. ¶ First Edition, a general treatise on fasting. Gardeton (1786-1831), a physician and author of Bibliographie musicale de la France, discusses the physiological benefits of the practice. He also addresses vegetarianism, which he considers natural for some but viable only when adopted from youth. The last third of the volume is a glossary of the nutritional benefits of various foods. Some have attributed the volume to C.G. Giraudy or C.F.S. Giraudy. Vicaire p.384. Waller 3414. NUC cites two copies (KMK, PPC).

 

THE GOLDEN BOOK: A Guide to Health, Happiness, & Long Life. [N.p., ca. 1880]. 12mo, 28pp, disbound. $20. ¶ The anonymous author considers good digestion to be the key to health.

 

GRAHAM, Thomas J[ohn]. A TREATISE ON INDIGESTION; With Observations on Some Painful Complaints Consequent on Indigestion, Especially Nervous Affections. London: Simpkin and Marshall, 1838. 8vo, xii, 198pp. Old half cloth, boards soiled and rubbed, some browning, but very good. $125. ¶ The fourth edition, with important additions. The author also published works on cold water cures, health consciousness and popular medicine.

 

LE GUIDE DE SANTÉ, ou l’art de se la conserver par les préceptes qui donnent la vie la plus longue et exempte de maladies…Suivi des Dons de la nature, mis en ordre pour l’usage de la Table suivant les Saisons de l’année; ou Recuil contenant une idée des qualités et propriétés des Alimens, tant animaux que végetaux, servant à la subsistance de l’homme. Paris: F.J. Desoer, 1785. Sm. 8vo, 214pp. Speckled boards, calf spine, marbled edges. Head of spine chipped, light wear to boards, lacks label, otherwise very good, with the bookplate of John Yudkin. $250. ¶ First Edition. This wonderful guide to preventative health addresses the healthful raising of children, the necessity of exercise, the qualities of the excrement, and other topics. The author disputes that man can live healthfully on vegetables alone. In the second title, Dons de la nature, the author discusses the proper management and balance of diet through the various months. He also warns "against the abuse of the abundant charities of Nature, which are paraded in that miscellany of her gifts." Vicaire p.430.

 

HADDON, John. HEALTH, & HOW TO PRESERVE IT. [N.p., ca. 1880]. 12mo, pp.25-44, disbound. $20. ¶ A lecture delivered by the Manchester & Salford Sanitary Association intended to educate the masses with regard to sanitary laws and the avoidence of diseases.

 

HAYWARD, John. A GAZETTEER of the United States of America; comprising… Mineral Springs, Waterfalls, Caves, Beaches, and Other Fashionable Resorts… Hartford, CT: Case, Tiffany, & Company, 1853. 8vo, 861pp, large (2 x 3 ft) hand-tinted folding map of the U.S. bound in at the back, frontis. portrait and a few illus. in the text. Contemp. sheep, gilt labels, worn, joints cracked but holding. Good. $350. ¶ First Edition. The large map delineates several routes and trails to the West, including the Santa Fe, Oregon, and Kearney. Sabin 31070. Not in Howes.

 

(Health Periodical). NUTRITION HEALTH REVIEW. Philadelphia: Vegetus Publications, 1977-1986. $35. ¶ Run of numbers 3, 5-21, 23-40 of this consumer’s journal of medical knowledge.

 

HODSON, Geoffrey. RADIANT HEALTH FROM A MEAT-FREE DIETARY. Auckland: New Zealand Vegetarian Society, [ca. 1950]. 8vo, 20pp, orig. wrappers, very good. $20. ¶ Includes comparisons of the dentitions and bodily characteristics of herbivores and carnivores and concludes that man is meant to be an herbivore. The author was president of the New Zealand Vegetarian Society. No edition in NUC or BMC.

 

HOFFMAN, Bob. HOW TO BE STRONG, HEALTHY AND HAPPY. York: Strength and Health, 1938. 8vo, 400pp, 115 b&w plates. Maroon grained cloth, black lettered, some wear to spine extremes, otherwise a very good copy. $125. ¶ Revised Edition, issued in the same year as the first, which has become exceedingly scarce. Before Jack LaLanne, there was Bob Hoffman, America’s foremost physical culturist and publisher and editor of Strength and Health, arguably the first such magazine in the U.S.; owner of York Barbell Co., in its time the nation’s top manufacturer of strength-building equipment; and an Olympics strength coach and trainer of reknown. Includes everything then known about proper diet and exercise and its affect on mental and physical well-being. With numerous photo-illustrations of bodybuilders and weightlifters of bygone days. Rare.

 

(Howard, John). BAUMGARTNER, Leona, M.D. JOHN HOWARD, (1726-1790), Hospital & Prison Reformer: A Bibliography. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1939. Tall 8vo,(ii), 79pp. Orange boards. Some notes and decorative stickers on the endpapers, otherwise very good. $45. ¶ First book appearance, reprinted from the Bulletin of the History of Medicine; With Introduction by Arnold M. Muirhead.

 

HUFELAND, Christoph Wilhelm. DIE KUNST DAS MENSCHLICHE LEBEN ZU VERLÄNGERN. Vienna & Prague: Franz Haas, 1797. 2 vols in 1, 8vo, xvi, 212; (2), ii, 237, (1), frontis. engraving. Half calf over speckled boards, calf label. Crease to front board, barest occasional foxing, otherwise fine. $500. ¶ Pirated edition (?), with an imprint citing the same year as what is normally considered the first edition showing an imprint of Jena, 1797. This edition may be pirated, likely preceding the 1798 edition, which is generally considered the true second edition. Later editions are entitled Makrobiotik: oder die Kunst das menschliche Leben zu Verlängern, by which the work is generally remembered. "The greatest exponent of prolongevity hygiene, next to Cornaro, was the illustrious German physician Christopher Hufeland, who set the human life span at two hundred years" (Gruman). Hufeland cites the case of Thomas Parr, "whose body was opened in his 152nd year, [proving] that even at this age, the state of the bowels may be so perfect and sound that one might certainly live some time longer." He then cites von Haller, who had collected statistics on longevity. Haller and Hufeland reason that, as an animal lives eight times as long as its period of growth, so too man, "in his natural state" should be able to live eight times the 25 years it takes him to grow. Temperance was paramount, he insisted, and he suggested that the body is born with a limited amount of "vital power," which may be consumed in accordance with one’s lifestyle. The "hygenic elite" are working people who lives simply in open air.

"One of the the great philanthropic physicians who are true friends of the human race" and "one of the great pioneers of medical journalism in the 18th century" (Garrison p.366), court physician at Weimar and a friend of and doctor to Goethe, Schiller, and Herder, Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland (1762-1836) was known in medical circles for introducing Jenner’s smallpox vaccination into Germany. This present work "was read literally throughout the world" (Major II, p.704). Blake, DNLM 18th Cent. p.224. Garrison-Morton 1602 (Jena ed.). Heirs of Hippocrates 1183 (Jena ed.). Bibl. Osleriana 3017-19 (later eds.). Lesky 322 (later ed.). Wellcome III, p.310. (Jena ed.) Cf. Gruman, A History of Ideas about the Prolongation of Life, p.73 & Howard Williams, The Ethics of Diet.

 

KITCHINER, William. THE ART OF INVIGORATION AND PROLONGING LIFE, By Food, Clothes, Air, Exercise, Wine, Sleep, &c. Or, The Invalid’s Oracle… Sixth Edition, Very Greatly Augmented and Improved. London: Geo. B. Whittaker, 1828. 12mo, viii, (2), 337, (4 ads)pp. Orig. boards, old cloth back worn. $150. ¶ A popular manual, with chapters on corpulence, sleep, clothes, wine, etc, and with the addition of a chapter on "The Pleasure of Making a Will." Kitchiner (d.1827) was a wealthy physician who delighted in preparing feasts for his friends. He also wrote Oracles for Cooks, Housekeepers, and Travellers and books on singing and on choosing opera glasses. Simon, Bibliotheca Gastronomica, 912. Not in Oxford.

 

(Kneipp). GEROMILLER, Lewis (ed.). HYDROPATHIC TREATMENT OF PFARRER KNEIPP. Douches, Packings and Vapour-Baths… Examined and Approved of by the Reverend Pfarrer Seb. Kneipp. Kaufeuren & Woerishofen: G. Mayr & P. Schön, (1893). 8vo, 68, (2), 26 illustrations. Orig. wrappers. Front wrapper detached, back wrapper gone. Browned & chipped, otherwise good. $45. ¶ An amusingly illustrated booklet on the application of douches.

 

KNEIPP, Sebastian. MON TESTAMENT. Conseils aux malades et aux gens bien portants. Traduit de l’allemand par un ancien professeur. Kempten, Bavaria: Jos. Koesel, 1896. 8vo, (10), 494pp, frontisportrait, approx. 13 plates. Orig. cloth, spine gilt. Slight wear to head of front joint, other light external wear, light browning, otherwise very good. $45. ¶ Third edition in French, includes information on the water cure, lotions, flatulence, and diet.

 

KNEIPP, Sebastian. MY WATER-CURE as Tested through More Than Thirty Years and Described for the Healing of Diseases and the Preservation of Health. Translated by A. de F…Preface by E. Gerard. Edinburgh: William Blackwood, 1893. 8vo, xxxiv, 282, 32 (ads)pp, frontisportrait, 1 plate, 25 illustrations. Orig. blue cloth, blocked with gilt & black vignette of Kneipp, spine gilt. Once bound over in leather, with slight remains on endpapers, otherwise very good. $60. ¶ Second Edition in English. The eccentric pastor discusses the role of water cure, exercise and naturopathy in his system of healing.

 

KNEIPP, Sebastian. THE KNEIPP CURE. An Absolutely Verbal and Literal Translation of "Meine Wasserkur"… (New York: Nature Cure Publishing, 1949). 3 vols, 8vo, xvi, 147; (3), 148-227; (3), 228-451pp, frontisportrait, 200 illustrations. Orig. pictorial wrappers. Orig. wrappers, nearly fine in very good orig. slipcase. $35. ¶ Reprint of the first American edition. The eccentric pastor discusses the role of water cure, exercise and naturopathy in his system of healing.

 

LEES, Frederic R. AN ARGUMENT ON BEHALF OF THE PRIMITIVE DIET OF MAN. An Essay to Which the Vegetarian Society Awarded a Prize. London: F. Pitman, [ca. 1875]. 12mo, 31, (1 ads)pp. Disbound, pencil annotations. $45. ¶ First Edition of this clear argument, addressing mostly chemical evidence for vegetarianism and including a criticism of Justus Liebig’s understanding of creatine.

 

LEITCH, J. Neil. WHAT TO EAT AND WHY. London: London College of Dietetics, 1936. 8vo, 154pp ads. Orig. orange cloth, very good. $15. ¶ First Edition.

 

LINDLAHR, Victor H. THE LINDLAHR VITAMIN COOKBOOK. New York: National Nutrition Society, (1941). 8vo, orig. blue cloth, nearly fine, in original shipping box. $15. ¶ "Journal of Living Subscriber Edition."

 

MACAULAY, James. PLEA FOR MERCY TO ANIMALS. London: S.W. Partridge, [1881]. 8vo, 160, 16pp. Orig. blue cloth, stamped in gilt & black. Contemp name and relevant quotes on endpapers. Very good $150. ¶ First Edition. The author cites scientific evidence and includes the opinions of many scientific and literary authorities, including Celsus, Cowper, and Hogarth. Evidence that vivisection has a bad effect on its practictioners is particularly compelling. His eyewitness reports condemn practices in François Magendie’s lab in Paris, Schiff’s lab at Florence, in a lab in Norwich where Magnan was operating on dogs,and at Bernard’s lab in Paris. He decries the "the myriads of experiments" conducted by such men as Brachet, Bouillaud, and others, believing that of the few conclusions reached thereby "there is scarcely one that has not, or might not have been as surely arrived at by anatomical and pathological research." A physician, MacAulay (1817-1902) wrote a variety of political works and children’s books. With his friend Edward Forbes he witnessed François Magendie’s experiments on animals, and the two left the room, according to the author, "disgusted less by the cruelty of the professor than by the heartlessness of the spectators." He was henceforth a strong anti-vivisectionist. Cf. Westacott pp.1-4 & French, Antivivisection and Medical Science in Victorian Society, pp.20-1.This edition not in NUC.

 

(Malt). THERAPEUTIC NOTES UPON EXTRACT OF MALT. (London: Whiting & Co.) [ca. 1880]. 12mo, 16pp, disbound. $15. ¶ Advertising Kepler Extract of Malt, sold by Burroughs, Wellcome.

 

MARCARD, Henri-Mathias. DE LA NATURE ET DE L’USAGE DES BAINS. Traduit de l’Allemand par Michel Parant. Paris: Bossange, Masson et Besson, An IX (1801). 8vo, x, 290, (2)pp. Contemp. calf, worn, a good copy. $150. ¶ First Edition in French. Heinrich Matthias Marcard’s (1747-1817) work, first published in German, comprehensively surveys different types of baths (warm, hot, cold, steambath etc) and their therapeutic effects on certain medical problems, in particular pains, spasm, problems of the respiratory organs and blood vessels, and sleeping disorders. The treatise is full of bibliographical and historical references and descriptions of individual cases. The author previously published a description of the baths of Pyrmont. Blake p.287. Monglond V, 891. Not in NUC.

 

MONIN, Dr E. of Paris. THE HYGIENE OF BEAUTY. Translated under the Immediate Supervision of the Author. London: Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, 8vo, orig. olive green cloth. Fine copy. $125. ¶ Includes beauty secrets, hygiene of the skin, body, face, mouth, teeth, and hair for young ladies, and with chapters on obesity, herpes, physiognomy, cosmetics, and perfumes. "Seventh edition, revised and considerably enlarged (more than 200 hundred recipes for Medicinal and Cosmetic Preparations).

 

MORGAN, Anna. AN HOUR WITH DELSARTE. A Study of Expression. Illustrated by Rose Mueller Sprague and Marian Reynolds. Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1889. 8vo, 115pp, frontispiece, 22 b&w illus. Gold pictorial cloth, maroon lettered, good. $75. ¶ First Edition. The importance of physical bearing, posture, carriage and poise during verbal expression, and body language as communication medium is the subject of this book based upon the teachings of François Delsarte. Scarce.

 

NEWTON, John Frank. THE RETURN TO NATURE, or, A Defense of the Vegetable Regimen; With Some Account of an Experment Made during the Last Three or Four Years in the Author’s Family. Part the First [all published]. London: for T. Cadell & W. Davies, 1811. 8vo, vi, 160pp. Orig. brown boards & label. Light external wear, a few spots of foxing, owner’s signature & heraldic stencil of an Edward Burrell, very good in a linen box. $1500. ¶ First Edition. "This work was to have an enduring effect on Shelley’s work in prose as well as in verse, and upon the very ordering of his diet during a long series of years" (Peck I, p.278). The note on vegetarianism in Queen Mab, in which Shelley explains the myth of Promethius as the punishment of mankind for eating meat, quotes extensively from this, and Shelley himself addressed its importance in his life in his letters. The volume begins as Newton explains that he, his wife and four children under nine years of age had been living meatlessly for two years and that their apothecary’s bill for this period had amounted to sixpence. But Newton is most energetic in his proselytizing when he discusses the salutary effects of the vegetarian diet on children: "They will become not only more robust but more beautiful; that their carriage will be erect, their step firm; that their development at a critical perod of youth, the prematurity of which has been considered an evil, will be retarded; that, above all, the danger of being deprived of them will in every way dimish; while by these light repasts their hilarity will be augmented, and their intellects cleared in a degree which shall astonishingly illustrate the delightful effects of this regimen…" Newton, a Zoroastrian, was a patient of William Lambe and a friend of Shelley and Jefferson Hogg, both of whom frequently ate at the Newton household. Hogg describes the meals at the Newton home: "Certainly their vegetable dinners were delightful elegant, and excellent repasts: flesh, fowl, fish, and ‘game’ never appeared–nor eggs nor butter bodily, but the two lattter were admitted into cookery, but as sparingly as possible, and under protest, as not approved of and soon to be dispensed with… There were vegetables of every kind, plainly stewed or scientifically disguised… We luxuriated in tea and coffee, and sought variety occasionally in cocoa and chocolate: bread, cakes, and plain seed-cakes were liberally divided among the faithful" (Hogg, Life of Shelley). Simon 1092. Cf. F.L. Jones, Shelley’s Letters I, p.374 and Roche (ed.), Shelley’s Poetical Works I, pp.326-7.

 

OLIVER, Thomas (ed.) DANGEROUS TRADES, The Historical, Social, and Legal Aspects of Industrial Occupations as Affecting Health New York: E.P. Dutton; London: John Murray, 1902. Thick 8vo, xxi, 891, (4 ads)pp, illustrations. Blue cloth, gilt. Library stamp of Mass. State Board of Health on endpaper and title, scuffing on spine,otherwise very good. $500. ¶ First Edition of a thorough study of turn-of-the-century industrial medicine, with chapters on child labor, women’s labor in the tin-plate and the aerated water industries, arsenic poisoning, dry cleaning toxins, flour mills, toxic paints, air of mines, quarries, explosives, anthrax, jute manufactures, eye diseases, and miscellaneous trades including cigar manfuacture, domestic servants, barmen, label-lickers, scriveners’ spasm, writers’ palsy, etc etc. G-M 2129.

 

PALMER, Margaret D. LESSONS ON MASSAGE. London: Bailliere, Tindall and Cox, 1906. 8vo, xvi, 261pp. 118 text illust.& photos, 2 foldout color charts. Blue cloth gilt lettered, corners bumped, light wear, otherwise very good. $20. ¶ Second Edition (1903) of the original 1901 issue, with additional photos, two color foldout charts, and additional chapters covering the Nauheim or Schott treatment and bandaging. The finest text on the subject then written. Third printing.

 

PELLAPRAT, Henri-Paul. CUISINE VÉGÉTARIENNE ET RÉGIMES ALIMNTAIRES. Menus de Régimes. Paris: Comptoir Français du Livre, [after] (1937). 4to, 179, (1, ads)pp, incl. 22 plates (16 color). Orig. boards, blocked in gilt, very good. $35. ¶ Third Edition of Manuel de la Cuisine Végétarienne et de Regimes.

 

PENNOCK, Anna M. CREATIVE FORCE IN THE VEGETABLE, ANIMAL AND HUMAN WORLD... Or... Helping Suggestions to Parents and Teachers in Spiritualizing the Creative Force in the Minds of the Children. Toledo: Thought Circle, (1897). 12mo, port. frontis. Orig. white morocco-grain cloth, gilt, nick to spine, otherwise very good. $35. ¶ First Edition.

 

(Phrenological periodical). THE ILLUSTRATED ANNUALS OF PHRENOLOGY AND HEALTH ALMANACS, New Series, from 1874 to 1883 Inclusive. Combined in One Volume. New York: Fowler & Wells, 1884. Sm. 4to, 64, 3-64, 3-64, 40, 40, 32, 32, 32, 32, 32, 6, 16 (ads)pp. Orig. green cloth. Light wear to extremities, otherwise very good. $150. ¶ Complete run from 1874-1883 inclusive nicely bound together in one volume by the famed publishers, the foremost exponents of phrenology and phrenological literature in the United States.

 

PLATEN, M. THE NEW CURATIVE TREATMENT OF DISEASE. London: Bong & Co. & New York: Alexander Buncker (H. von Carnap), [n.d., ca. 1890]. 2 vols, thick 8vo, 1579pp, 432 text illus, 7 colored plates, portrait frontispiece, 6 superimposed anatomical plates. Original cloth, stamped in art nouveau style with colored panel depicting female with pitcher of water. Light browning throughout. $250.

 

PLEASANTON, Gen. A.J. et al. THE INFLUENCE OF THE BLUE RAY OF THE SUNLIGHT and of the Blue Colour of the Sky, in Developing Animal and Vegetable Life; in Arresting Disease; and in Restoring Health in Acute and Chronic Disorders to Human and Domestic Animals. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 1877. 8vo, (2), iv, [3]-185pp, frontispiece. Orig. blue cloth, gilt. Very good. $150. ¶ Printed in blue ink entirely on blue paper. Pleasanton had previously published On the Influence of the Blue Colour of the Sky in Developing Animal and Vegetable Life.

 

PORPHYRY. DE ABSTINENTIA AB ESU ANIMALIUM libria quatuor. Ioanne Bernardo Feliciano interprete. (Venice: Ioan. Gryphius, 1547). 8vo in 4s, a6, A-Z4, AA-BB4, (6), 100ff. Quarter vellum, paste paper boards, red morocco label. Slight wear to bottom of first & last leaves, old signature on tile. Very good. $6000. ¶ First Edition of the earliest treatise on vegetarianism. Abstinence from Animal Food is in four books. In the first book, the author chastises his friend Firmus for having relinquished vegetarianism, demonstrating that a harmless diet is essential to the reascent to the gods, or to a return to "the realm of the Real." He suggests to Firmus that the goal of the philosophical life is to return to Realm from which we have strayed, and that introducing a dead animal into a living man interferes with purification of his soul. In the second book, Porphyry discusses the relationship of animal sacrifice to flesh-eating. Even augury from an animal’s liver is critisized, since philosophers should live withdrawn from the world and have no need to know the worldly details of the future which divination provides. In the third book he discusses justice in the context of man’s relationship to animals. And in the fourth book he valuably describes the various vegetarian customs of other nations, including the Spartans and the Essenes. The work is especially valuable as having preserved original statements of the old philosphers and the substance of Theophrastus’s On Piety as well as a long fragment of Euripides’ Cretans. Adams P1911. Bitting p.377. Vicaire p.703. Not in Graesse or Brunet.

 

(Priessnitz, Vincent). METCALFE, Richard. LIFE OF VINCENT PRIESSNITZ, Founder of Hydropathy. Richmond Hill: Metcalfe’s London Hydro., Ltd, 1898. 8vo, xii, 211pp, 28 plates. Orig. green cloth, gilt. Fine. $100. ¶ First Edition. "Hydropathy was popularized by Max Joseph Oertel and the Silesian farmer, Vincenz Kriessnitz, whose cold packs and barefoot promenades through dewy meadows were followed up by the Bavarian pastor Kneipp" (Garrison p.657).

 

PROSSER, Edith M. MANUAL OF MASSAGE AND MOVEMENTS. London: Faber & Faber, 1953. 8vo, 446pp. Blue cloth gilt lettered, light wear and soiling, otherwise very good. $20. ¶ Fourth Edition of the original 1938 textbook emphasizking a return to what was becoming a lost, undervalued art as the massage and movement profession evolved into Physical Therapy with its focus on biomechanical modalities of rehabilitative treatment. Illustrated throughout with matchstick figures, and, despite the author’s intent, devotes much space to active and passive physiotherapeutic exercise. Rare.

 

PURINTON, Edward Earle. THE PHILOSOPHY OF FASTING. A Message for Sufferers and Sinners. Butler, New Jersey: Benedict Lust, (1915). 8vo, orig. cloth, lettered in gilt, very good. $15. ¶ Second edition.

 

RITSON, Joseph. AN ESSAY ON ABSTINENCE FROM ANIMAL FOOD, AS A MORAL DUTY. London: for Richard Phillips, 1802. 8vo, (4), 236, (4)pp. Blue paper boards over white paper. Spine worn, paper stripped from back board, abrasion to small portion of title-page, barely affecting text, text otherwise nearly fine. $1000. ¶ Only Edition of a remarkably interesting essay. Conventionally beginning with a brief history of the ancient philosphers and their opinions, the atheist Ritson does not rely only on the standard Biblical arguments, but cites Homer and Hesiod as well. He argues in favor of vegetarianism, but very even-handedly, dismissing suggestions, for example, that human dentition provides any evidence for primitive man’s having had a vegetarian diet. Instead, Ritson’s vegetarianism is, says Colin Spencer (p.234) "the product of humanitarianism, the rights of human beings extended to include for the first time the rights of animals." Rummaging through anthropological evidence, Ritson suggests that animal sacrifice was the ritual which first spread a taste for meat among mankind; he strongly contends that "those accustom’d to eat the brute, should not long abstain from the man." He connects the English fascination with blood sports with meat-eating and considers the slave-trade as due to the same inurement to barbarity. He also refers repeatedly to literary works in which vegetarianism is mentioned and surveys the vegetarians of the past, citing Pythagoras, Descartes and his own publisher, Richard Phillips, who took on the book when others had refused to publish it. The great antiquary Joseph Ritson (1752-1803) was first inspired to his culinary philosophy after reading Mandeville’s Fable of the Bees. Bitting p.399. Bronson 27. Oxford p.132. Simon 1293.

 

RITSON, Joseph. AN ESSAY ON ABSTINENCE FROM ANIMAL FOOD, AS A MORAL DUTY. London: for Richard Phillips, 1802. 8vo, (4), 236pp. Half red morocco over marbled boards, spine gilt, t.e.g. Light browning, otherwise very good in very good marbled slipcase. $1000. ¶ Only Edition of a remarkably interesting essay. Conventionally beginning with a brief history of the ancient philosphers and their opinions, the atheist Ritson does not rely only on the standard Biblical arguments, but cites Homer and Hesiod as well. He argues in favor of vegetarianism, but very even-handedly, dismissing suggestions, for example, that human dentition provides any evidence for primitive man’s having had a vegetarian diet. Instead, Ritson’s vegetarianism is, says Colin Spencer (p.234) "the product of humanitarianism, the rights of human beings extended to include for the first time the rights of animals." Rummaging through anthropological evidence, Ritson suggests that animal sacrifice was the ritual which first spread a taste for meat among mankind; he strongly contends that "those accustom’d to eat the brute, should not long abstain from the man." He connects the English fascination with blood sports with meat-eating and considers the slave-trade as due to the same inurement to barbarity. He also refers repeatedly to literary works in which vegetarianism is mentioned and surveys the vegetarians of the past, citing Pythagoras, Descartes and his own publisher, Richard Phillips, who took on the book when others had refused to publish it.The great antiquary Joseph Ritson (1752-1803) was first inspired to his culinary philosophy after reading Mandeville’s Fable of the Bees. Bitting p.399. Bronson 27. Oxford p.132. Simon 1293.

 

ROTONDI, Pietro. VEGETARIAN COOKERY. Los Angeles: Willing Publishing, [after] (1948). 8vo, 156pp, frontisportrait. Orig. printed wrapeprs, slight external stain, very good. $15. ¶ Reprint of the second edition, including some unusual soy and nut recipes. Rotondi practiced naturopathy in Los Angeles into the nineteen-seventies. Dyer p.219.

 

SALT, Henry S. LES DROITS DE L’ ANIMAL. Considérés dans leur rapport avec le progrès social. Traduit de l’ Anglias par L. Hotelin. Paris: H. Welter, 1914. 8vo, 128pp. Orig wrappers. Spotting to wrappers, slight marginal foxing, very good & unopened. $40. ¶ Reprint of the first French edition of 1900. In this famous volume, Salt points out that sympathy is one thing and that a recognition of rights is another. The reason we will advance from the former phase to the latter is "that every great liberating movement has proceeded exactly on these lines. Oppression and cruelty are invariably founded on a lack of imaginative sympathy; the tyrant or tormentor can have no true sense of kinship with the victim of his injustice. When once the sense of affinity is awakened, the knell of tyranny is sounded, and the ultimate concession of ‘rights’ is simply a matter of time." Salt urges his readers to look back to the time when human slaves were excluded from the common pale of humanity, when the same hypocritical fallacies used to justify that exclusion were invoked in the case of animals. Abstinence from flesh-eating is addressed as well.

 

SENN, C. Hermann MEATLESS DISHES. Or Meals without Meat. London: Ward, Lock & Co., [ca. 1935]. 8vo, 160pp. Orig. cloth, very good. $25. ¶ Reprint of the 1934 cookbook, one of many written in the wake of the rationing of the First World War.

 

(Shelley). AXON, William E.A. SHELLEY’S VEGETARIANISM. New York: Haskell House Publishers, 1971. 8vo, (2), 14pp. Orig. cloth, fine. $25. ¶ Facsimile reprint of this important study, first published in 1890 by the Manchester Vegetarian Society.

 

SHELLEY, Percy Bysshe. A VINDICATION OF NATURAL DIET. [N.p.]: Folcroft Library Editions, 1975. 8vo, (2), 32pp. Orig. library cloth, fine. $25. ¶ Facsimile reprint of the Manchester Vegetarian Society’s printing (1884) of the 1813 private printing of the "Vindication," which appeared earlier that year as part of the notes to "Queen Mab."

 

SHELLEY, Percy Bysshe. ON THE VEGETABLE SYSTEM OF DIET. With a New Introduction by Hugh I’Anson Fausset. [N.p.]: Norwood Editions, 1978. 8vo, (2), 16pp. Orig. cloth, fine. $25 ¶ Facsimile reprint of the London Vegetarian Society’s printing (1947) of this famous essay.

 

SHELLEY, Percy Bysshe. ON THE VEGETABLE SYSTEM OF DIET. With a New Introduction by Hugh I’Anson Fausset. London: C.W. Daniel for the London Vegetarian Society, 1947. 8vo, (2), 16pp. Orig. pictorial wrappers, very good. $50. ¶ First edition with Fausset’s introduction. The original MS, written on two sheets of foolscap and not published within Shelley’s lifetime, was included among the MSS given by John Shelley-Rolls to the Bodleian. It was not published unti 1929. Shelley became a vegetarian before he was twenty and first wrote about his enthusiasm in Queen Mab, to which he added a long note, later published as the pamphlet titled A Vindication of Natural Diet. The present essay was written later and is more considered it its tone, although it bears the marks of a first draft. Shelley proclaimed that that vegetarianism was no mere cult of eccentrics but a religious necessity for those had awakedn to the unity of life.

 

SHEW, Joel. CONSUMPTION: Its Prevention and Cure by the Water Treatment… New York: Fowlers & Wells, 1851. 8vo, 288, (4, ads)pp, illustrations in text. Full calf, gilt title and ownership stamp of N.D. Thompson MD on front cover. Foxing, otherwise very good. $45. ¶ Reprint, first published two years earlier, by one of the most famous practitioners of hydropathy and the first to open an establishment to practice the water-cure in America. Shew initiates the volume with a critique of the assumption that man is naturally omnivorous and recommends a diet of vegetables, especially for the feeble. He continues with specific remedies, including ones requiring excercise. This edition not in Cordasco, but cf. 50-1643.

 

SHEW, Joel. HYDROPATHY, Or, The Water Cure: Its Principles, Modes of Treatment, &c… New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1845. 8vo, 360pp, frontis. Orig. cloth, blocked in blind. Some wear to extremities, several leaves chipped, otherwise very good. $65. ¶ Second Edition of the most popular American guide to water cure by the first to open a water-cure establishment in America. "Shew opened his water-cure establishment in New York in 1844, the same year his Hydropathy… was published. The book was a primer on the types of baths or treatments offered… and the diseases cured. In addition to sitz baths, the various wraps, and the douche, drop, and plunge baths, Shew described the ‘oral and nasal bath,’ in which the patient drew ‘water up the nose’ and expelled it; the head bath, in which a person lay on his or her back on the floor with a pan of water beneath the back of the head… finger baths, eye baths,… lip baths, and sweating" (Green, Fit for America, p.61). Shew does not yet promulgate his vegetarianism of later years, but recommends that readers eschew fatty meat, butter and oily substances.

"The first important American hydropath,…Joel Shew (1816-1855), advocated a therapeutic system which emphasized exercise and an extreme version of the Graham diet as firmly as it did the water treatment itself" (Nissenbaum p.149). He founded the first American hydropathic institute in Lebanon Springs, New York, which was managed for ten years by David Cambell, a former manager of the Graham boardinghouse in Boston, and which became the the first institutional footing for Grahamism. In 1850 Shew and Russell T. Trall spoke on behalf of hydropathic physicians at the first meating of the American Vegetarian Society, which they helped to found. This edition not in Cordasco, but cf. 40-1176.

 

SHEW, Joel. HYDROPATHY, Or, The Water Cure: Its Principles, Modes of Treatment, &c… New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1845. 8vo, 360pp, frontispiece. Orig. cloth, blocked in blind. Some wear to extremities, text lightly shaken, otherwise very good. $65. ¶ Second Edition of the most popular American guide to water cure by the first to open a water-cure establishment in America. "Shew opened his water-cure establishment in New York in 1844, the same year his Hydropathy… was published. The book was a primer on the types of baths or treatments offered… and the diseases cured. In addition to sitz baths, the various wraps, and the douche, drop, and plunge baths, Shew described the ‘oral and nasal bath,’ in which the patient drew ‘water up the nose’ and expelled it; the head bath, in which a person lay on his or her back on the floor with a pan of water beneath the back of the head… finger baths, eye baths,… lip baths, and sweating" (Green, Fit for America, p.61). Shew does not yet promulgate his vegetarianism of later years, but recommends that readers eschew fatty meat, butter and oily substances.

"The first important American hydropath,…Joel Shew (1816-1855), advocated a therapeutic system which emphasized exercise and an extreme version of the Graham diet as firmly as it did the water treatment itself" (Nissenbaum p.149). He founded the first American hydropathic institute in Lebanon Springs, New York, which was managed for ten years by David Cambell, a former manager of the Graham boardinghouse in Boston, and which became the the first institutional footing for Grahamism. In 1850 Shew and Russell T. Trall spoke on behalf of hydropathic physicians at the first meating of the American Vegetarian Society, which they helped to found. This edition not in Cordasco, but cf. 40-1176.

 

SMITH, John. FRUITS AND FARINACEA. The Proper Food of Man; Being an Attempt to Prove from History, Anatomy, Physiology, and Chemistry, That the Original, Natural, and Best Diet of Man is Derived from the Vegetable Kingdom. With Notes and Illustrations, by R.T. Trall. New York: Fowler and Wells, [after] (1854). 8vo, 314, 4(ads)pp, approx. 34 engravings in text. Orig. green cloth, blocked in blind, slight occasional foxing, very good. $65. ¶ Reprint of the first American edition. Frequently reprinted, Fruits and Farinacea, first published in London, 1845, was a widely-read general defense of vegetarianism Bitting p.439 (later edition). Simon 1395 (British edition).

 

SMITH, John. FRUITS AND FARINACEA. The Proper Food of Man; Being an Attempt to Prove from History, Anatomy, Physiology, and Chemistry, That the Original, Natural, and Best Diet of Man is Derived from the Vegetable Kingdom. With Notes and Illustrations, by R.T. Trall. New York: Fowler and Wells, 1872. 8vo, 314, 4(ads)pp, approx. 50 engravings in text. Orig. brown cloth, wear to extremities, rubber stamps & spot of darkening to title, otherwise very good. $50. ¶ Reprint of the first American edition. Frequently reprinted, Fruits and Farinacea, first published in London, 1845, was a widely-read general defense of vegetarianism. Bitting p.439 (later edition). Simon 1395 (British edition).

 

SMITH, John. Substance of the Work Entitled FRUITS AND FARINACEA THE PROPER FOOD OF MAN. Edited by… Francis Wm. Newman for the Vegetarian Society. Manchester: John Heywood; The Vegetarian Society, 1873. 12mo, 112pp. Disbound. $50. ¶ First Edition of this condensation by Francis William Newman, who seeks to simplify some of Smith’s chemical arguments. Frequently reprinted, Fruits and Farinacea, first published in London, 1845, was a widely-read general defense of vegetarianism. Cf.Bitting p.439 & Simon 1395.

 

SMITH, John. SUBSTANCE OF THE WORK ENTITLED FRUITS AND FARINACEA THE PROPER FOOD OF MAN. Edited by… Francis Wm. Newman for the Vegetarian Society. Manchester: John Heywood, [after] (1873). 12mo, 112pp. Cloth boards, light wear to extremities, otherwise very good. $55. ¶ Reprint of the first edition of this condensation by Francis William Newman, who seeks to simplify some of Smith’s chemical arguments. Frequently reprinted, Fruits and Farinacea, first published in London, 1845, was a widely-read general defense of vegetarianism. Newman (1805-1897), the younger brother of Cardinal Newman, was a voluminous writer of miscellany, a radical in politics, a Baptist and then a Unitarian, and bit of a crank, who wrote on theology and language and against vaccination. As professor of Latin at University College, London, he introduced "Roman" pronunciation of Latin into England. He became President of the Manchester Vegetarian Society in 1873, and was succeeded by a another professor of Latin, J.E.B. Mayor. Cf. Bitting p.439 & Simon 1395 (British edition).

 

SMITH, John. VEGETABLE COOKERY: Including a Complete Set of Recipes for Pastry, Preserving, Pickling, the Preparation of Sauces, Soups, Beverages, Etc., Etc. London: Frederick Pitman, 1884. 8vo, 241, (3, ads)pp. Orig. cloth, endpapers renewed, light foxing to title, barest external wear, otherwise very good. $100. ¶ First Edition, mostly on methods of cooking, preserving, etc. The vegetarian John Smith was the author of the tremendously popular Fruits and Farinacea, the Proper Food of Man (1845) and The Principles and Practice of Vegetarian Cooking (1860).Not in Bitting.

 

TAYLOR, Bayard. HANNAH THURSTON, A Story of American Life. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1863. 8vo, 464, 2-ads pp. Original pebble grained green cloth, gilt. Fine copy. $100. ¶ First Edition. Taylor completed this novel while undersecretary to Simon Cameron in Russia. While writing it, Taylor had been instrumental in keeping Russia friendly to the Union. BAL 19684, A binding.

 

TAYLOR, Bayard. HANNAH THURSTON: A Story of American Life. New York: G.P. Putnam, 1864. 8vo, 464, (2, ads)pp. Orig. brown cloth, extremities worn, otherwise very good. $30. ¶ First Edition, later printing, of Taylor’s novel which he completed while undersecretary to Simon Cameron in Russia. While writing this novel, Taylor had been instrumental in keeping Russia friendly to the Union. Cf. note at BAL 19684.

 

TAYLOR, John. THE OLD, OLD, VERY OLD MAN; Or the Age and Long Life of Thomas Parr… London: T. Cooper, [ca. 1700]. 8vo, viii, 20pp. Cloth, lettered in gilt. Edges variously cut, bookplate & inscription to Paul Jordan Smith on front endpapers, writing & bookseller’s description on back endpaper, still very good. $1250. ¶ Third and expanded edition of this celebrated poem on the centrarian Thomas Parr (1483?-1635), who is said to have gone into military service in 1500 and to have done penance for incontinence at the age of 105. The Earl of Arundel exhibited him at court in the last year of his life. The poem, the chief source of information on Parr, is in the typical whimsical, rollicking verse of John Taylor (1578?-1653), the eccentric "water poet" who travelled from London to Queensborough in a brown-paper boat. Cf. STC 23781 for the first edition of 1635; not in Wing.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas. SELECT WORKS OF PORPHYRY; containing his Four Books on Abstinence from Animal Food; his Treatise on the Homeric Cave of the Nymphs; and his Auxiliaries to the Perception of Intelligible Natures… and an Appendix, explaining the Allegory of the Wanderings of Ulysses. London: Thomas Rodd, 1823. 8vo, xx, 271, (4 ads)pp. Half brown calf, marbled boards, raised bands slightly rubbed, signature of verso of marbled endpaper, very good. $750. ¶ First Edition in English of the first book on vegetarianism. Porphyrius (A.D. 233-301) was a pupil of Longinus and later Plotinus; both recognized his great abilities and learning, and his lifelong desire to achieve purity of thought by freeing himself from all attachments of the flesh. To this end he was a vegetarian who also opposed animal sacrifice. Smith (III, p.501) remarks on his great abilities as a writer as well as a scholar/philosopher. Taylor (1758-1835) devoted his life to translating Greek classics with commentary, which gained him the sobriquet "The Platonist" and encouraged the continuation of the Neo-Platonic tradition. "His translations represent a side of Greek thought that but for him would be unrepresented in English literature… No man’s mind was ever more thoroughly suffused with the very essence of Neo-Platonism… His books remain a mighty monument of disinterested devotion to philosophic study" (Axon, Thomas Taylor the Platonist… London, 1890). One of Taylor’s most elusive titles. Balch p.18. Raine & Harper p. 530.

 

THRASHER, Marion. LONG LIFE IN CALIFORNIA. Chicago: M.A. Donohue, (1915). 8vo, 130, vii-xpp, 2 frontispieces, 6 plates. Orig. cloth, very good. $75. ¶ First Edition, inscribed by the author, of this history of California centenarians with reflections on their practices. Vegetarian diet, warm semi-tropical weather, marriage, abstinence, and effectively practiced eugenics favor long life, according to the author. His interest in eugenics is ubiquitous, as when out of nowhere he contrasts the descendants of the orginal Juke, most of whose 1200 descendants were short-lived paupers, prostitutes, murderers, and thieves with the descendents of Jonathan Edwards, whose descendants were long-lived college presidents, college preofessors, physicians, clergymen, army officers, lawyers, senators, and vice-presidents of the United States. Indians in California who live 185 years are contrasted with their 60-year-old relatives in other states. A poll of Californians suggests that the climate is the greatest factor.

 

TRALL, R.T. THE NEW HYDROPATHIC COOK-BOOK with Recipes for Cooking on Hygienic Principles… New York: Fowlers and Wells, 1854. 8vo, 226, (2, ads), 12 (ads)pp, 98 illustrations. Orig. blue grained cloth panelled in blind & lettered in gilt. Wear to extremities, foxing, otherwise very good. $60. ¶ Reprint of the first edition of 1853. An alleged application of human physiology and "philosophy of diet," the volume addresses all aspects of "hygienic eating." Though Trall includes several recipes for meat dishes, he writes that "all flesh-eating is unphysiological [and is]…consequent on a wide departure from, and long-continued violation of, organic laws." The volume was frequently reprinted and within reprintings many variants bindings are to be found. Lincoln-Lowenstein 636.

 

TRALL, R.T. THE NEW HYDROPATHIC COOK-BOOK with Recipes for Cooking on Hygienic Principles… New York: Fowlers and Wells, 1854. 8vo, 226, (2, ads), 12 (ads)pp, 98 illustrations. Orig. red grained cloth panelled in blind & lettered in gilt. Extremities worn, signature to endpaper, foxed, otherwise very good. $65. ¶ Reprint of the first edition of 1853. An alleged application of human physiology and "philosophy of diet," the volume addresses all aspects of "hygienic eating." Though Trall includes several recipes for meat dishes, he writes that "all flesh-eating is unphysiological [and is]…consequent on a wide departure from, and long-continued violation of, organic laws." The volume was frequently reprinted and within reprintings many variants bindings are to be found. Bitting p.464 (later ed.). Lincoln-Lowenstein 636.

 

TRALL, R.T. THE NEW HYDROPATHIC COOK-BOOK with Recipes for Cooking on Hygienic Principles… New York: Fowlers and Wells, [n.d]. 8vo, 226, (2, ads), 12 (ads)pp, 98 illustrations. Orig. blue-green ribbed cloth panelled in blind & lettered in gilt. Extremities worn, signature to endpaper, foxed, otherwise very good. $50. ¶ Reprint of the first edition of 1853. An alleged application of human physiology and "philosophy of diet," the volume addresses all aspects of "hygienic eating." Though Trall includes several recipes for meat dishes, he writes that "all flesh-eating is unphysiological [and is]…consequent on a wide departure from, and long-continued violation of, organic laws." The volume was frequently reprinted and within reprintings many variants bindings are to be found. Cf. Lincoln-Lowenstein 636 & Bitting p.464 (later ed.).

 

TRALL, R[ussell] T[hatcher]. DIGESTION AND DYSPEPSIA. A Complete Explanation of the Physiology of the Digestive Processes, with the Symptoms and Treatment of Dyspepsia and Other Disorders of the Digestive Organs. New York: S.R. Wells, 1874. 8vo, (2), 8-160, (4, ads)pp., incl. 2 plates, 50 illustrations. Orig. green cloth panelled with blind geometric ornaments, wear to extremities endpaper rubber-stamped, otherwise very good. $50. ¶ Trall’s classic on the causes of indigestion and ulcer. Meat, corsets, tobacco, lack of exercise and insufficient mastication are all condemned. In addition to having been the one who inspired J.H. Kellogg and "who succeeded Shew late in the 1840s as the most prominent hydropathic physician in America, (Nissenbaum p.149), Trall came the water-cure from the temperance movement. He and Samuel Wells, the publisher, organized the American Anti-Tobacco Society. The book, frequently reprinted, is found in several variant bindings and was issued in wrappers as well (at least by 1892). This edition not in Cordasco, but cf. 70-3669.

 

TYRRELL, Charles. WHY MAN OF TO-DAY IS ONLY 50 PER CENT. EFFICIENT. New York: Tyrrell’s Hygienic Institute, 1913. 8vo, orig. wrappers, lightly soiled, otherwise very good. $15. ¶ First Edition?

 

VEGETABLE SUBSTANCES USED FOR THE FOOD OF MAN. London: Charles Knight, 1846. 2 vols in 1, 16mo, vi, 6-248; vi, 260pp, woodcuts throughout. Marbled wrappers, library stamp to title. $85. ¶ Second British edition, an early general overview of the use of vegetables. The anonymous author focuses on the immense labor required to raise meat. NUC attributes the work to the science writer Edwin Lankester (1814-1874), father of the zoologist Edwin Ray Lankester and author of Natural History of Plants Yielding Food (1845), but the first edition of this work was published in 1832, before Lankester had published anything.

 

(Vegetarian Periodical). THE VEGETARIAN, THE NEW VEGETARIAN, ALIVE MAGAZINE Altrincham, Cheshire: 1972-1981. $100. ¶ Nearly complete modern run of The Vegetarian, which has been in continuous production, under various titles, since 1848. Of the 51 issues in the "New Series," covering February, 1972 to December, 1976, we have: 1-3, 5-13, 15-24, 26, 28-43 (30 misnumbered as 28), 45-51. ¶ The journal’s numbering was then restarted, in the guise of a "Revised Series," and the journal was renamed the New Vegetarian for the period of January, 1977 until April, 1978. Of this period we have numbers 1-12, 14-16, which was the last published under the name New Vegetarian. The journal’s name was then changed from the New Vegetarian to Alive. Of volume I we have all 7 issues. Of volume II we have numbers 1-2, 4-10, the last under the name Alive. The publication’s name was then changed back again to The Vegetarian, which is unnumbered. Of the first [17] issues, we offer all but number [6], issued for the period July-August, 1981.

 

(Vegetarian Periodical). VEGETARIAN VOICE. Malaga, New Jersey: North American Vegetarian Society, 1974-1994. $100. ¶ Nearly complete run of the official organ of the North American Vegetarian Society. Includes vol I, numbers 1-5; vol II, numbers 1, 3-4 & supplement; vol III, numbers 1-5; vol IV, numbers 1-3 of 4, vol V, numbers 1-4 of 5; vol VI, numbers 1-4; volume VII, numbers 1-4; volume VIII, numbers 1-4; volume IX, numbers 1-3 of 4; volume X, numbers 1-4 (the last misnumbered as volume XI, number 1); volume XI, numbers 1-4; volume XII, numbers 1-4; volume XIII, numbers 1-4; volume XIV, numbers 1-4; volume XV, numbers 2-4; volume XVII, numbers 2-4; volume XVIII, numbers 1-4; volume XIX, numbers 1-3 of 4; volume XX, numbers 1-3 of 4.

 

(Vegetarianism). A LETTER TO A FRIEND, IN REPLY TO THE QUESTION, WHAT IS VEGETARIANISM ? London: William Horsell, 1849. Sm. 8vo, 47pp. Orig. printed wrappers, back wrapper gone, otherwise very good. $125. ¶ Only Edition. In this curious booklet the author discusses religious, ethical, economical, and physiological reasons for the abstainment from meat. Not in NUC nor BMC.

 

WADD, William. COMMENTS ON CORPULENCY. Lineaments of Leanness. Mems on Diet and Dietetic. London: John Ebers, 1829. 8vo in 12s, (6), 170pp, frontis. & five etched plates. Orig. boards, new cloth spine with modern label, very good, with armorial bookplate. $300. ¶ First edition of this title and the first illustrated by the author, a greatly expanded edition of the brief Cursory Remarks on Corpulence (1810). "The etchings in this volume remind one of Cruikshank" (DNB). William Wadd (1776-1829), surgeon extraordinary to George IV, is best remembered for his Nugae Chirurgicae, a biographical miscellany illustrating portraits of famous physicians. An able draughtman and writer, "he had a rich fund of anecdote" (DNB), which works its way into this amusing but clinical ramble through the history and lore of obesity and leanness. Cf. Osler 4181.

 

WELLS, Samuel R. NEW PHYSIOGNOMY, Or, Signs of Character, As Manifested through Temperament and External Forms, and Especially in "The Human Face Divine." New York: Samuel R. Wells, 1868. Thick 8vo, 768pp, with woodcuts throughout, lithographic frontis. printed in red. Publisher’s full morocco, gilt ruled, with gilt illus. on covers, a.e.g. $300. ¶ A deluxe edition of Well’s magnum opus. Samuel Roberts Wells (1820-1875) was an extensive writer on phrenology, physiognomy and agriculture. He wrote a respected history of Salem witchcraft.

 

WOOD, J.G. MAN AND BEAST. Here and Hereafter. Illustrated by More Than Three Hundred Original Anecdotes. London: J.S. Virtue, [ca. 1890]. 8vo, viii, 484, (4, ads)pp. Orig. cloth, corners bumped, very good. $75. ¶ Eighth edition of these moving accounts, demonstrating that animals have afterlife, language, love, generosity, pride, reason and so on. Quoted in Salt’s bibliography in Animal Rights.

 

YATES, M. WHEAT-MEAL BREAD. London: Jarrold & Sons, [ca. 1880]. 12mo, 16pp, disbound. $20. ¶ The Bread Reform League was founded to spread knowledge of the dietetic advantages of whole wheat bread