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PHILOSOPHY

ALCIATORE, Jules C. STENDHAL ET HELVETIUS. Les Sources de la Philosophie de Stendhall. Geneva: Droz; Lille: Giard, 1952. Lg. 8vo, (4), (2), 7-300, (1)pp. Orig. printed wrappers (chipped, spine worn); internally very good. $45.

 

[ALLEN, Francis D.] REMARKS ON THE DANGERS AND DUTIES OF SEPULTURE, Or, Security for the Living, with Respect and Repose for the Dead. By a Fellow of the Massachusetts Medical Society. Boston: Phelps & Farnham, 1823. 8vo, 74pp. Printed wrappers, oversewn. Front cover missing upper right corner due to wear (no loss of text), sporadic light foxing internally, otherwise a very good copy with an ink inscription on front flyleaf reading, "From the Author." $250. ¶ Rare treatise on putrefaction. NUC finds two copies.

 

BACON, Francis. THE ESSAYS or Counsels, Civil and Moral...With a Table of the Colours of Good & Evil...Enlarged by the Author Himself; and Now More Exactly Published. London: T.N. for John Martyn, S. Mearne and H. Herrington. 1673. 8vo, 3 parts in one, (4), 254, (4); (8), 32; (14), 132pp + 4 as the original cancelled title and dedication leaves, bound at rear. Recent full polished calf, red morocco spine label, lower spine reads "1672" in error, some old waterstains, otherwise very good+ $750. ¶ First Edition, corrected, of Bacon’s complete Essays. "The Essays, in various editions from 1597-1625, started as assemblages of aphorisms, held together only by a common subject, a chaos of bright ideas of a broadly Machiavellian tone (OCEL p. 57). With the corrected title reading "enlarged" rather than "englarged." Wing 3287. Gibson 23b.

 

BARZUN, Jacques. OF HUMAN FREEDOM. Boston: Little Brown, 1939. 8vo, 334pp. Original cream cloth, very good. Dust jacket worn & chipped, front & back panels severed at spine corners, ownership signature & pencil annotations of the late Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith $25. ¶ First Edition. The author approaches the notion of democracy as an attitude & lifestyle as opposed to a set of institutions.

 

BLOCH, Ernst. SUBJEKT-OBJEKT. Erläuterungen zu Hegel. Berlin: Aufbau, 1951. 8vo, 476pp. Orig. cloth, lettered in gilt. A nearly fine copy. $500. ¶ First Edition of the great Marxist philosopher’s description of the subject-object relation. According to Bloch, this relation ultimately tends toward a final goal (Endziel), in which the subject and object reunite. The movement toward this goal is made by the primordial stuff that preceded the distinction between subject and object. This primordial stuff is the Urgrund and is itself propelled by a kind of cosmic impulse, called "hunger" by Bloch and quite distinct from Freud’s libido. This hunger remains an aspect of subject and object once they have been distinguished, and history is the playing out of this hunger amidst subject and object. In man hunger becomes desire.

Upon returning from a 15-year exile in 1948, Ernst Bloch (1885-1977) became professor of philosophy at Leipzig and editor of Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie. After his Marxist "philosophy of hope" was deemed unmarxist, after Bloch himself was deemed a revisionist, and finally after several of his co-editors were sentenced to prison, he fled East Germany for West to become professor at Tübingen in 1961. His "philosophy of hope," which aims at gradual social evolution and freedom from Marx’s dreaded self-alienation, was intended to arouse society’s latent potential in the formation of a Utopia.

 

[BONNET, Charles]. ESSAI DE PSYCHOLOGIE; ou Considerations sur les Operations de l'Ame, sur l'Habitude et sur l'Education. Auxquelles on a ajouté des Principes Philosophiques sur la Cause Première et sur son Effet. London: 1755. Sm. 8vo, xlii, 390pp. Contemp. half calf, gilt label, portion of backstrip missing, otherwise very good. $350.

¶ Second edition (first 1755) of this famous work by the Swiss naturalist Charles Bonnet (1720-1793). In this and in his second major work, Essai analytique sur les facultés de l'âme (1760), Bonnet "followed Condillac by using the device of the imaginary statue to illustrate the genetic method of explaining the development of the personality" (Ency. Phil.) and ventured to explain thinking and feeling as products of the movements of nerve fibres, thus anticipating the doctrine of specific nerve energies. Bonnet’s other deviation from Condillac lay in ascription of activity to the soul; however, he was the first to note that the concept of tabula rasa was a defect in Condillac’s system. Bonnet's main concern was the body-mind relation. He held that the relation between mind and body indicates that the mind must operate in the physical organism, but survives it - an idea which led him to cosmic speculations. Bonnet’s theories were examined by Johann Nikalaus Tetens (1736-1807), who objected to Bonnet’s reliance on speculative neurology as a valid explanation for the facts of experience. Bonnet still remains important in the history of entomology. He was the first to call attention to parthenogenesis among insects (Traité d’Insectologie, 1745). Cioranescu 12701. Ency. Phil. I, p.345. See: Klein p.482-3. Boring p.211. Not in BL.

 

BRAY, René. LA FORMATION DE LA DOCTRINE CLASSIQUE EN FRANCE. Paris: Hachette, 1927. 8vo, (4), 389, (2)pp. Red cloth, gilt spine. Bookplate, edges of final signatures foxed. Very good. $45. ¶ First Edition, inscribed by the author on flyleaf.

 

BROWNE, Sir Thomas. RELIGIO MEDICI AND OTHER ESSAYS. London: Chapman & Hall, [nd, ca. 1911]. Sm. 4to, 230pp. Full brown morocco, gilt lettered, teg, uncut, light wear at extremities, joints, front joint starting, otherwise near fine. $75. ¶ Handsome edition of Browne’s famous treatise, here beautifully bound by Riviere in full morocco. Probably written in 1635, surreptitiously published in 1642, Religio Medici is Browne’s (1605-1682) meditation as a doctor towards God and the Church, faith and reason, friendship, and national predudice, and is celebrated for its wit and style as well as its piety.

 

BUBER, Martin. DIE STUNDE UND DIE ERKENNTNIS. REDEN UND AUFSATZE 1933-1935. Berlin: Schockn, 1936 12mo, brown cloth, paper spine label. Very good. $250. ¶ First Edition, with Buber’s signature on a slip pasted to title.

 

BUBER, Martin. MEETINGS. Edited with an Introduction and Bibliography by Maurice Friedman. LaSalle, IL: Open Court, 1973. 8vo, 115pp. Charcoal grey cloth, gilt lettered, dust jacket, very mild soiling, otherwise fine. $25. ¶ Review Copy of the First Edition in English of one of Buber’s classics, different in kind but equal in quality to I and Thou and The Way of Man. With the publisher’s review slip.

 

BURKE, Kenneth. PERMANENCE AND CHANGE. An Anatomy of Purpose. New York: New Republic, 1935. 8vo, 351pp. Very good in limp cloth covers. $65. ¶ First Edition of an early philosophical work by this renowned critic, one of the founders of the New Criticism. Auden described Burke as unquestionably the most brilliant and suggestive critic now writing in America." His ideas influenced countless American writers, including the critic Harold Bloom and the novelist Ralph Ellison.

 

BURKE, Kenneth. TOWARDS A BETTER LIFE, being a Series of Epistles, or Declamations. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1932. 8vo, 219pp. Pinholes from stapling on cloth, but very minor. Very good. $65. ¶ First Edition.

 

BUTLER, Samuel. ESSAYS ON LIFE ART AND SCIENCE. Edited by R.A. Streatfeild. London: A.C. Fifield, 1908. 8vo, xii, 340pp. Orig. cloth. Slightly dustsoiled, very good, with the bookplate of Paul Jordan Smith. $35. ¶ Second edition, made up from the sheets of the first edition and a cancel title. Only about 1000 copies were made up this way. The volume includes "The Deadlock in Darwinism." Hoppé p.85.

 

CHAPUISAT, Edouard. SALONS ET CHANCELLERIES Au XVIIIe Siècle. Lausanne: Payot, 1943. 8vo, 231, (1)pp. Orig. printed wrappers, lightly soiled & chipped. Minor marginalia throughout text. Very good. $25.

 

CHENEAU, [Constant]. LES ERREURS DE FENELON, DE RAMSAI, DE BOSSUET, ou la Réfutation de leur Principe. Paris: Paul Dupont, 1843. 8vo, 252pp, lithographic frontisportrait. Orig. printed wrappers, text dampstained, otherwise a fine copy. $175. ¶ First Edition. One of Cheneau’s major works, in which he carries on a diatribe against Fenélon, Ramsai and Bossuet, followed by his reaction to the press, several letters and polemics. Cheneau, a well-known eccentric, was a publisher and follower of Swedenborg and also a member of the Swedenborgian ecclesiastical organization known as the Church of the New Jerusalem. Quérard, II, p.612. Blavier, Les Fous Littéraires, p.302-5. Brunet, Les Fous Littéraires, p.42. Caillet I, p. 344 notes other works by Cheneau, but not this rare title. Not in BL or NUC.

 

COMTE, Auguste. THE POSITIVE PHILOSOPHY… translated and condensed by Harriet Martineau. London: Chapman, 1853. 2 vols, xxxvi, 480; xvi, 561pp. Contemp. half calf, backstrip gilt, 2 morocco labels, marbled boards and endpapers, recent bookplates, corners a little rubbed. Very good. $350. ¶ First Edition in English of Cours de Philosophie Positive, Comte’s most important work inaugurating the history of science and introducing the new science of sociology. The critical translation by Martineau (1802-1876) was personally approved by Comte (1798-1857). By demonstrating that each science is dependent on the previous one Comte shows that there can be no effective physics before astronomy, or biology before chemistry. He further attempts to show, that in the same way as the phenomena of succeeding sciences become more complex, the method by which these phenomena may be treated also becomes more complex. Comte also undertakes to prove that even all facts of the society are in the same way reducible to general laws. Comte’s philosophy emerged from his study of the progress of the European mind, based on mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, and physiology (biology). Comte’s work was particularly influential in England through John Stuart Mill’s interest. The first edition in French was published in 1830-42. Cf. PMM 295. EP II, p.177.

 

(Comte). HAWKINS, Richmond L. AUGUSTE COMPTE AND THE UNITED STATES (1816-1853). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936. 8vo, vii, 147pp. Original blue cloth. A very good copy in a worn, chipped dust jacket, ownership signature & stamp. $50. ¶ First Edition. Comte (1798-1857) founded the school of positivist philosophy, "a system which embraces all human activity and knowledge. His attempt to link up all science, to relate its development to the progress of society, and to combine it with a system of improvement with humanity in palce of an external supreme being, is still one of the major documents of secular philosophy" (Printing and the Mind of Man).

 

(Confucius). FABER, Ernst. A SYSTEMATICAL DIGEST OF THE DOCTRINES OF CONFUCIUS, According to the Analects, Great Learning and Doctrine of the Mean, with an Introduction on the Authorit6ies upon Confucius and Confucianism by Ernst Faber. Translated from the German by P.G. von Moellendorff. Hong Kong: Printed at the "China Mail" Office, 1875. [Bound after] "Sinensis." CHINA; THE SLEEP AND THE AWAKENING. A Reply to Marquis Tseng. With the Text of the Marquis’s Article. And a Letter by Dr. Chalmers. Hongkong: Re-Printed from the "China Mail," 1887. 2 vols in 1, 8vo, 15pp; viii, 181pp. Old ochre cloth, gilt title. Very good. $225. ¶ NUC notes a version Faber’s Confucius of 131 pages printed by the Presbyterian Mission Press in 1873.

 

CROCE, Benedetto. AESTHETIC As Science of Expression and General Linguistic. Translated from the Italian of Benedetto Croce by Douglas Ainslie. London: Macmillan, 1922. 8vo, xxv, 503, 2pp ads. Original blue cloth with spine ends worn, light browning throughout, pencil signature and annotations of Los Angeles Times Literary Critic Paul Jordan Smith. A very good copy. $35. ¶ Second edition, preferred to the first because it contains the complete historical portion and additions to the theoretical portion.

 

DIBON, Paul.(Pub’s de l’Institut Français d’Amsterdam Maison Descartes) PIERRE BAYLE. Le Philosophe de Rotterdam. Etudes & Documents… Paris: Librairie Urin, 1959. 8vo, 255pp, frontispiece portrait. Orig. printed wrappers. With few ink notes, otherwise very good copy. $35.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. A STUDY OF BRITISH GENIUS. London: Hurst & Blacknett, 1904. 8vo, xiv, 300 (4 ads)pp. Orig. brown cloth stamped in gilt and black. Library bookplates otherwise very good. $50. ¶ First Edition.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. A STUDY OF BRITISH GENIUS. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1926. 8vo. Original green cloth, spine darkened, offsetting from laid-in ephemera, very good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor, Paul Jordan Smith. $30. ¶ New edition, revised & enlarged.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. AFFIRMATIONS. London: Walter Scott, 1898. 8vo. Original blue cloth, exterior a bit worn, otherwise, very good. Bookplate of former L.A. Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $30. ¶ First Edition in earliest issue binding. Collection of essays on Nietzsche, Casanova, Zola, Huysmans, St. Francis, et al.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. ESSAYS IN WAR-TIME. Further Studies in the Task of Social Hygiene. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1917. 8vo. Original blue cloth, gilt, tiny chip to spine edge, very good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor, Paul Jordan Smith. $20. ¶ First American Edition.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. IMPRESSIONS AND COMMENTS. First Series. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, [1926]. 8vo, portrait frontis. Orig. green cloth, bookseller’s ticket, very good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $25. ¶ Later printing.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. IMPRESSIONS AND COMMENTS. Third (and Final) Series 1920-1923. 1920 Boston: Houghton & Mifflin, 1924. 8vo, original green cloth, uniformally darkened, very good. Signature & margininal notes of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $20. ¶ First Edition.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. KANGA CREEK. An Australian Idyll Waltham: Golden Cockerel Press, 1922. 12mo. Original quarter yellow cloth over over somewhat browned, worn paper spine label, a few brown spots to front endpapers, remnants from a removed bookseller’s ticket on rear endpaper, good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $40. ¶ First Edition of Ellis’s first fictional work.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. MY CONFESSIONAL. Questions of Our Day. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1934. 8vo. Original red cloth. A very good copy in torn dust jacket. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $25. ¶ First Edition.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. THE DANCE OF LIFE. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1923. 8vo. Original green cloth, very good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $45. ¶ First American Edition, signed by the author in the year of publication.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. THE NEW SPIRIT. London: Walter Scott, [ca. 1920] 12mo. Original green cloth, worn paper spine label, lacking lower half of front free endpaper, somewhat worn, good. $25. ¶ Third edition of the author’s first book. Havelock Ellis scholar Paul Jordan Smith’s copy with his signature & annotations.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. A Dialogue in Utopia. London: Grant Richards, 1900. 12mo. Original blue cloth, browning to endpapers & paper spine label, very good. $30. ¶ First Edition. Ellis scholar Paul Jordan Smith’s copy with his signature & annotations.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. THE PHILOSOPHY OF CONFLICT AND OTHER ESSAYS IN WAR-TIME. Second Series. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1919. 8vo. Original green cloth, very good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $20. ¶ First American Edition.

 

ELLIS, Havelock. THE SOUL OF SPAIN. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1915. 8vo, frontis. Original green cloth, gilt, lightly worn, frontis. offsetting to title, very good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $20. ¶ First American Edition.

 

(ELLIS, Havelock). John Stewart Collis. HAVELOCK ELLIS: ARTIST OF LIFE. A Study of His Life and Work. New York: William Sloane, 1959. 8vo. Original black cloth gilt, corners worn; lightly worn, price-clipped dust jacket, very good. $20. ¶ First Edition.

 

ELLIS, Mrs. Havelock. THE MODERN SEERS: James Hinton - Nietzsche - Edward Carpenter. New York: Mitchell Kennerley, 1910. 8vo, 227pp. Orig. red cloth, gilt, spine darkened, ink annotations. A good copy. Signature of former L.A.Times literary editor Paul Jordan Smith. $35. ¶ First Edition.

 

ERASMUS. PARAPHRAESON... Basle 1522. $1250.

 

FABRE-D’OLIVET, [Antoine]. HERMENEUTIC INTERPRETATION OF THE ORIGIN OF THE SOCIAL STATE OF MAN and of the Destiny of the Adamic Race… New York: Putnam’s Sons, 1915. 8vo, lix, 548pp, frontis. portrait, 2 plates. Blue cloth, gilt, teg. Dampstaining to margins of first couple signatures, otherwise very good. $125. ¶ First Edition in English of Histoire Philosophique du Genre Humain. With a long inscription from the translator, Nayan Louise Redfield, in the year of publication. One of Fabre-d’Olivet’s (1767-1824) major works, a philosophical treatise on the history of mankind, was first issued in 1822 as De L’Etat Social de l’Homme, and expanded in 1824 as Histoire Philosophique du Genre Humain.

 

FICHTE, Johann Gottlieb. GRUNDLAGE DER GESAMMTEN WISSENSCHAFTSLEHRE und Grundriß des Eigenthümlichen der Wissenschaftslehre in Rücksicht auf das theoretische Vermögen. Tübingen: Joh. Georg Cotta’schen, 1802. 8vo, (4), xii, 448pp. Paste-paper boards, vellum label. Light external wear, label chipped, text browning. $200. ¶ Second Edition, Hans Jonas’s copy with his rubber stamp to the endpaper. First published in 1794, the revised second edition was the first to reflect Fichte’s burgeoning idealism that increased throughout his life.

 

FIDDES, Richard. A GENERAL TREATISE OF MORALITY. Form’d upon the Principles of Natural Reason Only. With a Preface in Answer to Two Essays Lately Published in the Fable of the Bees. And Some Incidental Remarks upon an Inquiry Concerning Virtue, by the Right Honourable Anthony Earl of Shaftsbury. London: for S. Billingsley, 1724. 8vo, (8), cxliv, 462, (2)pp. Contemp. calf, panelled in blind, red morocco label. Extremites worn, headcap chipped, signature to title page, several pen marks, still very good. $500.

¶ First Edition of Fiddes’s great contribution to the ethical argument raging between Bernard de Mandeville and Anthony, Earl of Shaftesbury. In Fable of the Bees , or Private Vices, Public Benefits (1714), Mandeville rejected the optimistic view of benevolent human nature put forward by Shaftesbury and argued that the mutual help on which society thrives is due to personal acquisitiveness and desire for luxury. In this General Treatise, Fiddes attacks Mandeville and defends Shaftesbury, who claimed that there is no conflict between the self-regarding and social affections because the individual’s own good is part and parcel of society’s good. Moreover, Shaftesbury insists that "moral sense" is man’s capacity to distinguish between good and bad actions. Fides furthers this argument, asserting that moral truth consists "in the contemplation of the moral perfections of the divine nature, the rule and model of perfection to all other intelligent beings." Richard Fiddes (1671-1725), divine and historian, is best rememered for the current work and his Life of Cardinal Wolsey, in which he attempted to vindicate Wolsey’s memory from the obloquy which continues to pursue it.

 

[GACON, François]. ANTI-ROUSSEAU par le Poète sans Fard. Rotterdam: Fritsch et Böhm, 1712. Sm. 8vo, xii, 534pp. With an inserted engraved title after B. Picart & 1 folding plate (with letterpress). Contemp. full calf, gilt backstrip, some wear to spine and joints, light browning. $250. ¶ First Edition. of a sharp attack on Jean-Baptiste Rousseau. Gacon (1667-1725) was a well known French author of slanderous & biting satires and epigrams. Curiously this work appeared in the same year in which Rousseau himself was banished from France for satirical couplets ascribed to him attacking prominent men of letters. Cioranescu 29968. Cohen-De Ricci 417. Quérard III, p.231.

 

(Grotius). MENANDER and Philemon. MENANDRI ET PHILEMONIS RELIQUIAE. Aquotquot Reperiri Potuerunt; Graece et Latine, Cum Notis Hugonis Grotii et Joannis Clerici. Amstelodami: Thomam Lombrail, 1709. 8vo, (16), 375, (23 as index)pp, 2 frontispieces. Contemporary full vellum, gilt ruled borders and ornaments. black lettered spine, raised bands, soiled, otherwise internally clean, very good. $250. ¶ First Edition thus, with facing text in Greek and Latin. Scarce; OCLC notes only three copies

 

[GUYON, Abbé Claude Marie]. L’ORACLE DES NOUVEAUX PHILOSOPHES. Pour Servir de Suite D’Eclaircissement Aux Oeuvres de M. de Voltaire. Berne [Paris?]: n.p., 1760. 8vo, xvi, 374pp. Contemporary mottled sheep, spine gilt with gilt red morocco label, marbled endpapers, joints and corners rubbed, covers lightly scuffed, internally very clean and crisp, a very good copy. $225. ¶ Piracy of the first edition of the same year, a critique of Voltaire as the prophet of the new philosophies of the Enlightenment (and perhaps as the critic of Guyon’s histories). Not in Brunet.

 

HADDON, Alfred C. HISTORY OF ANTHROPOLOGY. London: Watts, (1934). 16mo, 146pp, port. frontis. Orig. terra-cotta pictorial cloth, a very good copy in a chipped dust jacket. $25. ¶ Thinker’s Library, No.42.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. ERLÄUTERUNGEN ZU HÖLDERLINS DICHTUNG. Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, 1951. 8vo, 144pp. Orig. wrappers, chipped, repair with small taped repair at spine, signature to endpaper, otherwise very good. $50. ¶ Second Edition. NUC cites one copy (MU). Sass 52.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. EXISTENCE AND BEING. With an Introduction by Werner Brock. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1949. 8vo, 399pp. Orig. cloth, slight wear to spine ends, signature to endpaper, very good in lightly chipped dust jacket. $100. ¶ First American Edition of these four essays on the essence of metaphysics and of poetry, comprising the first American publication of a selected portion of the author’s work.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. FRÜHE SCHRIFTEN. Frankfurt: Vittoio Klostermann, (1972). 8vo, xi, 386, (2, ads)pp. Orig. cloth, fine in fine dust jacket. $100. ¶ First Edition, with presentation slip laid in. This volume brings together the three earliest writings before Sein und Zeit: Die Lehre vom Urteil im Psychologismus (1914, author’s dissertation), Die Kategorien- und Bedeutungslehre des Duns Scotus (1916, author’s inaugural dissertation) and Der Zeitbegriff in der Geschichtswissenschaft (1916). All is preceded by a forward by Heidegger, who hints at some autobiographical background to these early pieces. Sass 152.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. HÖLDERLIN UND DAS WESEN DER DICHTUNG. Munich: Albert Langen, Georg Müller, (1937). 8vo, 16pp. Orig. wrappers. Wrappers soiled & creased, otherwise very good. $75. ¶ Second printing. NUC cites seven copies of all editions. Sass 30.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. KANT UND DAS PROBLEM DER METAPHYSIK. Bonn: Friedrich Cohen, 1929. 8vo, xii, 236pp. Orig. cloth, lettered in gilt. Slight sunning to spine & wear to spine ends, otherwise nearly fine. $375. ¶ First Edition of the important interpretation of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Sass 18.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. KANT UND DAS PROBLEM DER METAPHYSIK. Bonn: Friedrich Cohen, 1929. 8vo, xii, 236pp. Orig. wrappers. Spine a bit cocked & worn, bookseller’s label tipped to inner back wrapper, otherwise very good. $300. ¶ First Edition of the important interpretation of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. This was issued simultaneously in wrappers and hard-bound. Sass 18.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. PLATONS LEHRE VON DER WAHRHEIT. Mit einem Brief über den "Humanismus." Bern: A. Francke, 1947. 8v0, 119, (1, ads)pp. Orig. boards. Signatures scratched from endpaper & half-title, otherwise fine. $75. ¶ First Separate Edition. Heidegger first delivered a shorter form of this essay in a two-hour lecture in 1930, and it was not until 1942 that it appeared in print, this occuring in the second volume of Ernesto Grassi’s yearly Geistige Überlieferung. But Heidegger forbid any mention of the book in the press, prevented any reviews from taking place, and obstructed the separate publication until years later. Sass 41.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. ÜBER DEN HUMANISMUS. Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, (1947). 8vo, 47pp. Orig. wrappers, barest chipping to foot of spine, otherwise fine. $50. ¶ First Separate Edition, a revision and expansion of the famous letter from Heidegger to Jean Beaufret. Sass 46. NUC cites two copies only (TNJ, IaU).

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. VOM WESEN DER WAHRHEIT. Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, (1943). 8vo, 28pp. Orig. wrappers, nearly fine. $100. ¶ First Edition. Sass 36.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. WAS HEISST DENKEN? Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, 1961. 8vo, (8), 175pp. Orig. cloth, signature to endpaper, otherwise fine in nearly fine dust jacket. $75. ¶ Second Edition. Sass 69.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. WAS IS METAPHYSIK? Bonn: Friedrich Cohen, 1929. 8vo, 29pp. Orig. printed wrappers, chipping & pencilled annotatations & ink signature, otherwise very good. $175. ¶ First Edition. Sass 17.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. WAS IS METAPHYSIK? Bonn: Friedrich Cohen, 1929. 8vo, 29pp. Orig. printed wrappers. Slight tear to spine, owner’s signature to front wrapper & half-title, spine darkened, text clean. $175. ¶ First Edition. Sass 17.

 

HEIDEGGER, Martin. ZUR SEINSFRAGE. Frankfurt: Vittorio Klostermann, (1956). 8vo, 44pp. Orig. wrappers, fine. $50. ¶ First Separate Edition, first published a year earlier under a different title in a festschrift for Ernst Jünger. NUC cites two copies (NIC PBm). Sass 73.

 

HEINE, Heinrich. THE PROSE WRITINGS OF HEINRICH HEINE. Edited by Havelock Ellis. London: Walter Scott, [ca. 1910]. 12mo. Original blue cloth, faded spine label, somewhat worn, good. Signature of former Los Angeles Times Literary Editor Paul Jordan Smith. $20. ¶ Reprint of 1887 original edition.

 

HELVETIUS, [Claude Adrian]. LE VRAI SENS DU SYSTEME DE LA NATURE, Ouvrage posthume de M. Helvetius. London: [n.p.], 1774. 8vo, (8), 151pp. With a title vignette, head & tail pieces. New marbled wrappers, some foxing on margins, otherwise very good. $400. ¶ First Edition of this philosophical treatise continuing the ideas presented in Holbach’s Système de la Nature (1770). It was later republished with Holbach’s work as the second part of it. According to Mornet and Lough it was written by Holbach himself, however it is more generally believed to by written by the French philosopher Helvetius (1715-1771), author of one of the ideological causes célèbres of the 18th century, De l’Esprit (1758). However, in Vercruysse’s opinion both attributions are doubtful. Quérard IV, p.61. See: Vercruysse, Biblographie descriptive des écrits du Baron d’Holbach, p.45, 1820 A2, 1821 A1, 1848 E1, 1957 E1. Not in Barbier.

 

HEVESI, Ludwig (collection of) BIBLIOTHECA UTOPISTICA. Munchen: Omnia-Minireprint, 1977. 8vo, 112pp. Black cloth, silver lettering. Very good. $125. ¶ Catalogue of the Hevesi collection by Gilhofer & Ranschburg.

 

[HOLBACH, Paul Henri Thiery, baron d’]. LE BON SENS PUISE DANS LA NATURE, ou Idées Naturelles opposées aux Idées Surnaturelles... Rome & Paris: Samson, 1794. 8vo, xii, 244pp. Orig. gray wrappers, endpapers from printer’s waste, a very good uncut copy. $350. ¶ Unrecorded edition of this controversial treatise by the French philosopher of German origin, Paul Heinrich Dietrich Holbach (1723-1789). Le Bon Sens, the most widely read of his works on political theory, was a popular version of Holbach’s political thought, described by him as "ethocracy." Holbach’s political theories served significantly to prepare for the French Revolution and were studied by Shelley, Marx and Engels; their influence was felt far into the 19th century. Holbach was also the foremost exponent of atheistic materialism and the most uncompromising polemicist against religion during the Enlightenment. After 1756 he published his works either anonymously or pseudonymously and was forced to have them printed out of France. This work was first published in 1772 in London, and like all works by Holbach it never appeared in collected form. Rare. This edition not in Vercruysse, Bibliographie Descriptive des Ecrits du Baron d’Holbach. Quérard, Cioranescu & INED do not mention this edition. Not in BL or NUC.

 

[HOLBACH, Paul Thierry Baron d’]. SYSTEME DE LA NATURE ou Des Loix du Monde Physique & du Monde Moral. Par M. Mirabaud. London [i.e. Amsterdam: M.M. Rey], 1770. 2 vols, 8vo, (12), 366; (6), 408pp. Old calf rebacked retaining orig. backstrips & endpapers, a good copy. $675. ¶ First Edition, second issue, with the errata corrected and the word London in the title followed by a period instead of a comma. This copy has the half-title to volume II, not called for by Verycruysse. A text of the first importance in philosophy; Holbach, hiding behind the names of recently dead famous authors, issued a stream of works published outside France that attacked religion as a wholly harmful influence. In this his greatest work he rejected Cartesian mind-body dualism and saw human action as entirely determined by pleasure and pain. He tried to create a morality and an ethic from an entirely materialistic and atheistic basis, and retained through all his works a fervent belief in determinism and in the power of education alone to help people change their circumstances. This text has been called "The Bible of Materialism" and provoked even Voltaire to reply in defence of religion; it represents the most extreme position of the free-thought movement of the eighteenth century. PMM 215. Verycruysse 1770-A-7.

 

HOLLAND, [Georg Jonathan, von]. REFLECTIONS PHILOSOPHIQUES SUR LE SYSTEME DE LA NATURE. Paris: Valade 1773. 2 vols. in 1, 8vo, (4), 246, (2), 274, (2)pp. Contemporary marbled calf, gilt backstrip, light wear at head, otherwise very good. $300. ¶ In this early example of criticism of Holbach’s controversial and influential Système de la Nature (1770) the German philosopher Holland (1742-1784) attacks Holbach’s method of argumentation and accuses him of sophism. Rare. NUC records 3 copies of this edition which appears to be the third. Cioranescu 34133 (1772 ed. only). Querard (2nd ed. in France only). Peignot, Livres Condamnés, pp.184-6: "Des principes dangereux en morale, en politique, et en réligion."

 

HOLLANDER, Bernard. IN SEARCH OF THE SOUL and the Mechanism of Thought, Emotion, and Conduct. London: Kegan, Paul, Trench, Trubner, (1916). 2 vols, 8vo, x, 516; vii, 360pp. Orig. blue cloth, gilt titles. Very good set. Scarce. $450. ¶ First Edition of Hollander’s classic work, "the greatest historical work on phrenology every published" (Gach). Volume 1 is a survey of philosophical and scientific research; volume two contains Hollander’s researches on ethology, the study of character. Includes a 187-page discussion of Gall. Born in Austria, Hollander (1864-1934), "one of the last of the more or less serious advocates of phrenology" (Cooter) had served as an assistant to Krafft-Ebbing and to Ferrier; he wrote several books on phrenology, hypnotism, psychiatry, eugenics, and a biography of Gall. Cooter 547.14.

 

(Hume, David). MURRAY, Thomas (Ed.). LETTERS OF DAVID HUME, and Extracts From Letters Referring to Him. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black. 1841. 8vo, 80pp, frontispiece facsimile of Hume’s handwriting. Original brown cloth, gilt lettered, stamped borders and decoration, light wear to extremities, sm. tear near spine head, sunning to board perimeters, occasional mild foxing, otherwise quite good. $300. ¶ First Edition, Inscribed, "The Rev. Andrew Elliot, with best compliments from The Editor."

 

HUSSERL, Edmund. FORMALE UND TRANSZENDENTALE LOGIK. Versuch einer Kritik der logischen Vernunft. Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1929 8vo, xii, 298pp. Orig. printed boards, cloth spine. Slight wear to extremities, few spots of foxing to spine, owner’s signature to title, very good & bright. $350. ¶ First Separate Edition, an offprint from Jahrbuch für Philosophie und phänomenologische Forschung. In this late monument, "incontestablement le chef-d’oeuvre de sa maturité" (J. English, Dictionnaire des oeuvres philosophiques), Husserl restates his explanation of the "transcendental ego," also called "pure consciousness," maintaining that it exists "absolutely" and that all else exists "relative" to it. Several years later, Husserl changed his position, suggesting that the transcendental ego is "correlative," rather than relative, to the world, and perplexing historians of philosophy to this day. Lapointe p.12. Risse II, p.211.

 

HUSSERL, Edmund. VORLESUNGEN ZUR PHÄNOMENOLOGIE DES INNEREN ZEITBEWUSSTSEINS. Herausgegeben von Martin Heidegger. Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1928. 8vo, v, 130, (2)pp. Orig. printed cloth. Barest external soiling, otherwise fine. $300. ¶ First Separate Edition, extracted from the Jahrbuch für Philosphie und phänomenologische Forschung, of which Husserl was the editor. Includes a two-page preface by Heidegger. Lapointe p.12. Sass 15.

 

HUXLEY, Julian ed. ALDOUS HUXLEY 1894-1963. A Memorial Volume. New York: Harper & Row, (1963). 8vo. Original red cloth in dust jacket, nearly fine. $25. ¶ First American Edition. Collection of essays on Huxley by those who knew him best including brother Julian, T.S. Eliot, Leonard Woolf, Sir Kenneth Clark et al.

 

JAMES, William. TALKS TO TEACHERS ON PSYCHOLOGY: And to Students on Some of Life’s Ideals. New York: Henry Holt, 1899. 8vo, xii, 301, (3, ads)pp. Orig. cloth, blocked in gilt on front board & spine, t.e.g. Wear to spine ends, rubber stamp to title, otherwise very good. $125. ¶ First Edition, a collection of talks and speeches given under a variety of circumstances. Perry p.40.

 

JEVON, W. Stanley. THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE: a Treatise on Logic and Scientific Method. London: Macmillan, 1883. 8vo, xliv, 786,(1 advts.) pp, with a frontispiece woodcut of a computer & a few sketches & diagrams in the text. Orig. brick cloth, hinges shaken, otherwise very good. $150. ¶ A re-issue of the 1877 second edition of one of the cornerstones of computer literature. Jevons, a brilliant economist, mathematician, & logician, created the first working analog computer. Depicted on the famous woodcut frontispiece, it was called the "logical piano" because it resembled a small upright piano with 21 keys for classes & operations in an equational logic. The machine earned much acclaim at its exhibition at the Royal Society in 1870. "It actually solved problems with superhuman speed & accuracy, & some of its features can be traced in modern computer design" (DSB, VII, pp.103-107).

 

JEVONS, W. Stanley. THE PRINCIPLES OF SCIENCE: a Treatise on Logic and Scientific Method. Second Edition, Revised. London & New York: Macmillan, 1877. 8vo, xliv, 786pp, frontispiece plate of ‘The Logical Machine’ devised by Jevons. Orig. brick cloth. Very good. $1250. ¶ Josiah Royce’s copy, with his signature and a long quotation from Kant in his hand on the half-title. In this famed work Jevons defines the laws of logical thought as governed primarily by inductive inquiry and deductive reasoning, supported with experimental verification.

 

KANT, Immanuel. CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON London: William Pickering, 1838. 8vo, xxxvi, (ii errata leaf), 656, (i printer’s slug)pp, with Pickering’s 16pp catalogue bound in the front. Orig. green cloth, recased with repairs to spine ends and hinges, orig. paper label worn, early scholarly pencil annotations throughout. Very good. $3000. ¶ First Edition in English of Critik der Reinen Vernunft, a foundation stone of modern philosophy. "The influence of Kant is paramount in the critical method of modern philosophy. No other thinker has been able to hold with such firmness the balance between speculative and empirical ideas. His penetrating analysis of the elements involved in synthesis, and the subjective process by which these elements are realized in the individual consciousness, demonstrated the operation of ‘pure reason’; and the simplicity and cogency of his arguments achieved immediate fame... His methods... dominated western philosophical thought throughout the nineteenth century, as they do today" (Printing & the Mind of Man).

 

KANT, Immanuel. ZUM EWIGEN FRIEDEN. Ein philosophischer Entwurf von. Faksimile-Neudruck der Erst-Ausgabe von 1795 fuer die Mitglieder der Forum-Gesellschaft. Herausgegeben von Wilhelm Herzog. Berlin & Munich: Forum-Verlag, 1917. 12mo, (2), 104pp. Quarter-cloth, very good. $25. ¶ Facsimile reprint of the first edition.

 

[LAO TZE]. CARUS, Paul, ed. T’AI-SHANG KAN-YING P’IEN. Treatise of the Exalted One on Response and Retribution. Translated from the Chinese by Teitaro Suzuki and Dr. Paul Carus. Containing Introduction, Chinese text, Verbatim Translation, Explanatory Notes and Moral Tales. With Sixteen Plates by Chinese Artists and a Frontispiece by Keichyu Yamada. Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 1906. 8vo, 139pp, frontispiece, 16 b&w plates. Quarter cloth, paper boards lettered in red and decorated in yellow, bookplate, very mild wear. Fine. $50. ¶ First Edition of a new translation, the most complete at the time, of one of the great Chinese philosopher’s lesser known works, here presented in both a lexicological exact translation and a readable English version.

 

LESCURE, M. de. LES FEMMES PHILOSOPHES. Paris: E. Dentu, 1881. 8vo, (4), 393, (2)pp. Orig. printed wrappers, untrimmed. Scattered marginalia, occasional ownership stamp throughout text, exteriors soiled, edge of wrapper torn. Good. $35. ¶ First Edition, with chapters on the learned women surrounding Fontenelle, Voltaire and Rousseau, including Lespinasse, Staal, Epinay, Choiseul, Noailles, and Madame Helvetius.

 

(LUKACS). CONVERSATIONS WITH LUKACS, Hans Heinz Holz, Leo Kofler, Wolfgang Abendroth, Edited by Theo Pinkus. Cambridge: MIT Press, [1974]. 8vo, 155pp. Cloth. Fine in dust jacket. $25. ¶ First Edition in English.

 

LUKACS, Georg. DIE SEELE UND DIE FORMEN. ESSAYS. Berlin: Egon Fleischel, 1911. 8vo, (6), 373, (3)pp. Orig. cloth, lettered in gilt, nearly fine but for miniscule shelfwear. $450. ¶ First Edition of Lukacs’ first book and perhaps last work to strictly adhere to Wilhelm Dilthey’s antipositivistic method of understanding the past through acts of imaginative recovery. The volume includes essays on Rudolf Kassner, Kierkegaard, Theodor Storm, Stefan George, Richard Beer-Hofmann, Lawrence Sterne, Paul Ernst and others. "No one has brought to the moral and intellectual dilemmas besetting literary criticism a more radical solution than Georg Lukács. In his work two beliefs are incarnate. First, that literary criticism is not a luxury… but a central and militant force toward shaping men’s lives. Secondly… that the work of the critic is neither subjective nor uncertain. Criticism is a science with its own rigour and precision… Lukács is the one philosophic talent to have emerged from the grey servitude of the Marxist world" (George Steiner, Language and Silence).

 

LUKACS, Georg. DIE THEORIE DES ROMANS, ein Geschichtsphilosophischer Versuch über die Formen der großen Epik. Berlin: Paul Cassirer, 1920. 8vo, 170pp. Orig. tan boards printed in yellow, spine barely faded, occasional light underlining in pencil, otherwise fine. $500. ¶ First Edition of a landmark of 20th century esthetics. Die Theorie des Romans remains the most potent analysis to date of the European novel by a Marxist critic, a work in which, after Hegel, Lukács describes the novel as a "bourgeois epic," wherein the alientaed solitary hero is constanly in conflict with his environment. "No one has brought to the moral and intellectual dilemmas besetting literary criticism a more radical solution than Georg Lukács. In his work two beliefs are incarnate. First, that literary criticism is not a luxury… but a central and militant force toward shaping men’s lives. Secondly… that the work of the critic is neither subjective nor uncertain. Criticism is a science with its own rigour and precision… Lukács is the one philosophic talent to have emerged from the grey servitude of the Marxist world" (George Steiner, Language and Silence).

 

[MACHIAVELLI, Niccolas]. MACHIAVELS DISCOURSES. UPON THE FIRST DECADE OF T. LIVIUS TRANSLATED OUT OF THE ITALIAN; With Some Marginall Animadversions Noting and Taxing His Errours. London: William Hills & Daniel Pakeman, 1636. 12mo, (42), 646pp, lacking half title. Contemporary calf, raised bands, gilt title & date, rebacked, new endpapers, sewn very tightly, dampstaining to early leaves, otherwise very good. $1500. ¶ First Edition in English. Nicholas Machiavelli (1469-1527), statesman and political philosopher, wrote the present work during the last fifteen years of his life. Written as a commentary, it is actually an examination of the structure and government of states. The Prince, one of the most popular books of its day, developed directly from this work. The unification of Italy was seen as being of such importance that any means used to attain this goal were considered legitimate, as Machiavelli attempts to point out in his works. Printed by Thomas Paine. Hazlitt II,375; STC 17160. Cockle.

 

MACKENZIE, John S. AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY. Glasgow: James Maclehose & Sons, 1895. 8vo. Orig. blue cloth, gilt, armorial bookplate of Library of Princeton University PHilosophical Seminary, ink stamps, foxing to endpapers, good. $20. ¶ Second edition, revised & enlarged.

 

(Mardersteig). CROCE, Benedetto. FILOSOFIA POESIA STORIA. Pagine tratte da tutte le opere a cura dell’autore. Milan: Riccardo Ricciardi, [ca. 1951]. Thick 8vo, (8), 1245, (8)pp. Frontis., cloth, some browning, very good. $60. ¶ A major work by Croce (1866-1952), philosopher and founder of Italian historicism. This work is a collection of aesthetic, philosophical and historical writings on Italian literature. Printed by Giovanni Mardersteig at the Stamperia Valdonega.

 

MAX MÜLLER, Friedrich. THREE LECTURES ON THE VEDANTA PHILOSOPHY. Delivered at the Royal Institution in March, 1894. London: Longmans, Green, 1894. 8vo,vii, 173, (2) as author’s oeuvre, 24pp as publisher’s catalogue. Teal cloth, gilt lettered, stamped ruled borders, corners bumped, cloth and head edge damp stained, light wear, otherwise good. $35. ¶ First Edition of a fine introduction to the system of Indian philosophy, Vedanta, with analysis of its origins, the Soul and God, and a discussion of the similarities and the differences between Indian and European philosophy. Max Müller (1823-1900), British philologist, editor of the Sacred Book of the East, exerted an extraordinary influence on the study of Indian and Oriental language, religion and mythology.

 

MAXIMUS TYRIUS. SEMONES E Graeca in Latinum Linguam Versi Cosmo Paccio Interprete. Basel: Froben, 27 January 1519. Folio, 170, (2)pp (a4, b-p6), 3 full-page woodcut border (inc. the title-page), 42 9-line woodcut pictorial initals, woodcut tailpieces, woodcut printer’s device on fine leaf. Title-page border signed A.H., i.e. Ambrosius Holbien. Later full calf with device of the Order of the Garder blind stamped on front board, rebacked with gilt title and rules, bookplate of the Earl of Gower (prob. John Leveson-Gower d.1754, first Earl Gower. Very good. $2000. ¶ Second (?) edition (first printed in 1517 but without the dedication to Jean Grolier). Edited by Beatus Rhenanus and translated by Cosmo Pacio, the Dissertations are a passionate defense of Christian Platonism. Thomas Taylor the Platonist translated the work into English in 1804. Grolier was treasurer of Milan during the French occupation and in 1518 Erasmus wrote to him on the suggestion of F.G. Calvo the bookseller, whose business extended to Basel and Paris amongst other centers. This must have been a fruitful move for, as Biietenholz notes, "in 1519 Beatus Rhenanus dedicated to him an edition of Maximus Tyrius then published by Froben." Grolier prized Italian books above all others but is known to hav had several Basel imprints in his renowned collection. This work must evidently have pleased him as he sent Rhenanus an elaborate response. Bietenholz, Basle & France in the 16th Century, p.200. Isaak 14201. Pfeiffer pp.83-85. Not in Adams.

 

MAXIMUS, Tyrius. SERMONES E GRAECA IN LATINA, LINGUAM VERSI Cosmo Paccio Interprete. Basel: Froben, 27 January 1519. 4to, 170, (2)pp, 3 woodcut borders (incl. title-page), numerous 9-line initials and tailpieces throughout, printer’s device. Title-page border signed A.H., i.e. Ambrosius Holbien. Modern boards with paper label to backstrip, all edges stained, small tear to title-page not affecting text, very light foxing to a few leaves throughout, slight water stain to upper margin of first 10 leaves not affecting text, else internally very clean and bright. $2250. ¶ Second (?) edition (first printed in 1517 but without the dedication to Jean Grolier). Edited by Beatus Rhenanus and translated by Cosmo Pacio, the Dissertations are a passionate defense of Christian Platonism. Thomas Taylor the Platonist translated the work into English in 1804. Grolier was treasurer of Milan during the French occupation and in 1518 Erasmus wrote to him on the suggestion of F.G. Calvo the bookseller, whose business extended to Basel and Paris amongst other centers. This must have been a fruitful move for, as Biietenholz notes, "in 1519 Beatus Rhenanus dedicated to him an edition of Maximus Tyrius then published by Froben." Grolier prized Italian books above all others but is known to hav had several Basel imprints in his renowned collection. This work must evidently have pleased him as he sent Rhenanus an elaborate response. Bietenholz, Basle & France in the 16th Century, p.200. Isaak 14201. Pfeiffer pp.83-85. Not in Adams.

 

MILL, John Stuart. AUTOBIOGRAPHY. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Dyer, 1873. 8vo, vi, 313, (2 ads)pp. Orig. green cloth, gilt title. Light wear. $250. ¶ First edition of Mill’s famous autobiography. "Carlyle called him a ‘logic-chopping machine,’ and he had perhaps one of the finest thinking-organs the world has ever known; but he had also a personal warmth not usually associated with logicians. As a man he was hightly emotional, sensitive, and tender-hearted… he hated oppression and injustice, was affectionate, truly public-spirited, and warmly generous" (Haycraft & Kunitz).

 

(Montesquieu). DEDIEU, Joseph. MONTESQUIEU. Paris: Félix Alcan, 1913. 8vo, viii, 358pp. Wine library buckram, orig. wrappers bound in. Signature and ink notations on f.e.p. and f.f.e.p. Very good. $45. ¶ First Edition. "Essential work. Shows how historical method gradually gained ascendance over deductive method in guiding thought of Montesquieu" (Cabeen). Cabeen 1548.

 

(Montesquieu). [DESTUTH DE TRACY, Antoine Louis Claude]. COMMENTAIRE SUR L’ESPRIT DES LOIS DE MONTESQUIEU; suivi d’Observations Inédites de Condorcet sur le vingt-neuvième livre du même Ouvrage… Paris: Delaunay & Mongie Aîné, 1819. 8vo, xvi, 476pp. Old quarter violet morocco, backstrip faded to brown, bookplate, a fine copy. $150. ¶ Early edition, first printed in 1817. Tracy (1754-1836) belonged to that sect of philosophers called idealogues by Napoleon; his old and noble family played a prominent role in the revolution and he himself renounced his title in 1789. It was restored by Louis XVIII. This work, according to the preface, was first printed in English at Philadelphia in 1811, translated by Thomas Jefferson. It was used as a textbook at the college of William and Mary. Not in Marke.

 

MYER, Isaac - Solomon Ben Yehudah Ibn Gebirol. QABALAH. The Philosophical Writings of Solomon Ben Yehudah Ibn Gebirol or Avicebron and Their Connection with the Hebrew Qabbalah and Sepher ha-Zohar, with remarks upon the antiquity and content of the latter, and translations of selected passages of the same. Also An Ancient Lodge of Initiates, translated from the Zohar... Philadelphia: The Author, 1888. Folio, xxiv, 499pp, plates. Green cloth, gilt stamped red calf spine label. Very good, uncut copy. $850. ¶ First Edition, first issue, one of only 150 copies printed.

 

NIETZSCHE, Friedrich. THUS SPAKE ZARATHUSTRA, A Book for All and None. Translated by Thomas Common. New York: Macmillan, 1911. 8vo, xxvi, 458pp. Disbound, underlinings and notes of Paul Jordan Smith. $100. ¶ Early Edition in English, from the Complete Works edited by Oscar Levy.

 

PASCAL, Blaise. MISCELLANEOUS WRITINGS. Consisting of Letters, Essays, Conversations, and Miscellaneous Thoughts. (The greater part heretofore unpublished in this country, and a large portion from the original MSS.) Newly translated from the French edition of M.P. Faugère. With Introduction and Notes by George Pearce. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1849. 8vo, xliv, 410pp. Old half blue calf, marbled boards, edges sprinkled red, upper cover rehinged, title browned, otherwise very good. $200. ¶ First Edition in English. Pascal (1623-1662), mathematician, scientist, and philosopher, the great apologist for Jansenism and single-handed debunker of Jesuit casuistry, was one of the greatest masters of irony and possessed of a style without peer. Faugère produced the first editions of Pascal with any claim to accuracy, especially with regard to the mass of material left in manuscript at Pascal’s death. Pearce worked with Faugère to publish the first English edition, continued into three volumes. Smith p.112.

 

PEIRCE, Charles S. VALUES IN A UNIVERSE OF CHANCE. Selelcted Writings of Charles S. Peirce (1839-1014). Edited with an Introduction and Notes by Philip P. Wiener. Stanford University Press, 1958. 8vo, xxvi, 446pp. Fine copy in lightly worn jacket. Name on endpaper. $75. ¶ Includes first appearances of a number of papers. Charles Sanders Peirce was the founder of semiotics and one of the leading figures in symbolic logic, as well as the inventor of the philosophical term "pragmatisim." He is supposed to have ben able to write with both hands simultaneously - a problem with the right hand and its solution with the left. He was a drug addict, taking opium and, later, cocaine, to relieve the pain from chronic neuralgia.

 

PLOTINUS. [WORKS]. London: Philip Lee Warner, Publisher to the Medici Society, 1917-30. 5 vols, lg 8vo. Light blue boards with tan linen backstrips, paper labels on fron covers & spines (spare labels tipped in). Some covers lightly soiled & stained, light wear to corners, bookplate, otherwise very good. $750. ¶ First Edition, one of 1000 copies printed on all-rag paper, translated by Stephen McKenna with the assistance of B.S. Page in volume V. This is the most important English Plotinus and "one of the very few great translations produced in our time" (E.R. Dodds).

 

REMUSAT, Charles [François Marie, comte de]. ESSAIS DE PHILOSOPHIE. Paris: Librairie Philosophique de Lagrange, 1842. 2 vols, 8vo, (4), iv, 546; (4), 595pp. Later half brown morocco, red tops, owner’s stamp on titles, a nice set. $150. ¶ First Edition. De Remusat (1797-1875), was the son of the famous femme des lettres, Mme. de Remusat. For the posthumous publication of his mother’s Essai sur l’Education des Femmes, he was awarded a medal from the Académie Française, of which he later became a member. This comprehensive philosophical study, beginning with an analysis of Descartes, Reid and Kant, dedicates itself to the definition of basic philosophical terms like matter, judgement, spirit, reality, the inductive method, skepticism etc. Quérard VI, 150.

 

RICHARDS, I.A. MENCIUS ON THE MIND. Experiments in Multiple Definition. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1932. 8vo, xv, 131, 44, (7 pub. ads) pp. Teal cloth gilt lettered with publisher’s vignette, frontispiece. Fine. $35. ¶ First Edition. Richards explores the various modes of Chinese meaning and the difficulties in translating the great Chinese thinkers into English by discussing problems in translating, the types of utterance in Mencius, Mencius’ view of the mind, and techniques for comparative studies. With a 44pp appendix of passages of psychology from Mencius, in the original Chinese and in English.

 

RIDING, Laura. ANARCHISM IS NOT ENOUGH. Garden City: Doubleday, Doran, 1928. 8vo, 224pp. Original orange boards, worn at the extremities in a worn dust jacket, lacking a one inch section of the spine, otherwise very good. $80. ¶ First American edition, from the British sheets.

 

ROBACK, Dr. A[braham]. A.[ron]. JEWISH INFLUENCE IN MODERN THOUGHT. Cambridge, Mass.: Sci-Art Publishers, 1929. 8vo, 506pp, port. frontis. Orig. blue cloth, gilt, spine ends worn, ink stamp & a few leaves unopened, a good copy. $30. ¶ First Edition.

 

[ROBINET, Jean-Baptiste-René]. DE LA NATURE. Amsterdam: Van Harrevelt, 1761-64. 2 vols, 8vo, xii, 456; xvi, 647pp. Engraved frontis. & title-vignette in vol. 1. Contemp. mottled calf, morocco labels, gilt spines, edges worn. $450. ¶ First Edition of the author’s first book, with the rare second volume published three years later. De la Nature created a great scandal on publication and was for a time attributed to Diderot, Helvetius or Toussaint. Hoefer calls it "un livre bizarre" for its outrageous philosophy of the universe and the soul; but also included are interesting thoughts on the arts and sciences, commerce and agriculture. The controversy surrounding the work naturally led to refutations, notably those of Abbé Barruel and Charles Louis Richard. Others found inspiration in Robinet’s book, including Azais in his Traité des Compensations Humaines. Robinet (1735-1820), who had studied with the Jesuits as a youth, continued to write numerous books, though of a more conservative nature. Fluent in English, he published several grammars and dictionaries and translated the works of Hume. He published the Lettres Secrètes de Voltaire in 1765, and in collaboration with Franklin and Court de Gébelin he began a periodical entitled Affaires de l’Angleterre et de l’Amerique, 1776, 15 volumes. Quérard VIII, p.86. Peignot, Livres Condamnés II, 441. INED 3862. Not in NUC or BL.

 

ROLLAND, Romain. THE IDOLS. Together with a Letter by M. Rolland to Dr. van Eeden on The Rights of Small Nationalities. Translated by C.K. Ogden. Cambridge: Bowes & Bowes, 1915. 8vo, 12pp. Original light blue sewn wrappers, lightly worn & somewhat sunned, small tear to upper spine, very good. $40. ¶ First Seperate Printing in English, previously published in the Journal de Genève in 1914 and translated in The Cambridge Magazine in February, 1915. One of a series pacifist manifestos, for which, in part Rolland received the 1917 Nobel Award for Literature. Scarce.

 

ROSS, James. ON PROTOPLASM: Being an Examination of Dr. James Hutchinson Stirling’s Criticism of Professor Huxley’s Views. London: Robert Hardwicke, 1874. 8vo, (4), 125, (1, blank), (1, ad). Orig. red cloth, gilt. Light wear, library marks to cloth, library stamp on front paste-down & title page. $125. ¶ First Edition, presentation copy, inscribed "with the author’s compliments." This work reflects a controversy that raged in philosophical circles in Edinburgh in the late 1860s and 1870s. As there were a number of personalities involved in this dispute, including the Archbishop of York, this book reflects a variety of opinions held in the philosophical community on the nature of life and matter. James Ross (1837-1892), member of the Royal College of Physicians, published a number of ingenious works the nervous system, Darwin’s theory of pangenesis, a famous classification of nervous diseases that was the first large textbook of its kind. He was known for his "endearing absentmindedness caused by his preoccupation with philosophical problems" (Munk’s Roll (1955) IV, p.290).

 

(Rousseau). PRESENCE DE JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU. Entretiens de Genève, 1962. (Annales de la Société Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Vol. XXXV). Geneva: Armand Colin, 1963. 8vo, 457pp. Orig. ochre wrappers (slight foxing on bottom of upper cover), a very clean copy partially unopened. $50. ¶ Selection of critical essays presented at the above-named convention, organized by la Société Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

 

(Rousseau). BARRÈS, Maurice. LE BI-CENTENAIRE DE JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU. Paris: Éditions de "l’Independance," 1912. Sm. 4to, 22, (6)pp, printed on card stock. Orig. wrappers, upper joint starting, lightly dust-soiled but still very good. $75. ¶ Limited to 875 numbered copies of an honorary address made by one of the "masters of thought of the time" (Brooks 6897) on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of Rousseau’s birth.

 

(Rousseau). DUCROS, Louis. JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU. De Monmorency au Val de Travers (1757-1765). Paris: E. de Boccard, 1917. 8vo, viii, 331, (4)pp. Printed wrappers, somewhat worn, sparse foxing. Good. $35.

 

ROUSSEAU, J(ean)-J(acques). DU CONTRAT SOCIAL. Avec une introduction, des notes et un commentaire par Maurice Halbwachs. Aubier: Montaigne, (1943). 8vo, 462pp. Yellow printed wrappers (some offsetting to covers), otherwise a very nice copy with many leaves unopened. $25.

 

ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques. JULIE, OU LA NOUVELLE HELOISE. Lettres de Deux Amans, Habitans d’une petite Ville au pied des Alpes. Amsterdam: Marc Michel Rey, 1761. 6 vols, 12mo, (16), 407, (1); (4), 319, (1); (4), 255, (1); (4), 331; (4), 311, (1); (4), 312, 24 (Recueil d’Estampes)pp, 12 engraved plates, vignettes on titles, complete with all half titles. Contemp. calf, light edge wear, modern slipcase. Very good set. $6000. ¶ True First Edition of La Nouvelle Heloise, with engraved title vignettes in vols. 2-5, and with the 12 plates engraved by Gravelot seldom found in the first edition. Dufour 87. Tchemerzine X, p.38. McEachern, Bibliography of the Writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau to 1800. "Julie, ou la Nouvelle Héloïse," 362 (explaining variants of the title ornaments).

 

(ROUSSEAU, Jean-Jacques). PROJET CONCERNANT DE NOUVEAUX SIGNES POUR LA MUSIQUE, lu par l’Auteuar à l’ Académie des Sciences. Geneva: [Moultou & Du Peyrou], 1781. 8vo, 438pp (incl. 19 plates), 1 folding plate. Modern wrappers, marbled endpapers, marbled edges. Barest of occasional foxing & browning, miniscule hole poked in text of K1, 1-inch tear to folding plate, occasional marking in colored pencil & library stamping, otherwise very good. $350. ¶ Volume XVI of the first or second edition of the the complete works. Includes Project concernant de nouveaux signes de Musique, Dissertation dur la Musique moderne, Essai sur l’Origine des Langues, Lettre à M. l’Abbé Raynal, Examen de deux principes avancés par M. Rameau, and Lettre à M. Burney, suivie d’une Réponse du Petit-Faiseur. The plates in the Dissertation represent Rousseau’s novel method of musical notation, and the essay on Rameau is Rousseau’s response to Rameu’s criticism of Rousseau’s articles on music in the Encyclopédie. The important essay on the origin of language contains chapters on harmony, on an alleged analogy between sound and color, and on the music of the Greeks. The Lettre à M. Burney is an analysis of the "Alceste" written at Gluck’s request. Sénelier 1.897.

 

(Rousseau). LEMAITRE, Jules. JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU, Translated by Jeanne Mairet. New York: McClure, 1917. 8vo, 365pp. Cloth. Very good in dust jacket. $20. ¶ First American Edition of this series of lectures on Rousseau, rare in this early dust jacket.

 

(Rousseau). MONGLOND, André. VIES PRÉROMANTIQUES. Les Deux Dernières Années de Rousseau et les Rêveries du Promeneur Solitaire. La Vie Intérieure d’un Conventionnel Disciple de Jean-Jacques. - La Jeunesse sde Sénancour. - Clés d’Adolphe. Paris: Éditions des Presses Françaises, 1925. 8vo, 288, (5)pp, frontispiece. Orig. printed wrappers. Very good. $40. ¶ First Edition of a charming work on Rousseau’s latter years by Monglond, the bibliographer of the Revolution. Cabeen 2180.

 

(Rousseau). NICOLINI, Fausto. LA SIGNORA D’ÉPINAY e L’ABATE GALIANI. Lettere Inedite (1769-1772). Bari: Gius. Laterza & Figli, 1929. 8vo, 394pp. Orig. printed wrappers. A very good unopened copy. $35. ¶ A volume from the Biblioteca de Cultura Moderna. Louise-Florence, Madame d’Epinay (1726-83) was a distinguished member of the intellectual society of her day, a protectress of Rousseau, a friend of Diderot, for twenty-seven years on intimate terms with Grimm, and after 1769 the correspondent of Galiani. Besides her letters she left an autobiographical romance (published as Mémoires in 1818), giving a vivid picture of the the circle in which she moved, and throwing light on a phase of Rousseau’s career.

 

(Rousseau). NOURRISSON, Jean-Fèlix. J.-J. ROUSSEAU ET LE ROUSSEAUISME. Paris: Thorin et Fils, 1903. 8vo, xv, (1), 507, (2)pp. Printed wrappers, ownership stamp on front cover; aoverall light browning, a very nice, unopened copy with an inscription by the author on half-title. $44.

 

(Rousseau). SAUSSURE, Hermine de. ROUSSEAU ET LES MANUSCRITS DES CONFESSIONS. Ouvrage publié avec le concours du Centre national de la Recherche Scientifique. Paris: E. de Boccard, 1958. 8vo, (4), 384, (1)pp, frontispiece. Beige printed wrappers, slight foxing to front cover, otherwise a fine copy but for ink annotation on front flyleaf. $60.

 

(Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot). TORNEZY, A. LA LÉGENDE DE "PHILOSOPHES" VOLTAIRE, ROUSSEAU, DIDEROT. Peints par eux-mèmes. Paris: Perrin, 1911. 8vo, (4), 459, (1)pp. Orig. printed wrappers, foxed, very good. $30.

 

(Royce, Josiah). VENN, John. SYMBOLIC LOGIC. Second Edition, Revised and Rewritten. London: Macmillan, 1894. 8vo, xxxviii, 540pp. Publisher’s maroon cloth, gilt title. A very good, recased copy. $550. ¶ With the signature of Josiah Royce, dated October, 1900, on the endpaper. The influential logician John Venn (1834-1923) first issued Symbolic Logic in 1881, a work which "represented a successful attempt, heretofore neglected even by W.S. Jevons, to rationalize and interpret the mechanism of Boole’s processes" (DSB). Venn collected what was then probably the largest library on logic in private hands which he presented to Cambridge University Library in 1888.

 

(Russell, Bertrand). MARTIN, Werner. BERTRAND RUSSELL, A Bibliography of his Writings Eine Bibliographie seiner Schriften 1895-1976. Hamden: Linnet Books, 1981. 8vo, 332pp. Wrappers. Very good. $45.

 

[SAINT-MARTIN, Louis Claude de]. DES ERREURS ET DE LA VERITE, ou les Hommes rappellés au Principe universel de la Science. Par un Ph[ilosophe] Inc[onnu]. Premiere Partie [only]. Edinburgh, 1782. 8vo, (4), 8, 263; (2), 435pp. Later marbled boards backed in pebbled cloth. Very good. $250. ¶ The first part of the most important work of the famed Philosophe Inconnu, first published in 1775 and accompanied by the chevalier de Suze’s Suite des Erreurs et de la Vérité (Salomonopolis: Androphile, 1784). St. Martin (1743-1803), former law student and military man, wrote this ardent attack on materialism based on gnostic ideas in four short months in 1774. During the revolution he was banned from Paris, but continued to advocate his spiritualistic ideas, calling himself – referring to the social isolation – the "Robinson Crusoe of Spiritualism". Bibliotheca Esoterica 4309. Caillet III, 9769. De Guaita 931 & 932. The first volume lacks the second part of 284pp.

 

(Sartre). JOLIVET, Régis. SARTRE. The Theology of the Absurd. Translated by Wesley C. Piersol. Westminster, MD: Newman Press, 1967. 8vo, 111pp. Blue cloth, gilt lettered, dust jacket, fine in near fine dj. $55. ¶ First Edition in English, a Review Copy with publisher’s slip laid-in.

 

SCHOPENHAUER, Arthur. ESSAYS OF SCHOPENHAUER TRANSLATED. London: Walter Scott, [1897]. 8vo, xxxiv, 224, (14)pp as publisher’s catalogue. Black cloth, darkened paper spine label, untrimmed, light wear, light foxing, otherwise very good. Owner’s signature. $45. ¶ Thirteen of the philosopher’s essays including: On Women, On Suicide, The Emptiness of Existence, Metaphysics of Love, etc., with an informative Preliminary and Biographical Note by translator Mrs. Rudolf Dircks. From The Scott Library, number 102 in their series of world literary masterpieces.

 

(Schopenhauer). LABAN, Ferdinand. DIE SCHOPENHAUER-LITERATUR. New York: Burt Franklin, 1970. 8vo, 123pp. Maroon cloth. Fine $25. Reprint of 1880 edition.

 

(Skeptic, A). AN ESSAY ON THE ETERNITY OF THE WORLD. By a Sceptic. London: J. Griffin, 1822. 8vo, 3-38pp. Disbound, very good. $35. ¶ Unusual essay on ontology, reviewing the history of the topic and proposing a theory. Not in NUC or BMC.

 

STERNBERGER, Adolf. DER VERSTANDENE TOD. Eine Untersuchung zu Martin Heideggers Existential-Ontologie. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der Philosophischen Fakultät der Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe-Universität Frankfurt a. M. Gräfenhainichen: A. Heine, 1933. 8vo, 150pp. Disbound, spine taped. $200. ¶ First appearance of the author’s inaugural disserations, published a year earlier than the first edition, this copy from the library of Hans Jonas, with his rubber stamp to the title. Adolf Sternberger (b.1907) studied under Jaspars at Heidelberg and later under Heidegger and Tillich in Freiburg and Frankfurt. Tillich was his advisor on this dissertation. Not in NUC.

 

STIRNER, Max. THE EGO AND HIS OWN. Translated From the German by Steven T. Byington With an Introduction by J.L. Walker. New York: Benj. R. Tucker, 1907. 8vo, xx, 506, (15)pp as publisher’s catalogue. Pale brown cloth, cream leaf lettering, backstrip lettering faded, light edge soiling, otherwise near fine. $200.

¶ First Edition in English of Stirner’s Der Einzige und sein Eigentum (1845), "one of the most formidable assaults on authoritarianism ever launched" (James J. Martin, Introduction to the Dover, 1973 edition), "the most revolutionary [book] ever written… dangerous in every sense of the word - to socialism, to polititians, to hypocrisy" (James Huneker, Egoists, NY, 1909). Born of the Liberalism- Socialism vs. Monarchical social and political distress in Europe at the time, this, Stirner’s (pseud. of Johann Kaspar Schmidt, 1806-1856) first and most significant book, concerns the individual against authority: freedom is not something given, all freedom is essentially self-liberation; his message here is personal insurrection rather than general revolution. This philosophy is known as Anarchism; as such, right up publisher Benj. R. Tucker’s alley: atheist, anarchist, egoist, free-lover, Tucker was the editor and publisher of Liberty, for 27 years the U.S.’s major forum for anarchist thinking and criticism. Tucker issued only small press runs of his books; the present volume was issued in another edition the same year with superior cloth and gilt lettering. Both have become rare; this edition scarce in good condition. Stoddard, A Bibliographic Catalogue of Benj. R. Tucker’s Imprints, in Essays In Honor of Wm. B. Todd, p.175.

 

SUZUKI, Daisetz Teitaro. A MISCELLANY ON THE SHIN TEACHING OF BUDDHISM. Kyoto: Shinshu Otahiha Shumusho, 1949. Sm. 8vo, (4), 151pp. Green cloth, gilt title. Very good. $125. ¶ First Edition of a scarce book on the Japanese Mahayana sect.

 

TAINE, Hippolyte. PHILOSOPHIE DE L’ART. Paris: Baillière, 1865. 8vo, 175pp. Quarter cloth, orig. wrappers bound in, very good. $75. ¶ First Edition of Taine’s insightful analysis of art history in which he applies psychological interpretations to artistic development which relate to his theories of la race, le milieu and le moment. Taine (1828-93), French critic and historian, did more than any other writers of the period to mould the thought of his generation. Taine’s importance lay in his application of the principles of scientific investigation to the study of literature, history, and art.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas. SELECT WORKS OF PORPHYRY; containing his Four Books on Abstinence from Animal Food; his Treatise on the Homeric Cave of the Nymphs; and his Auxiliaries to the Perception of Intelligible Natures… and an Appendix, explaining the Allegory of the Wanderings of Ulysses. London: Thomas Rodd, 1823. 8vo, xx, 271, (4 ads)pp. Half brown calf, marbled boards, raised bands slightly rubbed, signature of verso of marbled endpaper, very good. $750.

¶ First Edition in English of the first book on vegetarianism. Porphyrius (A.D. 233-301) was a pupil of Longinus and later Plotinus; both recognized his great abilities and learning, and his lifelong desire to achieve purity of thought by freeing himself from all attachments of the flesh. To this end he was a vegetarian who also opposed animal sacrifice. Smith (III, p.501) remarks on his great abilities as a writer as well as a scholar/philosopher. Taylor (1758-1835) devoted his life to translating Greek classics with commentary, which gained him the sobriquet "The Platonist" and encouraged the continuation of the Neo-Platonic tradition. "His translations represent a side of Greek thought that but for him would be unrepresented in English literature… No man’s mind was ever more thoroughly suffused with the very essence of Neo-Platonism… His books remain a mighty monument of disinterested devotion to philosophic study" (Axon, Thomas Taylor the Platonist… London, 1890). One of Taylor’s most elusive titles. Balch p.18. Raine & Harper p. 530.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas. TWO ORATIONS OF THE EMPEROR JULIAN: One to the Sovereign Sun and the other to Mother of the Gods; Translated from the Greek... [with] THE ARGUMENTS OF THE EMPEROR JULIAN AGAINST THE CHRISTIANS. Translated from the Greek Fragments Preserved by Cyril… Chicago: Hermetic Publishing Co, 1932. 2 vols, blue cloth, gilt, fine in a slightly worn slipcase. $85. ¶ Reprints of the rare editions of 1793 and 1809, here limited to 500 copies.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas - Aristotle. THE GREAT AND EUDEMIAN ETHICS, The Politics and Economics of Aristotle. Tr. from the Greek by Thomas Taylor. London: Printed for the Translator, 1811. 4to, viii, [2]-535pp. Old marbled boards, rebacked in calf, gilt titles. Some spotting otherwise very. $1250. ¶ First Edition, issued as part of the works of Aristotle, reputedly in an editon of only 50 copies. Taylor (1758-1835) devoted his life to translating Greek classics with commentary, which gained him the sobriquet "The Platonist" and encouraged the continuation of the Neoplatonic tradition. "His translations represent a side of Greek thought that but for him would be unrepresented in English literature… No man’s mind was ever more thoroughly suffused with the very essence of Neoplatonism… His books remain a mighty monument of disinterested devotion to philosophic study" (Axon, Thomas Taylor the Platonist… London, 1890). His translations were the sources of Greek philosophy to Blake, Coleridge, Shelley, Emerson and other writers of the Romantic and Transcendentalist movements. Balch p.12. Raine & Harper p.526. Not in Axon.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas - Aristotle. THE RHETORIC, POETIC, AND NICOMACHEAN ETHICS OF ARISTOTLE. Translated from the Greek. London: Valpy for James Black & Son, 1818. 2 vols, 8vo, viii, xlvii, 351; (6), 409, (2)pp. Modern cloth backed board, gilt stamped black morocco labels. Light browning but a fine set. $600. ¶ Second edition, first issued in 1811 as part of the Works of Aristotle in an edition of 50 copies. Taylor (1758-1835) devoted his life to translating Greek classics with commentary, which gained him the sobriquet "The Platonist" and encouraged the continuation of the Neoplatonic tradition. "His translations represent a side of Greek thought that but for him would be unrepresented in English literature… No man’s mind was ever more thoroughly suffused with the very essence of Neoplatonism… His books remain a mighty monument of disinterested devotion to philosophic study" (Axon, Thomas Taylor the Platonist… London, 1890.) His translations were the sources of Greek philosophy to Blake, Coleridge, Shelley, Emerson and other writers of the Romantic and Transcendentalist movements. Axon p.12. Balch p.14. Lowndes I, p.69. Raine & Harper p. 528.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas - Aristotle. THE RHETORIC, POETIC, AND NICOMACHEAN ETHICS OF ARISTOTLE. Translated from the Greek. London: Printed for the Translator, 1811. 4to, xxviii, 604pp. Old marbled boards, rebacked in calf, gilt titles. Some spotting otherwise very. $1250.

¶ First Edition, issued as part of the works of Aristotle, reputedly in an editon of only 50 copies. Taylor (1758-1835) devoted his life to translating Greek classics with commentary, which gained him the sobriquet "The Platonist" and encouraged the continuation of the Neoplatonic tradition. "His translations represent a side of Greek thought that but for him would be unrepresented in English literature… No man’s mind was ever more thoroughly suffused with the very essence of Neoplatonism… His books remain a mighty monument of disinterested devotion to philosophic study" (Axon, Thomas Taylor the Platonist… London, 1890). His translations were the sources of Greek philosophy to Blake, Coleridge, Shelley, Emerson and other writers of the Romantic and Transcendentalist movements. Axon p.12. Balch p11. Raine & Harper p.526.

 

TAYLOR, Thomas - Proclus. TWO TREATISES OF PROCLUS, The Platonic Successor. London: Printed for the Translator & Sold by William Pickering, 1833. 8vo, viii, 176pp. Original green moire cloth, paper spine label, slightly faded, affecting some leaves, interesting pencil annotations throughout. $550. ¶ First Edition, one of 250 copies. The limitation is stated on the paper spine label. Axon p.14. Balch p.20. Raine & Harper p.531.

 

TEGGART, Frederick J. THEORY OF HISTORY. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1925. 8vo, xix, 231pp. Original black cloth, gilt. Some soiling to covers, ownership marks, very good. $35. ¶ First Edition of the work examining the nature of progress in history.

 

THEOPHRASTUS, of Eresos. OPERA OMNIA. Basilae: J. Oporius, 1541. Folio, (31 x 20,5cm), 291pp, Greek text, with ornamental head-ppieces and decorative initials. Contemp. vellum, slight wear, a few insignificant worm holes in the first quire, owner’s ink inscription dated 1577 on title. $3500.

¶ First sixteenth century edition of the works of the Greek philosopher, preceded only by the Aldine incunable of 1498. Our copy is one of the rare variant issues with the Latin preface of the philologist Jerome Gemusaeus (1505 - 1543) instead of that of doctor and botanist Joachim II Camerius (1534 - 1598). This edition is not in Durling, Waller or Choix, and Adams and Wellcome record only the issue with the Camerius’s preface. Among the various treatises which this work contains (Plantarum historia, De plantarum causis, Aristotelis de Plantis, De Lapidibus, De Piscibus, De Igne, De Signis, De Odoribus, De Ventis, De Sudoribus..)

Also included is the "Moral Characters," descriptive sketches of types exhibiting deviations from proper norms of behaviour which inspired Jean de La Bruyere in the seventeenth century. ¶ Theophrastus (Eresos 371 AD - 264), student of Plato and Aristotle, and successor of the latter as head of the Lyceum, one of the greatest botanists of all times, wrote on philosophy, botany, and on a number of scientific subjects including precious stones, wind, fire, weather and odors. A researcher and scholar rather than a speculative philosopher, he pursued his researches along lines laid down by Aristotle, his differences due to an emphasis on empirical observation. The texts of the surviving works are notoriously defective, yet his writings were drawn upon by the ancient writers so extensively they are indirectly the root of almost all we know of early Greek natural philosophy. "He gives a remarkable account of the perfumes used at that early period and shows a considerable knowledge of physiology… We owe to Theophrastus the names of the various perfumes used by the Greeks" (Thompson, Mystery & Lure of Perfume, pp.61-2). Sarton I, pp.143-44. "…the first methodical study of mineralogy and the only one before Agricola’s in the sixteenth century that considers mineral substances for themselves rather than for their curative or magical properties" (DSB). This work "may be claimed as the earliest essay in Petrography" (Geikie p.16). Cfr. Pritzel 9190; BM, Stc German, 856.

 

TOUSSENEL, A[lphonse]. L’ESPRIT DES BETES. LE MONDE DES OISEAUX Ornithologie Passionelle. Paris: Librarie Phalanstérienne, 1853-55. 3 vols, 8vo, (8), iii, 484, (2); viii, 412, (1); (4), 372, (1), 10 (ads)pp, frontisportrait in vol. III. Contemp. quarter calf, backstrips lettered in gilt, a very good set. $250.

¶ First Edition, published posthumously. This unusual study of French ornithology embodies a philosophical treatise based on socialist theories by Charles Fourier (1772-1837), who propounded a cooperative organization of society into "phalanxes" (hence Phalanstérienne). Toussenel (1803-1885) was an admirer of Fourier and an active member of the Phalanx-movement. In this work he investigates the world of birds and draws parallels to the world of the human society, basing arguments on observations, especially stressing the necessity of active participation of women in politics, religion, morality and literature. Larousse devotes a whole article to this title and calls Toussenel’s writings inventive, sometimes paradoxical and fantastic, but always charming. Toussenel was also the author of the well known L'Esprit des Bêtes, Vénerie Française et Zoologie Passionelle (1847). Scarce. Not in BMC or NUC.

 

VIGNY, Alfred de. CINQ MARS ou Une Conjuration Sous Louis XIII. Notes et Éclaircissements de M. Fernand Baldensperger. Paris: Louis Conard, [ca. 1918]. 8vo, xiii, (2), 560pp. Quarter calf over marbled boards, gilt ruled spine, title in gilt; orig. wrappers bound in. Very nice. $45. ¶ From the Oeuvre Completes 1904-22.

 

(Voltaire). BRUCE, Harold Lawton. VOLTAIRE ON THE ENGLISH STAGE. In: Modern Philology, Vol. 8, No. 1, p. 1-152, June 20, 1918. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1918. 8vo, 152pp. Orig. printed grey wrappers. Very good, unopened copy. $35.

 

(Voltaire). DELATTRE, André. RÉPERTOIRE CHRONOLOGIQUE DES LETTRES DE VOLTAIRE, edited by André Delattre. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1952. 8vo, xi, 203pp, blue cloth with gilt title. Very good. $35. ¶ A chronology of all Voltaire’s general correspondence including an appendix, comprehensive bibliography and index.

 

(Voltaire). DESNOIRESTERRES, Gustave. VOLTAIRE ET LA SOCIÉTÉ AU XVIII SIÈCLE. Deuxième édition. Paris: Librairie Acadèmique, 1875. 8vo, (4), 509pp. Maroon cloth. Very good. $35. ¶ Second edition.

 

(Voltaire). DESNOIRESTERRES, Gustave. VOLTAIRE ET LA SOCIÉTÉ AU XVIIIE SIÈCLE. Retour et Mort de Voltaire. Paris: Didier et CIE, Librairie-Éditeurs, [1869-] 1876. 8vo, red library cloth, orig. wrappers bound in with small repair to outer margin, good copy. $20. ¶ The last of an eight volume biography, described as "one of indispensable basic works for any detailed study of Voltaire’s life and literary activity" by Cabeen (1667).

 

(Voltaire). DESNOIRESTERRES, Gustave. VOLTAIRE ET LA SOCIÉTÉ AU XVIIIE SIÈCLE. Voltaire et Genève.. Paris: Didier et CIE, Librairie-Éditeurs, [1869-]1876. 8vo, 511pp. with errata, red library cloth, orig. wrappers bound in, good copy. $25. ¶ One of an eight volume biography, described as "one of indispensable basic works for any detailed study of Voltaire’s life and literary activity" by Cabeen (1667).

 

VOLTAIRE, [F.-M. A.] LETTRES INÉDITES DE VOLTAIRE. À Mademoiselle Quinault, à M. D’Argental, au Président Hénault, à M. Damilaville, à Madame D’Épinay, et Autres Personnages Remarquables. Paris: Antoine-Augustin Renouard, 1822. 8vo, contemporary quarter calf over marbled boards, marbled endpapers; joint starting and spine a little worn, foxing throughout with some leaves heavier than others. $25.

 

VOLTAIRE, [F.M.A. de]; Norman Tealby, illustrator. CANDIDE And Other Romances by Voltaire. Translated by Richard Aldington with an Introduction & Notes. London: John Lane The Bodley Head, (1929). Tall 8vo, xxxiii, 220pp, 12 b&w plates incl. frontis. & text. illus. Orig. gilt pictorial cloth in black pictorial dust jacket, very good. $45. ¶ Attractively illustrated edition of Candide with introductory essay by Aldington.

 

VOLTAIRE, [F.M.R.S.]. SIÉCLE DE LOUIS XIV par Voltaire. Nouvelle Edition Classique avec Commentaire Historique, Geogrpahiques & Litteraire par Paul Gaffarel. Paris: Garnier Fréres, 1882. 8vo, xvi, 660pp, illus. & maps. Orig. printed wrappers. Spine ends chipped, very good, tight, unopened copy. $40. ¶ "Nouvelle Édition Classique" avec commentaire historique, géographique et Littéraire par Paul Gaffarel.

 

(Voltaire). FONTIUS, Martin. VOLTAIRE IN BERLIN. Berlin: Rütten & Loening, 1966. 8vo, 257, (2)pp. Blue cloth, silver lettering, d.j. Signature on endpaper, corners of d.j. showing wear, otherwise very good. $35. ¶ First Edition.

 

VOLTAIRE, [François Marie Arouet de]. LE SIÈCLE DE LOUIS XIV Par Voltaire. Préface et notes par René Groos. Paris: Garnier Frères, 1929. 2 vols, 8vo, xv, 403, (2); 420pp. Orig. printed wrappers, many leaves unopened. Very good. $50. ¶ Limited to 500 numbered copies.

 

(Voltaire). HAVENS, George R. VOLTAIRE’S BOOKS: A SELECTED LIST in Modern Philology, Volume XXVII, Number, August 1929. [Offprint], August 1929. 8vo, 22pp. Stapled. Signature to upper corner of first page. Very good. $20.

 

(Voltaire, Montesquieu, Rousseau). COLLINS, J. Churton. VOLTAIRE, MONTESQUIEU AND ROUSSEAU IN ENGLAND. London: Eveleigh Nash, Fawside House, 1908. 8vo, viii, (2), 292pp, frontisportrait. Blue cloth, gilt lettering. Signature to endpaper, ownership stamp to title, miscellaneous notations to endpapers and throughout text, slight wear to extremities. Very good. $35. ¶ First Edition. "Readable account of Voltaire’s experiences in England, based in part on new documents." Cabeen 3098.

 

(Voltaire). ROWE, Constance. VOLTAIRE AND THE STATE. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955. 8vo, xi, (5), 254pp. Red cloth, gilt spine, d.j. Very good. $25. ¶ First Edition. Cabeen 4688.

 

(Voltaire). SCHILLING, Bernard N. CONSERVATIVE ENGLAND AND THE CASE AGAINST VOLTAIRE. New York: Columbia University Press, 1950. 8vo, xii, 394pp. Original grey cloth. Fore-edge spotted & browned, otherwise very good. Dust jacket stained. $25. ¶ First Edition.

 

(Voltaire). TALLENTYRE, S.G. FRIENDS OF VOLTAIRE. New York: Putnam, 1907. 8vo, x, (2), 303, (4)pp, frontisp., illus. Blue cloth, gilt spine, signature on endpaper. Very good. $30.

 

(Voltaire). VIRET, Louis. LE MAUVAIS DÎNER, ou Lettres sur le dîner du Comte de Boulainvilliers. Paris: Bailly, 1770. 8vo, viii, 282, (6)pp. Very good copy in later green boards, gilt spine, gilt red morocco label. $225. ¶ Only edition of this critique of Voltaire’s three dialogues, Le Dîner du Comte de Voulainvilliers (1767). Charged with impiety from many quarters, the brief Le Dîner was never so denigrated as by Louis Viret, who is known only by another work, also attacking Voltaire. Michaud V, p.224, n.1. Quérard X, 232. NUC cites one copy (OU).

 

WASSON, R. Gordon; Albert Hofmann; & Carl A.P. Ruck. THE ROAD TO ELEUSIS, Unveiling the Secret of the Mysteries. Los Angeles: William Dailey Rare Books Ltd, 1998. 8vo, 150pp, illustrated. Cloth. New, at publication price. ISBN 0-915148-20-X. Dealer enquiries welcomed. $50.

¶ New edition, with a preface by historian of religion Huston Smith, a chapter by Carl Ruck and an afterword by Albert Hofmann. In the spirit of Wasson’s previous books, this twentieth anniversary edition is printed at the Stamperia Valdonega in Verona, Italy. The first edition (1978) quickly sold out and has become virtually impossible to locate in the rare book market. The Road to Eleusis presents convincing evidence of the entheogenic inspiration behind our western civilization.

"[Gordon Wasson has] made the specialty of mycology something of universal importance and one of the pillars of anthropology and the history of religions." – Octavio Paz, Nobel Laureate, Literature.

"This interpretation seems to solve the Mystery at last… The solution here offered by Wasson, Hofmann and Ruck is simple and elegant, like all good solutions, and leads us to wonder why it hadn’t been hit upon sooner… Thanks to Wasson’s perspicacity, we have here yet another astonishing chapter in the history of ethnomycology which for the first time places the sacred mushroom in our own cultural past…" – Jonathan Ott, author of Pharmacotheon

 

WERNER, Christian Friedrich. DIE PRODUKTIONSKRAFT DER ERDE oder die Entstehung des Menschengeschlechts aus Naturkräften. Leipzig: Engelmann, 1826. 8vo, viii, 413, (2, ads)pp. Old wrappers, sm. stamps on title, tiny section cut away at foot of title not touching text, otherwise good. $65. ¶ Third edition, revised and enlarged by Heinrich Richter, of this rare study by Christian Friedrich Werner (1757-1826). The author proposes here to discover the origin of the human race by linking metaphysical speculation with chemistry. Poggendorff II, p.1301. NUC: 1 copy at PPAN.

 

(Whitman). BRINTON, Daniel G. & Thomas Davidson. GIORDANO BRUNO: PHILOSOPHER & MARTYR. Two Addresses. Philadelphia: David McKay, 1890. 8vo, 68pp. Orig. brown cloth. Small tear to title-page, light general wear, signature to fly-leaf, still very good. $150. ¶ First Edition of this rare book on Bruno, including a lecture by the pioneering American anthropologist, Daniel Brinton (1837-99), with a prefatory remark by Walt Whitman. BAL 21437. Myerson D18.

 

ZIEHEN, Theodor. PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGISCHE ERKENNTNISTHEORIE. Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1898. 8vo, (6), 106pp. Disbound, rubber stamps from an Asian library on title, marginalia in Chinese. $150. ¶ First Edition of Ziehen’s argument that the traditional antithesis between the subjective world of consciousness and the objective, external world is untenable because of the "psychophysical neutrality" of the given in that world. He argues also that the traditional antithesis ignores the parallel between the subjective mental world and its material, physiological processes. Cf. Encyclopedia of Philosophy VIII, pp.379-80. NUC cites copies at Chicago, Cornell, and Berkeley.